a violent wind
Through storms and
tempests he the virgin bore,
And lands her safe on the Dictean shore;
Where now, in his divinest form array'd,
In his true shape he captivates the maid;
severe and unremitting in making demands
When now Agenor had his daughter lost,
He sent his son to search on ev'ry coast;
And sternly bid him to his arms restore
The darling maid, or see his face no more,
But live an exile in a foreign clime;
one praying humbly for something
He goes a
suppliant to the Delphic dome;
There asks the God what new appointed home
Should end his wand'rings, and his toils relieve.
state of subjection to an owner or master
No sooner had he left the dark abode,
Big with the promise of the Delphic God,
When in the fields the fatal cow he view'd,
Nor gall'd with yokes, nor worn with
Three tongues he
brandish'd when he charg'd his foes;
His teeth stood jaggy in three dreadful rows.
likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease
All their endeavours and their hopes are vain;
Some die entangled in the winding train;
Some are devour'd, or feel a loathsome death,
Swollen up with blasts of
being of the underworld
And now his rage, increasing with his pain,
Reddens his eyes, and beats in ev'ry vein;
Churn'd in his teeth the foamy venom rose,
Whilst from his mouth a blast of vapours flows,
Such as th'
infernal Stygian waters cast.
a small cave, usually with attractive features
The chaste Diana's private haunt, there stood
Full in the centre of the darksome wood
grotto, all around o'er-grown
With hoary moss, and arch'd with pumice-stone.
standing above others in quality or position
Then in a huddle round their Goddess prest:
eminent above the rest,
With blushes glow'd; such blushes as adorn
The ruddy welkin, or the purple morn;
ask for humbly or earnestly, as in prayer
His servants with a piteous look he spies,
And turns about his
aggravate her hate, she heard
How Semele, to Jove's embrace preferr'd,
Was now grown big with an immortal load,
And carried in her womb a future God.
lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality
decrepit shape she wears,
Her wrinkled visage, and her hoary hairs;
Whilst in her trembling gait she totters on,
And learns to tattle in the nurse's tone.
influence by slyness
The Goddess, thus disguis'd in age, beguil'd
With pleasing stories her false foster-child.
make less active or intense
And yet, the dazzling lustre to
He set not out in all his pomp and state,
Clad in the mildest light'ning of the skies,
And arm'd with thunder of the smallest size:
cool (hot metal) by plunging into cold water or other liquid
For the rough Cyclops, who by Jove's command
Temper'd the bolt, and turn'd it to his hand,
Work'd up less flame and fury in its make,
quench'd it sooner in the standing lake.
swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught
As to his queen in nectar bowls he
"In troth," says he, and as he spoke he laugh'd,
"The sense of pleasure in the male is far
More dull and dead, than what you females share."
full of anxiety and concern
The tender dame,
solicitous to know
Whether her child should reach old age or no,
Consults the sage Tiresias, who replies,
"If e'er he knows himself he surely dies."
speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly
And then she cried, "That tongue, for this thy crime,
Which could so many subtle tales produce,
Shall be hereafter but of little use."
Hence 'tis she
prattles in a fainter tone,
With mimic sounds, and accents not her own.
sorrowful through loss or deprivation
Where pining wander'd the rejected fair,
'Till harrass'd out, and worn away with care,
The sounding skeleton, of blood
Besides her bones and voice had nothing left.
"Bereft" also means "unhappy in love; suffering from unrequited love"--this describes how Echo is feeling, but the example sentence is using the adjective to describe how her lovesickness over Narcissus causes her to wander for so long that she is bereft of blood and becomes nothing more than a skeleton with a voice.
an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes
In such a maze of love my thoughts are lost:
And yet no
bulwark'd town, nor distant coast,
Preserves the beauteous youth from being seen,
No mountains rise, nor oceans flow between.
reject with contempt
My charms an easy conquest have obtain'd
O'er other hearts, by thee alone
going beyond what is appropriate, permitted, or courteous
Th' unhallow'd Pentheus only durst deride
The cheated people, and their eyeless guide.
To whom the prophet in his fury said,
Shaking the hoary honours of his head:
presumptuous man, 'twere well for thee
If thou wert eyeless too, and blind, like me:
When a person "presumes," he thinks he knows more than he knows, and Pentheus thinks he knows more than a prophet, which leads him to act presumptuously by deriding ("treat or speak of with contempt") the prophet and all the people who worship Bacchus.
invulnerable to fear or intimidation
Thus did th'
audacious wretch those rites profane;
His friends dissuade th'
audacious wretch in vain:
In vain his grandsire urg'd him to give o'er
His impious threats; the wretch but raves the more.
"Audacious" also means "unrestrained by convention or propriety"--this definition is suggested by the words "impious" and "profane" ("violate the sacred character of a place or language") but since Pentheus does not believe that Bacchus is a god, he audaciously wants to punish the impostor, whom he believes is being audacious ("disposed to venture or take risks") in his kingdom.
marked by active interest and enthusiasm
The God they found not in the frantic throng,
But dragg'd a
zealous votary along.
arousing to action or rebellion
"Vile slave! whom speedy vengeance shall pursue,
And terrify thy base
Thy country and thy parentage reveal,
And, why thou joinest in these mad Orgies, tell."
extreme greed for material wealth
To the same purpose old Epopeus spoke,
Who over-look'd the oars, and tim'd the stroke;
The same the pilot, and the same the rest;
avarice their souls possest.
disposed to treat guests and strangers with generosity
To Naxos then direct your course, said he;
hospitable port shall be
To each of you, a joyful home to me.
intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
officious servants hurry him away,
And the poor captive in a dungeon lay.
having a gray or brown streak or a patchy coloring
Her leafy jav'lin at her son she cast,
And cries, "The boar that lays our country waste!
The boar, my sisters! Aim the fatal dart,
And strike the
brindled monster to the heart."
gruesomely indicative of death or the dead
His mother howl'd; and, heedless of his pray'r,
Her trembling hand she twisted in his hair,
"And this," she cried, "shall be Agave's share,"
When from the neck his struggling head she tore,
And in her hands the
ghastly visage bore.
"Ghastly" also means "shockingly repellent; inspiring horror"--both definitions are fitting descriptions of the head of Pentheus, which ripped from his body, indicates that he's dead, and in the hands of his spellbound mother, inspires horror in others.