body part

Definitions of body part
1

n any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity

Types:
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saddle
posterior part of the back of a domestic fowl
underpart
a part lying on the lower side or underneath an animal's body
horseback
the back of a horse
dock
the solid bony part of the tail of an animal as distinguished from the hair
ambulacrum
one of the five areas on the undersurface of an echinoderm on which the tube feet are located
withers
the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of various animals especially draft animals
cannon, shank
lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals
loin, lumbus
either side of the backbone between the hipbone and the ribs in humans as well as quadrupeds
croup, croupe, hindquarters, rump
the part of an animal that corresponds to the human buttocks
gaskin
lower part of a horse's thigh between the hock and the stifle
flank
the side between ribs and hipbone
thorax
part of an insect's body that bears the wings and legs
apparatus
(anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
adnexa, annexa
accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages to an organ (especially of the embryo)
area, region
a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve
dilator
a muscle or nerve that dilates or widens a body part
groove, vallecula
(anatomy) any furrow or channel on a bodily structure or part
partition
(anatomy) a structure that separates areas in an organism
external body part
any body part visible externally
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure
a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing
fornix
generally any arch shaped structure (but often it refers to the arched roof of an anatomical space)
system
a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts
ampulla
the dilated portion of a canal or duct especially of the semicircular canals of the ear
tissue
part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function
mentum
a projection below the mouth of certain mollusks that resembles a chin
organ
a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
venter
a bulging body part (as the belly of a muscle)
energid, protoplast
a biological unit consisting of a nucleus and the body of cytoplasm with which it interacts
appendage, outgrowth, process
a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant
lobe
(anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part
rectum
the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
shoulder
the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm
body, torso, trunk
the body excluding the head and neck and limbs
chest, pectus, thorax
the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
thorax
the middle region of the body of an arthropod between the head and the abdomen
hip
either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh
haunch
the hip and buttock and upper thigh in human beings
abdomen, belly, stomach, venter
the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
dorsum
the back of the body of a vertebrate or any analogous surface (as the upper or outer surface of an organ or appendage or part)
back, dorsum
the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine
small
the slender part of the back
ass, backside, behind, bottom, bum, buns, butt, buttocks, can, derriere, fanny, fundament, hind end, hindquarters, keister, nates, posterior, prat, rear, rear end, rump, seat, stern, tail, tail end, tooshie, tush
the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
buttock, cheek
either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump
stump
the part of a limb or tooth that remains after the rest is removed
shank
the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle
shin
the front part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle
toe
forepart of a hoof
articulatio, articulation, joint
(anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
loins
the region of the hips and groin and lower abdomen
feature, lineament
the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin
rudiment
the remains of a body part that was functional at an earlier stage of life
horn
one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates
horn
any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn
crest
a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal
pseudopod, pseudopodium
temporary outgrowth used by some microorganisms as an organ of feeding or locomotion
flagellum
a lash-like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa)
ovipositor
egg-laying tubular structure at the end of the abdomen in many female insects and some fishes
layer
thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells
siphon, syphon
a tubular organ in an aquatic animal (especially in mollusks) through which water can be taken in or expelled
breast
the part of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's chest
throat
the part of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's throat
hood
(zoology) an expandable part or marking that resembles a hood on the head or neck of an animal
hair
a filamentous projection or process on an organism
cirrus
a slender flexible animal appendage as on barnacles or crinoids or many insects; often tactile
spine
a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin
aculea
small spiny outgrowth on the wings of certain insects
style
a slender bristlelike or tubular process
villus
a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
apodeme
ridge-like ingrowth of the exoskeleton of an arthropod that supports internal organs and provides attachment points for muscles
comb-plate, ctene
a locomotor organ consisting of a row of strong cilia whose bases are fused
wing
a movable organ for flying (one of a pair)
caliculus, calycle, calyculus
a small cup-shaped structure (as a taste bud or optic cup or cavity of a coral containing a polyp)
tooth
toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell
belly
the underpart of the body of certain vertebrates such as snakes or fish
tail
the posterior part of the body of a vertebrate especially when elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body
foot, invertebrate foot
any of various organs of locomotion or attachment in invertebrates
pad
the fleshy cushion-like underside of an animal's foot or of a human's finger
fetlock
projection behind and above a horse's hoof
fetlock, fetlock joint
the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern
hock, hock-joint
tarsal joint of the hind leg of hoofed mammals; corresponds to the human ankle
haunch
the loin and leg of a quadruped
knee, stifle
joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
sucker
an organ specialized for sucking nourishment or for adhering to objects by suction
stinger
a sharp organ of offense or defense (as of a wasp or stingray or scorpion) often connected with a poison gland
elbow
the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow
branchial cleft, gill cleft, gill slit
one of a series of slit openings in the pharynxes of fishes and aquatic amphibians through which water passes
branchial arch, gill arch, gill bar
one of the bony or cartilaginous arches on each side of the pharynx that support the gills of fishes and aquatic amphibians
peristome
region around the mouth in various invertebrates
syrinx
the vocal organ of a bird
tentacle
any of various elongated tactile or prehensile flexible organs that occur on the head or near the mouth in many animals; used for feeling or grasping or locomotion
arista
bristlelike process near the tip of the antenna of certain flies
prothorax
the anterior part of an insect's thorax; bears the first pair of legs
septum
(anatomy) a dividing partition between two tissues or cavities
costal groove
groove between the ribs where the nerves and blood vessels are
fissure
(anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes
erogenous zone
any area of the body especially sensitive to sexual stimulation
arthromere
any of the segments in the body of a jointed animal like an arthropod
bulb
a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ
carina
any of various keel-shaped structures or ridges such as that on the breastbone of a bird or that formed by the fused petals of a pea blossom
cauda
any taillike structure
chiasm, chiasma, decussation
an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
cingulum
(anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
concha
(anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
filament, filum
a threadlike structure (as a chainlike series of cells)
germ
a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism
infundibulum
any of various funnel-shaped parts of the body (but especially the hypophyseal stalk)
interstice
a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ
landmark
an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
limbus
a border or edge of any of various body parts distinguished by color or structure
rib
a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
blade
a broad flat body part (as of the shoulder or tongue)
radicle
(anatomy) a small structure resembling a rootlet (such as a fibril of a nerve)
plexus, rete
a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
pressure point
an area on the skin that is highly sensitive to pressure
tube, tube-shaped structure
(anatomy) any hollow cylindrical body structure
passage, passageway
a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass
fundus
(anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
funiculus
any of several body structure resembling a cord
band, isthmus
a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure
animal tissue
the tissue in the bodies of animals
acromial process, acromion
the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
contractile organ, contractor
a bodily organ that contracts
head
that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves
articulatory system
the system of joints in the body
anlage, primordium
an organ in its earliest stage of development; the foundation for subsequent development
vital organ, vitals
a bodily organ that is essential for life
effector
an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
external organ
an organ that is situated on or near the surface of the body
internal organ, viscus
a main organ that is situated inside the body
receptor, sense organ, sensory receptor
an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
auditory apparatus
all of the components of the organ of hearing including the outer and middle and inner ears
clapper, glossa, lingua, tongue
a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
bodily cavity, cavity, cavum
(anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body
organ of speech, speech organ, vocal organ
any of the organs involved in speech production
lip
either of two fleshy folds of tissue that surround the mouth and play a role in speaking
root, tooth root
the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
ala
a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
alveolar arch
the part of the upper or lower jawbones in which the teeth are set
alveolar process, alveolar ridge, gum ridge
a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth
capsule
a structure that encloses a body part
uvea
the part of the eye that contains the iris and ciliary body and choroid
crystalline lens, lens, lens of the eye
biconvex transparent body situated behind the iris in the eye; its role (along with the cornea) is to focuses light on the retina
lens nucleus, nucleus
the central structure of the lens that is surrounded by the cortex
membranous labyrinth
the sensory structures of the inner ear including the labyrinthine receptors and the cochlea; contained within the bony labyrinth
bony labyrinth, osseous labyrinth
cavity in the petrous part of the temporal bone that contains the membranous labyrinth
ear lobe, earlobe
the fleshy pendulous part of the external human ear
gland, secreter, secretor, secretory organ
any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
digestive system, gastrointestinal system, systema alimentarium, systema digestorium
the system that makes food absorbable into the body
endocrine system
the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
glans
a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
hypochondrium
the upper region of the abdomen just below the lowest ribs on either side of the epigastrium
hepatic lobe
any of the five lobes forming the liver
alveolar bed
lung tissue densely packed with alveoli
lobe of the lung
any of the three lobes of the right lung or the two lobes of the left lung
area of cardiac dullness
a triangular area of the front of the chest (determined by percussion); corresponds to the part of the heart not covered by the lungs
valve
a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it
epigastrium
the region lying on or over the stomach (just below the sternum)
vascular structure
a structure composed of or provided with blood vessels
lacrimal apparatus
the structures that secrete and drain tears from the eye
venation, venous blood system
(zoology) the system of venous blood vessels in an animal
cytoskeleton
a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
nucleolar organiser, nucleolar organizer, nucleolus organiser, nucleolus organizer
the particular part of a chromosome that is associated with a nucleolus after nuclear division
centromere, kinetochore
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle
a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
aster
star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell having fibers like rays that surround the centrosome during mitosis
fovea, fovea centralis
area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing cones and where vision is most acute
parafovea
area of the retina immediately surrounding the fovea
macula, macula lutea, macular area, yellow spot
a small yellowish central area of the retina that is rich in cones and that mediates clear detailed vision
acrosome
a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
immune system
a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
integumentary system
the skin and its appendages
RES, reticuloendothelial system
a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
MPS, mononuclear phagocyte system, system of macrophages
a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
muscle system, muscular structure, musculature
the muscular system of an organism
musculoskeletal system
the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
nervous system, systema nervosum
the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
neural structure
a structure that is part of the nervous system
end organ
a specialized structure at the peripheral end of some motor or sensory nerve fibers
caruncle, caruncula
an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
condyle
a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
coronoid process, processus coronoideus
a sharp triangular process projecting from a bone
epicondyle
a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
fimbria
thin projections forming a fringe (especially around the ovarian end of the Fallopian tube)
apophysis
(anatomy) a natural outgrowth or projection on an organ or body part such as the process of a vertebra
spicule, spiculum
small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals
osteophyte
small abnormal bony outgrowth
papilla
a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather
papilla
a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell
CNS, central nervous system, systema nervosum centrale
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
cortical area, cortical region
any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
fold, plica
a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
convolution, gyrus
a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
lobule
a small lobe or subdivision of a lobe
frontal cortex, frontal lobe
that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe
the anterior part of the frontal lobe
parietal cortex, parietal lobe
that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
occipital cortex, occipital lobe
that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
temporal ccortex, temporal lobe
that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
peripheral nervous system, systema nervosum periphericum
the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
genital system, reproductive system
organs and tissues involved in the production and maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring
apparatus urogenitalis, genitourinary apparatus, genitourinary system, systema urogenitale, urinary apparatus, urinary system, urogenital apparatus, urogenital system
the system that includes all organs involved in reproduction and in the formation and voidance of urine
respiratory system, systema respiratorium
the system for taking in oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide; in terrestrial animals this is accomplished by breathing
sensory system
the body's system of sense organs
tract
a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose
vascular system
the vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of an animal or plant
reproductive organ, sex organ
any organ involved in sexual reproduction
target organ
(radiology) organ intended to receive the therapeutic dose of a radioactive substance
taret organ
(endocrinology) organ most affected by a particular hormone
labium
a liplike structure that bounds a bodily orifice (especially any of the four labiate folds of a woman's vulva)
erectile organ
an organ containing erectile tissue
cartilaginous structure
body structure given shape by cartilage
appendix, cecal appendage, vermiform appendix, vermiform process
a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch
perineum
the general region between the anus and the genital organs
caput, head
the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains
mastoid, mastoid bone, mastoid process, mastoidal
process of the temporal bone behind the ear at the base of the skull
styloid process
extends from the base of the temporal bone
pterygoid process
two bony processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone
eminence, tubercle, tuberosity
a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
fibrous joint, sutura, suture
an immovable joint (especially between the bones of the skull)
articulatio synovialis, diarthrosis, synovial joint
a joint so articulated as to move freely
zygomatic process
a slender process of the temporal bone that strengthens the zygomatic arch
cervix, neck
the part of an organism (human or animal) that connects the head to the rest of the body
frill, ruff
an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal
side
either the left or right half of a body
bust, female chest
the chest of a woman
male chest
the chest of a man
breast, chest
the front of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen
cleavage
the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts)
areola, ring of color
small circular area such as that around the human nipple or an inflamed area around a pimple or insect bite
middle, midriff, midsection
the middle area of the human torso (usually in front)
waist, waistline
the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips
underbelly, underbody
the soft belly or underside of an animal's body
loins, pubes, pubic region
the lower part of the abdomen just above the external genital organs
appendage, extremity, member
an external body part that projects from the body
palm, thenar
the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers
thenar
the fleshy area of the palm at the base of the thumb
extremity
that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
trochanter
one of the bony prominences developed near the upper extremity of the femur to which muscles are attached
ball
a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass
sole
the underside of the foot
plate
any flat platelike body structure or part
horny structure, unguis
any rigid body structure composed primarily of keratin
half-moon, lunula, lunule
the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail
frame, skeletal system, skeleton, systema skeletale
the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
skeletal structure
any structure created by the skeleton of an organism
transverse process
one of two processes that extend from each vertebra and provide the point of articulation for the ribs
odontoid process
a toothlike process at the back of 2nd vertebra of the neck
costa
a riblike part of a plant or animal (such as a middle rib of a leaf or a thickened vein of an insect wing)
metaphysis
the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
olecranon, olecranon process
process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
head
the rounded end of a bone that fits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint
groin, inguen
the crease at the junction of the inner part of the thigh with the trunk together with the adjacent region and often including the external genitals
quick
any area of the body that is highly sensitive to pain (as the flesh underneath the skin or a fingernail or toenail)
bridge
the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose
chin, mentum
the protruding part of the lower jaw
face, human face
the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear
face
the part of an animal corresponding to the human face
brow, forehead
the part of the face above the eyes
temple
the flat area on either side of the forehead
cheek
either side of the face below the eyes
jowl
a fullness and looseness of the flesh of the lower cheek and jaw (characteristic of aging)
jaw
the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth
ridge
any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane
excrescence
(pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
rotator cuff
a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move
cornu
(anatomy) any structure that resembles a horn in shape
corona
(anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape
receptor
a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
zona, zone
(anatomy) any encircling or beltlike structure
papilla
(botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
enation, plant process
a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
Type of:
part, piece
a portion of a natural object

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