A migrant worker is someone who travels for a job––in the U.S., many farm workers migrate from Mexico every year to work on the harvest and then return home when their jobs are over.

If you have traveled into a new country, you are said to have immigrated there, and you are an immigrant. An emigrant is someone who has left. Migrant doesn't refer to whether you are coming in or out––often it means someone who often travels back and forth, like migrant birds who migrate south every winter, year after year.

Definitions of migrant
  1. noun
    traveler who moves from one region or country to another
    synonyms: migrator
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    Daniel Boone
    an American pioneer and guide and explorer (1734-1820)
    James Bowie
    United States pioneer and hero of the Texas revolt against Mexico; he shared command of the garrison that resisted the Mexican attack on the Alamo where he died (1796-1836)
    Martha Jane Burke
    United States frontierswoman and legendary figure of the Wild West noted for her marksmanship (1852-1903)
    Christopher Carson
    United States frontiersman who guided Fremont's expeditions in the 1840s and served as a Union general in the American Civil War (1809-1868)
    Johnny Appleseed
    United States pioneer who planted apple trees as he traveled (1774-1845)
    David Crockett
    United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)
    John Endecott
    born in England; in 1629 he became the founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1588-1665)
    Anne Hutchinson
    American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
    Peter Minnewit
    Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 (1580-1638)
    Miles Standish
    English colonist in America; leader of the Pilgrims in the early days of the Plymouth Colony (1584-1656)
    Roger Williams
    English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683)
    Edward Winslow
    English colonial administrator who traveled to America on the Mayflower and served as the first governor of the Plymouth Colony (1595-1655)
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    departer, goer, leaver
    someone who leaves
    emigrant, emigre, emigree, outgoer
    someone who leaves one country to settle in another
    a person who has been evacuated from a dangerous place
    a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there
    someone who migrates as part of a rush to a new gold field or a new territory
    colonist, settler
    a person who settles in a new colony or moves into new country
    Pilgrim, Pilgrim Father
    one of the colonists from England who sailed to America on the Mayflower and founded the colony of Plymouth in New England in 1620
    one the first colonists or settlers in a new territory
    a settler or prospector (especially in western United States or northwest Canada and Alaska)
    homesteader, nester, squatter
    someone who settles lawfully on government land with the intent to acquire title to it
    type of:
    traveler, traveller
    a person who changes location
  2. adjective
    habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work
    “appalled by the social conditions of migrant life”
    synonyms: migratory
    not settled or established
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