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Essential Science Vocabulary: Chemistry: Structure and Properties of Matter

Whether you want to brush up on biology, study space science, or prep for a physics test, this collection of science vocabulary is for you! Our lists cover essential terms and concepts from all major scientific disciplines.
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Full list of words from this list:

  1. alloy
    a mixture containing two or more metallic elements
  2. anion
    a particle with a negative electric charge
  3. atom
    the smallest component of an element
  4. bond
    an electrical force linking atoms
  5. cation
    a particle with a positive electric charge
  6. compound
    a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements
  7. conduction
    the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  8. density
    the amount per unit size
  9. ductile
    capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out
  10. electron
    an elementary particle with negative charge
  11. element
    a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
  12. gas
    state of matter distinguished from solid and liquid states
  13. ion
    a particle that is electrically charged positive or negative
  14. isotope
    atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons
  15. liquid
    fluid matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume
  16. malleable
    capable of being shaped or bent
  17. mass
    the property of a body that causes it to have weight
  18. matter
    that which has mass and occupies space
  19. metal
    a chemical element or alloy that is usually a shiny solid
  20. metalloid
    a nonmetallic element that has some of the properties of metal
  21. molecule
    the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
  22. neutron
    a subatomic particle with zero charge
  23. nonmetal
    an element that is a poor conductor and is not shiny
  24. polar
    having a pair of equal and opposite charges
  25. proton
    a stable particle with positive charge
  26. solid
    matter with definite shape at room temperature and pressure
  27. substance
    the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
  28. volume
    the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
Created on August 3, 2021 (updated August 3, 2021)

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