courage when facing danger
But not by will nor
valor could he save them, for their own recklessness destroyed them all
a cause of great suffering and distress
My word, how mortals take the gods to task! All their
afflictions come from us, we hear.
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
But my own heart is broken for Odysseus, the master mind of war, so long a castaway upon an island in the running sea; a wooded island, in the sea’s middle, and there’s a goddess in the place, the daughter of one whose
baleful mind knows all the deeps of the blue sea
a loud, harsh, or strident noise
To be amid the
din, the suitors’ riot, would ruin his guest’s appetite, he thought, and he wished privacy to ask for news about his father, gone for years.
a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
How arrogant they seem, these
gluttons, making free here in your house!
the act of despoiling a country in warfare
If you choose to slaughter one man’s livestock and pay nothing, this is
qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen
“Telemakhos, no doubt the gods themselves are teaching you this high and mighty manner. Zeus forbid you should be king in Ithaka, though you are
eligible as your father’s son.”
violent and needless disturbance
But keep your property, and rule your house, and let no man, against your will, make
havoc of your possessions, while there’s life on Ithaka.
bestow or expend profusely
lavished on him a sunlit grace that held the eye of the multitude.
aggressive or outright boldness
A wave of sympathy ran through the crowd, all hushed; and no one there had the
audacity to answer harshly except Antmoos, who said: “What high and mighty talk, Telemakhos! No holding you!"
Now Zeus who views the wide world sent a sign to him, launching a pair of eagles from a mountain crest in gliding flight down the soft blowing wind, wing-tip to wing-tip quivering taut, companions, till high above the assembly of many voices they wheeled, their dense wings beating, and in havoc dropped on the heads of the crowd—a deathly omen—
wielding their talons, tearing cheeks and throats
Let no man holding scepter as a king be thoughtful, mild, kindly, or
virtuous; let him be cruel, and practice evil ways; it is so clear that no one here remembers how like a gentle father Odysseus ruled you.
transparently clear; easily understandable
Athena was nearby and came to him, putting on Mentor’s figure and his tone, the warm voice in a
lucid flight of words
discretion in practical affairs
The son is rare who measures with his father, and one in a thousand is a better man, but you will have the sap and wit and
prudence—for you get that from Odysseus—to give you a fair chance of winning through.
the act of pouring a liquid offering as a religious ceremony
Now they made all secure in the fast black ship, and, setting out the winebowls all a-brim, they made
libation to the gods, the undying, the ever-new, most of all to the grey-eyed daughter of Zeus.
pose a series of questions to
I have no practice in elaborate speeches, and for a young man to
interrogate an old man seems disrespectful
status established in order of importance or urgency
Athena liked his manners, and the equity that gave her
precedence with the cup of gold
harangued them to get organized—time to ride home on the sea’s broad back, he said; but Agamemnon wouldn’t hear of it.
working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
I’d be revenged for outrage on my
insidious and brazen enemies.
a person who is very poor
Now Zeus forbid, and the other gods as well, that you should spend the night on board, and leave me as though I were some
pauper without a stitch, no blankets in his house, no piles of rugs, no sleeping soft for host or guest!
a descendent or heir
And that day, too, he brought Alektor’s daughter to marry his tall
scion, Megapenthes, born of a slave girl during the long war
sadness resulting from being forsaken or abandoned
You must have heard your fathers tell my story, whoever your fathers are; you must know of my life, the anguish I once had, and the great house full of my treasure, left in
harmful or evil in intent or effect
It had been supplied her by Polydamna, mistress of Lord Thon, in Egypt, where the rich plantations grow herbs of all kinds,
maleficent and healthful; and no one else knows medicine as they do, Egyptian heirs of Paian, the healing god.
incapable of failure or error
let me tell you what the Ancient of the Sea, who is
infallible, said to me—every word.
resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility
But here the nymph, again, came to our rescue, dabbing ambrosia under each man’s nose—a perfume drowning out the
give a false appearance of
Old one, you know the reason—why
feign not to know?
a natural elevation
One is alive, a castaway at sea; the other, Aias, perished with all hands—though first Poseidon landed him on Gyrai
promontory, and saved him from the ocean.
a cruel and brutal fellow
I would be seen among those
ruffians, hateful as they are. I might well say a word, then, to my son, for his own good—tell him to shun that crowd
And show more grace in your obedience, or be
chastised by Zeus.
changeable or inconstant
Son of Laertes,
versatile Odysseus, after these years with me, you still desire your old home?
dangerous to health
What a dear welcome thing life seems to children whose father, in the extremity, recovers after some weakening and
worn and broken down by hard use
O hear me, lord of the stream: how sorely I depend upon your mercy!
derelict as I am by the sea’s anger.
be fatally overwhelmed
In vigil through the night here by the river how can I not
succumb, being weak and sick, to the night’s damp and hoarfrost of the morning?
failing in what duty requires
remiss, and yet thy mother’s daughter? leaving thy clothes uncared for, Nausikaa, when soon thou must have store of marriage linen
strike against forcefully
so came out rustling, like a mountain lion, rain-drenched, wind-buffeted, but in his might at ease, with burning eyes
The Olympian gods cannot be all
averse to this man’s coming here among our islanders. Uncouth he seemed, I thought so, too, before; but now he looks like one of heaven’s people.
remote in manner
O listen to me now—thou so
aloof while the Earthshaker wrecked and battered me.
courteous regard for people's feelings
He prayed for that, and Pallas Athena heard him—although in
deference to her father’s brother she would not show her true form to Odysseus,
at whom Poseidon smoldered on until the kingly man came home to his own shore.
indicating favorable circumstances and good luck
But cliffs and rock shoals made that place forbidding, so I turned back, swimming off shore, and came in the end to a river, to
auspicious water, with smooth beach and a rise that broke the wind.
a stock or supply of foods
But she gave me good
provender and good red wine, a river bath, and finally this clothing.