insidious

If something is slowly and secretly causing harm, it's insidious — like the rumors no one seems to listen to until suddenly someone's reputation is ruined.

Insidious is related to the Latin noun, īnsidiae meaning "ambush" which comes from the Latin verb, īnsidēre "to lie in wait for." This is very fitting as an insidious rumor or problem is one whose negative effect is not realized until the damage is already done. Similarly, an insidious disease develops internally without symptoms, so that you don't realize right away that you are sick.

Definitions of insidious
  1. adjective
    working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
    “glaucoma is an insidious disease”
    synonyms: pernicious, subtle
    harmful
    causing or capable of causing harm
  2. adjective
    intended to entrap
    Synonyms:
    dangerous, unsafe
    involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
  3. adjective
    beguiling but harmful
    insidious pleasures”
    Synonyms:
    seductive
    tending to entice into a desired action or state
Commonly confused words

insidious / invidious

Neither insidious nor invidious are happy words: insidious describes something that lies in wait to get you, and invidious is something offensive or defamatory. Cancer can be insidious, lurking in your body without your knowing it. Invidious doesn’t hide; it’s hateful right away.

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