Growth of Our Nation: Chapter 13: Good Times and Hardships, Lessons 1–4

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  1. alliance
    an agreement establishing an association between groups
    An alliance is an agreement among nations to defend each other.
  2. imperialism
    a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
    Imperialism is the policy of trying o take control of other lands and peoples.
  3. militarism
    maintaining a strong force of armed services
    Militarism is a policy in which a country builds up its troops and makes plans for war.
  4. nationalism
    love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
    Nationalism is a strong feeling of pride in one's nation or culture.
  5. isolationism
    a policy of nonparticipation in international relations
    Safe across the Atlantic Ocean, the United States had long followed a policy of isolationism. It wanted to stay out of other countries' affairs.
  6. scarcity
    a small and inadequate amount
    One solution to the food scarcity, or shortage, was a victory garden, also called a war garden.
  7. declaration
    a formal public statement
    On April 2, United States President Woodrow Wilson called for a declaration of war.
  8. honor
    show respect towards
    On this day each year, we honor all Americans who have served in the armed forces.
  9. consumer
    a person who uses goods or services
    Consumers are people who buy and use products and services.
  10. mass production
    the manufacturing of large quantities of goods
    The assembly line allowed Ford to make large numbers of the same car quickly and inexpensively, which made it possible for more Americans to buy one. This process is known as mass production.
  11. consumption
    the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs
    The 1920s became a time of mass consumption, or the large-scale demand for goods.
  12. migration
    the movement of persons from one locality to another
    The flow north grew so large that is was called the Great Migration.
  13. migrant
    traveler who moves from one region or country to another
    In the West and Southwest, great numbers of Latin Americans came to the United States as migrant workers to harvest crops.
  14. root
    the place where something begins
    Jazz is a style of music that has roots in traditional African American sounds and rhythms.
  15. prevent
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
    They were not prevented from voting.
  16. depression
    a long-term economic state with unemployment and low prices
    In that year, a long and severe decline in the economy began. This decline became known as the Great Depression.
  17. unemployment
    the state of not having a job
    Unemployment—the condition of being out of work—was rising.
  18. credit
    money available for a client to borrow
    Instead, they used credit, or borrowed money.
  19. tariff
    a government tax on imports or exports
    A tariff is a tax on imports, or goods from other countries.
  20. test
    the act of trying something out
    For many Americans the Great Depression became a test of their survival skills.
  21. expand
    become larger in size or volume or quantity
    In the 1920s, new technology allowed farming to expand.
  22. measure
    any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
    Relief measures aimed to help the unemployed.
  23. stability
    a constant order, especially of society
    People in some countries were willing to give up freedoms for stability and security.
Created on July 15, 2021 (updated July 16, 2021)

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