having or conferring glory
'Till pressing forward through the bright abode,
He saw at distance the
He saw at distance, or the dazling light
Had flash'd too strongly on his aching sight.
"Illustrious" also means "widely known and esteemed"--this applies to the Sun God Phoebus, but the chosen definition fits the example sentence better because it describes the glory or "brilliant radiant beauty" that is emphasized by the "dazzling light" that hurts Phaeton's sight.
raise in rank, character, or status
The God sits high,
exalted on a throne
Of blazing gems, with purple garments on;
covered with fine whitish hairs or down
Here Spring appears with flow'ry chaplets bound;
Here Summer in her wheaten garland crown'd;
Here Autumn the rich trodden grapes besmear;
hoary Winter shivers in the rear.
feel sorry for; be contrite about
repented of the oath he took,
For anguish thrice his radiant head he shook;
"My son," says he, "some other proof require,
Rash was my promise, rash is thy desire.
a very steep cliff
Tethys herself has fear'd to see me driv'n
Down headlong from the
precipice of Heav'n.
relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven
Still anxious for his son, the God of day,
To make him proof against the burning ray,
His temples with
celestial ointment wet,
Of sov'reign virtue to repel the heat;
make less fast or intense
"Take this at least, this last advice, my son,
Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on:
The coursers of themselves will run too fast,
Your art must be to
moderate their haste.
to cause to separate and go in different directions
See, while I speak, the shades
Aurora gives the promise of a day;
great in size, force, extent, or degree
Now all the horrors of the Heav'ns he spies,
And monstrous shadows of
That, deck'd with stars, lie scatter'd o'er the skies.
a very intense and uncontrolled fire
conflagration spreads below.
But these are trivial ills: whole cities burn,
And peopled kingdoms into ashes turn.
an inscription in memory of a buried person
And o'er the tomb an
"Here he, who drove the sun's bright chariot, lies;
His father's fiery steeds he cou'd not guide,
But in the glorious enterprise he died."
characterized by abundance of verdure
She tears the bark that to each body cleaves,
And from their
verdant fingers strips the leaves:
The blood came trickling, where she tore away
The leaves and bark: the maids were heard to say,
"Forbear, mistaken parent, oh! forbear;
A wounded daughter in each tree you tear;
"Verdure" means the green, lush, growing nature of leaves or other vegetation, and indicates a healthy condition or state. In the example sentence, the verdant leaves contrast with red blood, both of which come from Phaeton's sisters, who have turned into trees from their grief.
transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity
limpid streams their radiant treasure show,
Mixt in the sand; whence the rich drops convey'd
Shine in the dress of the bright Latian maid.
Meanwhile Apollo in a gloomy shade
(The native lustre of his brows decay'd)
Indulging sorrow, sickens at the sight
Of his own sun-shine, and
abhors the light;
case for holding arrows
Now in her hand a slender spear she bore,
Now a light
quiver on her shoulders wore;
unworthiness by virtue of lacking higher values
This boy shall stand a living mark, to prove
baseness and the strumpet's love:
seize and take control without authority
You'll see, when night has cover'd all things o'er,
Jove's starry bastard and triumphant whore
Usurp the Heav'ns;
But you, ye
venerable Pow'rs, be kind,
And, if my wrongs a due resentment find,
Receive not in your waves their setting beams,
Nor let the glaring strumpet taint your streams."
act or move at high speed
hasten to a brute, a maid no more;
But why, alas! am I transform'd all o'er?
intended to entrap
The theft an old
insidious peasant view'd
(They call'd him Battus in the neighbourhood),
Hir'd by a wealthy Pylian prince to feed
His fav'rite mares, and watch the gen'rous breed.
The thievish God suspected him, and took
The hind aside, and thus in whispers spoke:
"Discover not the theft, whoe'er thou be,
And take that milk-white
heifer for thy fee."
of imposing height; especially standing out above others
This done, the God flew up on high, and pass'd
lofty Athens, by Minerva grac'd,
And wide Munichia, whilst his eyes survey
All the vast region that beneath him lay.
"Lofty" also means "having or displaying great dignity or nobility" and "of high moral or intellectual value"--although the example sentence is focused on the physical height of the city that the God (Mercury) is flying over, all three definitions would be fitting for Athens.
characterized by ceremony and stately display
The God well pleas'd beheld the
And saw the bright procession pass below;
Remember that the melody "Pomp and Circumstance" plays when graduates enter the graduation ceremony. While graduates might connect to the other definition of "pompous" ("puffed up with vanity"), the maids in the bright procession would not, because they are returning from paying homage to the goddess Minerva and are described as "solemn" ("dignified and somber in manner or character").
make amorous advances towards
"I come," replied the God, "from Heav'n, to
Your sister, and to make an aunt of you;
affected by something overwhelming
Full of the dream, Aglauros pin'd away
In tears all night, in darkness all the day;
Consum'd like ice, that just begins to run,
smitten by the distant sun;
"Smitten" is the past participle of "smite" which means "inflict a heavy blow on, with the hand, a tool, or a weapon" and "affect suddenly with deep feeling"--both definitions fit, because Aglauros was stroked by the hands of Envy and stung with prickly thorns. This causes her to hate the god who, smitten with her sister, asked for her help. She is compared to ice that is smitten by the sun, but instead of melting, she is transformed into marble when she breaks her promise to the god.
requiring sitting or little activity
She sits unmov'd, and freezes to a stone.
But still her envious hue and sullen mien
Are in the
sedentary figure seen.
satisfy, as thirst
When now the God his fury had
And taken vengeance of the stubborn maid,
From where the bright Athenian turrets rise
He mounts aloft, and re-ascends the skies.
lifted up or set high
Jove saw him enter the
And, as he mix'd among the crowd of Gods,
Beckon'd him out, and drew him from the rest,
And in soft whispers thus his will exprest.
"Sublime" also means "worthy of adoration or reverence" and "inspiring awe" and "of high moral or intellectual value"--while the example sentence focuses on Mercury flying up into the sky to enter Olympus, these three definitions could also describe the home of the Gods.
have a desire for something or someone who is not present
His eye-balls rowl'd, not formidably bright,
But gaz'd and
languish'd with a gentle light.
casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
'Till now grown
wanton and devoid of fear,
Not knowing that she prest the Thunderer,
She plac'd her self upon his back, and rode
O'er fields and meadows, seated on the God.