body part

Definitions of body part
  1. noun
    any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
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    saddle
    posterior part of the back of a domestic fowl
    underpart
    a part lying on the lower side or underneath an animal's body
    horseback
    the back of a horse
    dock
    the solid bony part of the tail of an animal as distinguished from the hair
    ambulacrum
    one of the five areas on the undersurface of an echinoderm on which the tube feet are located
    withers
    the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of various animals especially draft animals
    cannon, shank
    lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals
    loin, lumbus
    either side of the backbone between the hipbone and the ribs in humans as well as quadrupeds
    croup, croupe, hindquarters, rump
    the part of an animal that corresponds to the human buttocks
    gaskin
    lower part of a horse's thigh between the hock and the stifle
    flank
    the side between ribs and hipbone
    thorax
    part of an insect's body that bears the wings and legs
    apparatus
    (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
    adnexa, annexa
    accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages to an organ (especially of the embryo)
    area, region
    a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve
    dilator
    a muscle or nerve that dilates or widens a body part
    groove, vallecula
    (anatomy) any furrow or channel on a bodily structure or part
    partition
    (anatomy) a structure that separates areas in an organism
    external body part
    any body part visible externally
    anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure
    a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing
    fornix
    generally any arch shaped structure (but often it refers to the arched roof of an anatomical space)
    system
    a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts
    ampulla
    the dilated portion of a canal or duct especially of the semicircular canals of the ear
    tissue
    part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function
    mentum
    a projection below the mouth of certain mollusks that resembles a chin
    organ
    a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
    venter
    a bulging body part (as the belly of a muscle)
    energid, protoplast
    a biological unit consisting of a nucleus and the body of cytoplasm with which it interacts
    appendage, outgrowth, process
    a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant
    lobe
    (anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part
    rectum
    the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
    shoulder
    the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm
    body, torso, trunk
    the body excluding the head and neck and limbs
    chest, pectus, thorax
    the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
    thorax
    the middle region of the body of an arthropod between the head and the abdomen
    hip
    either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh
    haunch
    the hip and buttock and upper thigh in human beings
    abdomen, belly, stomach, venter
    the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
    dorsum
    the back of the body of a vertebrate or any analogous surface (as the upper or outer surface of an organ or appendage or part)
    back, dorsum
    the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine
    small
    the slender part of the back
    ass, backside, behind, bottom, bum, buns, butt, buttocks, can, derriere, fanny, fundament, hind end, hindquarters, keister, nates, posterior, prat, rear, rear end, rump, seat, stern, tail, tail end, tooshie, tush
    the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
    buttock, cheek
    either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump
    stump
    the part of a limb or tooth that remains after the rest is removed
    shank
    the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle
    shin
    the front part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle
    toe
    forepart of a hoof
    articulatio, articulation, joint
    (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
    loins
    the region of the hips and groin and lower abdomen
    feature, lineament
    the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin
    rudiment
    the remains of a body part that was functional at an earlier stage of life
    horn
    one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates
    horn
    any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn
    crest
    a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal
    pseudopod, pseudopodium
    temporary outgrowth used by some microorganisms as an organ of feeding or locomotion
    flagellum
    a lash-like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa)
    ovipositor
    egg-laying tubular structure at the end of the abdomen in many female insects and some fishes
    layer
    thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells
    siphon, syphon
    a tubular organ in an aquatic animal (especially in mollusks) through which water can be taken in or expelled
    breast
    the part of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's chest
    throat
    the part of an animal's body that corresponds to a person's throat
    hood
    (zoology) an expandable part or marking that resembles a hood on the head or neck of an animal
    hair
    a filamentous projection or process on an organism
    cirrus
    a slender flexible animal appendage as on barnacles or crinoids or many insects; often tactile
    spine
    a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin
    aculea
    small spiny outgrowth on the wings of certain insects
    style
    a slender bristlelike or tubular process
    villus
    a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
    apodeme
    ridge-like ingrowth of the exoskeleton of an arthropod that supports internal organs and provides attachment points for muscles
    comb-plate, ctene
    a locomotor organ consisting of a row of strong cilia whose bases are fused
    wing
    a movable organ for flying (one of a pair)
    caliculus, calycle, calyculus
    a small cup-shaped structure (as a taste bud or optic cup or cavity of a coral containing a polyp)
    tooth
    toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell
    belly
    the underpart of the body of certain vertebrates such as snakes or fish
    tail
    the posterior part of the body of a vertebrate especially when elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body
    foot, invertebrate foot
    any of various organs of locomotion or attachment in invertebrates
    pad
    the fleshy cushion-like underside of an animal's foot or of a human's finger
    fetlock
    projection behind and above a horse's hoof
    fetlock, fetlock joint
    the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern
    hock, hock-joint
    tarsal joint of the hind leg of hoofed mammals; corresponds to the human ankle
    haunch
    the loin and leg of a quadruped
    knee, stifle
    joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
    sucker
    an organ specialized for sucking nourishment or for adhering to objects by suction
    stinger
    a sharp organ of offense or defense (as of a wasp or stingray or scorpion) often connected with a poison gland
    elbow
    the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow
    branchial cleft, gill cleft, gill slit
    one of a series of slit openings in the pharynxes of fishes and aquatic amphibians through which water passes
    branchial arch, gill arch, gill bar
    one of the bony or cartilaginous arches on each side of the pharynx that support the gills of fishes and aquatic amphibians
    peristome
    region around the mouth in various invertebrates
    syrinx
    the vocal organ of a bird
    tentacle
    any of various elongated tactile or prehensile flexible organs that occur on the head or near the mouth in many animals; used for feeling or grasping or locomotion
    arista
    bristlelike process near the tip of the antenna of certain flies
    prothorax
    the anterior part of an insect's thorax; bears the first pair of legs
    septum
    (anatomy) a dividing partition between two tissues or cavities
    costal groove
    groove between the ribs where the nerves and blood vessels are
    fissure
    (anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes
    erogenous zone
    any area of the body especially sensitive to sexual stimulation
    arthromere
    any of the segments in the body of a jointed animal like an arthropod
    bulb
    a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ
    carina
    any of various keel-shaped structures or ridges such as that on the breastbone of a bird or that formed by the fused petals of a pea blossom
    cauda
    any taillike structure
    chiasm, chiasma, decussation
    an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
    cingulum
    (anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
    concha
    (anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
    filament, filum
    a threadlike structure (as a chainlike series of cells)
    germ
    a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism
    infundibulum
    any of various funnel-shaped parts of the body (but especially the hypophyseal stalk)
    interstice
    a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ
    landmark
    an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
    limbus
    a border or edge of any of various body parts distinguished by color or structure
    rib
    a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
    blade
    a broad flat body part (as of the shoulder or tongue)
    radicle
    (anatomy) a small structure resembling a rootlet (such as a fibril of a nerve)
    plexus, rete
    a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
    pressure point
    an area on the skin that is highly sensitive to pressure
    tube, tube-shaped structure
    (anatomy) any hollow cylindrical body structure
    passage, passageway
    a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass
    fundus
    (anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
    funiculus
    any of several body structure resembling a cord
    band, isthmus
    a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure
    animal tissue
    the tissue in the bodies of animals
    acromial process, acromion
    the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
    contractile organ, contractor
    a bodily organ that contracts
    head
    that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves
    articulatory system
    the system of joints in the body
    anlage, primordium
    an organ in its earliest stage of development; the foundation for subsequent development
    vital organ, vitals
    a bodily organ that is essential for life
    effector
    an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
    external organ
    an organ that is situated on or near the surface of the body
    internal organ, viscus
    a main organ that is situated inside the body
    receptor, sense organ, sensory receptor
    an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
    auditory apparatus
    all of the components of the organ of hearing including the outer and middle and inner ears
    clapper, glossa, lingua, tongue
    a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
    bodily cavity, cavity, cavum
    (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body
    organ of speech, speech organ, vocal organ
    any of the organs involved in speech production
    lip
    either of two fleshy folds of tissue that surround the mouth and play a role in speaking
    root, tooth root
    the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
    ala
    a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
    alveolar arch
    the part of the upper or lower jawbones in which the teeth are set
    alveolar process, alveolar ridge, gum ridge
    a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth
    capsule
    a structure that encloses a body part
    uvea
    the part of the eye that contains the iris and ciliary body and choroid
    crystalline lens, lens, lens of the eye
    biconvex transparent body situated behind the iris in the eye; its role (along with the cornea) is to focuses light on the retina
    lens nucleus, nucleus
    the central structure of the lens that is surrounded by the cortex
    membranous labyrinth
    the sensory structures of the inner ear including the labyrinthine receptors and the cochlea; contained within the bony labyrinth
    bony labyrinth, osseous labyrinth
    cavity in the petrous part of the temporal bone that contains the membranous labyrinth
    ear lobe, earlobe
    the fleshy pendulous part of the external human ear
    gland, secreter, secretor, secretory organ
    any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
    digestive system, gastrointestinal system, systema alimentarium, systema digestorium
    the system that makes food absorbable into the body
    endocrine system
    the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
    glans
    a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
    hypochondrium
    the upper region of the abdomen just below the lowest ribs on either side of the epigastrium
    hepatic lobe
    any of the five lobes forming the liver
    alveolar bed
    lung tissue densely packed with alveoli
    lobe of the lung
    any of the three lobes of the right lung or the two lobes of the left lung
    area of cardiac dullness
    a triangular area of the front of the chest (determined by percussion); corresponds to the part of the heart not covered by the lungs
    valve
    a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it
    epigastrium
    the region lying on or over the stomach (just below the sternum)
    vascular structure
    a structure composed of or provided with blood vessels
    lacrimal apparatus
    the structures that secrete and drain tears from the eye
    venation, venous blood system
    (zoology) the system of venous blood vessels in an animal
    cytoskeleton
    a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
    nucleolar organiser, nucleolar organizer, nucleolus organiser, nucleolus organizer
    the particular part of a chromosome that is associated with a nucleolus after nuclear division
    centromere, kinetochore
    a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
    cell organ, cell organelle, organelle
    a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
    aster
    star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell having fibers like rays that surround the centrosome during mitosis
    fovea, fovea centralis
    area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing cones and where vision is most acute
    parafovea
    area of the retina immediately surrounding the fovea
    macula, macula lutea, macular area, yellow spot
    a small yellowish central area of the retina that is rich in cones and that mediates clear detailed vision
    acrosome
    a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
    immune system
    a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
    integumentary system
    the skin and its appendages
    RES, reticuloendothelial system
    a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
    MPS, mononuclear phagocyte system, system of macrophages
    a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
    muscle system, muscular structure, musculature
    the muscular system of an organism
    musculoskeletal system
    the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
    nervous system, systema nervosum
    the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
    neural structure
    a structure that is part of the nervous system
    end organ
    a specialized structure at the peripheral end of some motor or sensory nerve fibers
    caruncle, caruncula
    an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
    condyle
    a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
    coronoid process, processus coronoideus
    a sharp triangular process projecting from a bone
    epicondyle
    a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
    fimbria
    thin projections forming a fringe (especially around the ovarian end of the Fallopian tube)
    apophysis
    (anatomy) a natural outgrowth or projection on an organ or body part such as the process of a vertebra
    spicule, spiculum
    small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals
    osteophyte
    small abnormal bony outgrowth
    papilla
    a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather
    papilla
    a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell
    CNS, central nervous system, systema nervosum centrale
    the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
    cortical area, cortical region
    any of various regions of the cerebral cortex
    fold, plica
    a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
    convolution, gyrus
    a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
    lobule
    a small lobe or subdivision of a lobe
    frontal cortex, frontal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead
    prefrontal cortex, prefrontal lobe
    the anterior part of the frontal lobe
    parietal cortex, parietal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying below the crown of the head
    occipital cortex, occipital lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying in the back of the head
    temporal ccortex, temporal lobe
    that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
    peripheral nervous system, systema nervosum periphericum
    the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
    genital system, reproductive system
    organs and tissues involved in the production and maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring
    apparatus urogenitalis, genitourinary apparatus, genitourinary system, systema urogenitale, urinary apparatus, urinary system, urogenital apparatus, urogenital system
    the system that includes all organs involved in reproduction and in the formation and voidance of urine
    respiratory system, systema respiratorium
    the system for taking in oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide; in terrestrial animals this is accomplished by breathing
    sensory system
    the body's system of sense organs
    tract
    a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose
    vascular system
    the vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of an animal or plant
    reproductive organ, sex organ
    any organ involved in sexual reproduction
    target organ
    (radiology) organ intended to receive the therapeutic dose of a radioactive substance
    taret organ
    (endocrinology) organ most affected by a particular hormone
    labium
    a liplike structure that bounds a bodily orifice (especially any of the four labiate folds of a woman's vulva)
    erectile organ
    an organ containing erectile tissue
    cartilaginous structure
    body structure given shape by cartilage
    appendix, cecal appendage, vermiform appendix, vermiform process
    a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch
    perineum
    the general region between the anus and the genital organs
    caput, head
    the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains
    mastoid, mastoid bone, mastoid process, mastoidal
    process of the temporal bone behind the ear at the base of the skull
    styloid process
    extends from the base of the temporal bone
    pterygoid process
    two bony processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone
    eminence, tubercle, tuberosity
    a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
    fibrous joint, sutura, suture
    an immovable joint (especially between the bones of the skull)
    articulatio synovialis, diarthrosis, synovial joint
    a joint so articulated as to move freely
    zygomatic process
    a slender process of the temporal bone that strengthens the zygomatic arch
    cervix, neck
    the part of an organism (human or animal) that connects the head to the rest of the body
    frill, ruff
    an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal
    side
    either the left or right half of a body
    bust, female chest
    the chest of a woman
    male chest
    the chest of a man
    breast, chest
    the front of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen
    cleavage
    the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts)
    areola, ring of color
    small circular area such as that around the human nipple or an inflamed area around a pimple or insect bite
    middle, midriff, midsection
    the middle area of the human torso (usually in front)
    waist, waistline
    the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips
    underbelly, underbody
    the soft belly or underside of an animal's body
    loins, pubes, pubic region
    the lower part of the abdomen just above the external genital organs
    appendage, extremity, member
    an external body part that projects from the body
    palm, thenar
    the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers
    thenar
    the fleshy area of the palm at the base of the thumb
    extremity
    that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
    trochanter
    one of the bony prominences developed near the upper extremity of the femur to which muscles are attached
    ball
    a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass
    sole
    the underside of the foot
    plate
    any flat platelike body structure or part
    horny structure, unguis
    any rigid body structure composed primarily of keratin
    half-moon, lunula, lunule
    the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail
    frame, skeletal system, skeleton, systema skeletale
    the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
    skeletal structure
    any structure created by the skeleton of an organism
    transverse process
    one of two processes that extend from each vertebra and provide the point of articulation for the ribs
    odontoid process
    a toothlike process at the back of 2nd vertebra of the neck
    costa
    a riblike part of a plant or animal (such as a middle rib of a leaf or a thickened vein of an insect wing)
    metaphysis
    the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
    olecranon, olecranon process
    process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
    head
    the rounded end of a bone that fits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint
    groin, inguen
    the crease at the junction of the inner part of the thigh with the trunk together with the adjacent region and often including the external genitals
    quick
    any area of the body that is highly sensitive to pain (as the flesh underneath the skin or a fingernail or toenail)
    bridge
    the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose
    chin, mentum
    the protruding part of the lower jaw
    face, human face
    the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear
    face
    the part of an animal corresponding to the human face
    brow, forehead
    the part of the face above the eyes
    temple
    the flat area on either side of the forehead
    cheek
    either side of the face below the eyes
    jowl
    a fullness and looseness of the flesh of the lower cheek and jaw (characteristic of aging)
    jaw
    the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth
    ridge
    any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane
    excrescence
    (pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
    rotator cuff
    a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move
    cornu
    (anatomy) any structure that resembles a horn in shape
    corona
    (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape
    receptor
    a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
    zona, zone
    (anatomy) any encircling or beltlike structure
    papilla
    (botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
    enation, plant process
    a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
    armature
    a protective or defensive covering of a plant or animal
    type of:
    part, piece
    a portion of a natural object
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