someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
Mal (bad) + facere (to perform) = malefactor--in the example sentence, Medea describes the mountains as malefactors that need to be punished by the winds. But the winds could also be seen as malefactors since they are "lawless" and uproot oaks. And Medea is a malefactor since 1) she would be the one controlling the winds; 2) she worships Hecate, the goddess of sorcery and black magic.
And stubborn lawless winds obey my call:
With mutter'd words disarm'd the viper's jaw;
Up by the roots vast oaks, and rocks cou'd draw,
Make forests dance, and trembling mountains come,
Like malefactors, to receive their doom;
having an import not apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; beyond ordinary understanding
Note the alliteration that emphasizes the sound of Medea's mystic murmurs--these alarm the gods below the earth because she is magically trying to keep Aeson from them by helping him to live longer than the Fates had intended.
New wine she pours, and milk from th' udder warm,
With mystic murmurs to complete the charm,
And subterranean deities alarm.
consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds
Then, from the bottom of her conj'ring bag,
Snakes' skins, and liver of a long-liv'd stag;
Last a crow's head to such an age arriv'd,
That he had now nine centuries surviv'd;
These, and with these a thousand more that grew
In sundry soils, into her pot she threw;
influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
From Middle French, aveugler, the word literally means "to delude, make blind"--"inveigle," "wile," "beguile," and "dissemble" all connect to deceit, which Medea uses to convince the daughters of Pelias to shed their father's blood.
His guiltless daughters, with inveigling wiles,
And well dissembled friendship, she beguiles:
The strange achievements of her art she tells,
With Aeson's cure, and long on that she dwells,
'Till them to firm persuasion she has won,
The same for their old father may be done:
in an advanced state of decomposition and having a foul odor
Since Pelias is not dead yet, his gore should not be putrid, but Medea could also be using "putrid" to mean "morally corrupt or evil"--while she would not want this meaning to be obvious to the daughters, she planned this in order to take revenge on the man who had stolen the throne from her beloved's father and then sent Jason on a dangerous mission to retrieve the Golden Fleece.
Come-drench your weapons in his putrid gore;
'Tis charity to wound, when wounding will restore.
tending to betray; especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans
"Treacherous" also means "dangerously unstable and unpredictable"--this could be a fitting description for Medea, who killed her own children to get revenge on her cheating husband. But in the example sentence, the treachery that Aegeus is focused on is Medea betraying him and the kingdom by trying to kill his son.
The gen'rous king, altho' o'er-joy'd to find
His son was safe, yet bearing still in mind
The mischief by his treacherous queen design'd;
The horrour of the deed, and then how near
The danger drew, he stands congeal'd with fear.