Use the noun rapine when you're talking about the deliberate destruction of a town or country during war, especially when it involves theft.

Unfortunately, rapine is a part of most warfare — invading troops destroying buildings and homes as they advance, taking whatever they choose. It's more commonly called plunder or pillage, with rapine being used most often in a literary context. The Latin root is rapina, "act of robbery," which in turn comes from rapere, "seize" or "carry off."

Definitions of rapine

n the act of despoiling a country in warfare

Type of:
pillage, pillaging, plundering
the act of stealing valuable things from a place

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