Gold Rush Words

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definitions & notes only words
  1. first-come-first-serve
    not accepting reservations
  2. gold rush
    a large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field
  3. forty-niner
    a miner who took part in the California gold rush in 1849
  4. niner
    the cardinal number that is the sum of eight and one
  5. Rush
    physician and American Revolutionary leader
  6. placer mining
    mining valuable minerals from a placer by washing or dredging
  7. abandoned ship
    a ship abandoned on the high seas
  8. tailrace
    a watercourse that carries water away from a mill or water wheel or turbine
  9. prefabricate
    produce synthetically, artificially, or stereotypically and unoriginally
  10. goldfields
    small slender woolly annual with very narrow opposite leaves and branches bearing solitary golden-yellow flower heads; southwestern Oregon to Baja California and Arizona; often cultivated
  11. gold-bearing
    containing gold
  12. California
    a state in the western United States on the Pacific
  13. gold
    a soft yellow malleable ductile metallic element
  14. goldfield
    a district where gold is mined
  15. James Polk
    11th President of the United States
  16. eighter
    the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one
  17. groundbreaking ceremony
    the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project
  18. sea floor
    the bottom of a sea or ocean
  19. arriver
    someone who arrives (or has arrived)
  20. prospector
    someone who explores an area for mineral deposits
  21. placer
    an alluvial deposit that contains particles of some valuable mineral
  22. dot-com
    a company that operates its business primarily on the internet using a URL that ends in `.com'
  23. mining
    the act of extracting ores or coal from the earth
  24. Isthmus of Panama
    the isthmus that connects Central America and South America
  25. Mexican-American
    a Mexican living in the United States
  26. movie maker
    a producer of motion pictures
  27. miner
    laborer who extracts ores and minerals
  28. western United States
    the region of the United States lying to the west of the Mississippi River
  29. preemption
    the right to purchase something in advance of others
  30. seeker
    someone making a search or inquiry
  31. magma
    molten rock in the earth's crust
  32. Genova
    a seaport in northwestern Italy
  33. vigilantism
    the actions of a vigilance committee in trying to enforce the laws
  34. licensing fee
    a fee paid to the government for the privilege of being licensed to do something (as selling liquor or practicing medicine)
  35. Trinity River
    a river in eastern Texas that is formed near Dallas and flows generally southeastward to Galveston Bay
  36. argonaut
    someone engaged in a dangerous but potentially rewarding adventure
  37. hydraulic
    moved or operated or effected by liquid
  38. ghost town
    a deserted settlement (especially in western United States)
  39. ethnicity
    an affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties
  40. separate out
    remove by passing through a filter
  41. East Coast
    the eastern seaboard of the United States
  42. steamship
    a ship powered by one or more steam engines
  43. steamship company
    a line responsible for the operation of a fleet of steamships
  44. San Francisco
    a port in western California near the Golden Gate that is one of the major industrial and transportation centers; it has one of the world's finest harbors; site of the Golden Gate Bridge
  45. river bottom
    a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a river
  46. gravel
    rock fragments and pebbles
  47. February 2
    if the ground hog emerges and sees his shadow on this day, there will be 6 more weeks of winter
  48. Sonora
    ground snakes
  49. paper currency
    currency issued by a government or central bank and consisting of printed paper that can circulate as a substitute for specie
  50. Sacramento River
    a river in northern California rising near Mount Shasta and flowing south to the San Francisco Bay
  51. eastern United States
    the region of the United States lying to the north of the Ohio River and to the east of the Mississippi River
  52. tectonic
    pertaining to the structure or movement of the earth's crust
  53. Shasta
    a member of the Indian people of northern California and southern Oregon
  54. gold fever
    greed and the contagious excitement of a gold rush
  55. Sacramento
    a city in north central California 75 miles to the northeast of San Francisco on the Sacramento River; capital of California
  56. newspaper publisher
    the proprietor of a newspaper
  57. arrive
    reach a destination
  58. immigrant
    a person who comes to a country in order to settle there
  59. Sierra Nevada
    a mountain range in southern Spain along the Mediterranean coast to the east of Granada
  60. riverbed
    a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a river
  61. retrieve
    get or find back; recover the use of
  62. isthmus
    a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas
  63. gaming house
    a public building in which a variety of games of chance can be played (operated as a business)
  64. Veracruz
    a major Mexican port on the Gulf of Mexico in the state of Veracruz
  65. mother lode
    the main vein of ore in a deposit
  66. 1850s
    the decade from 1850 to 1859
  67. Native American
    of or pertaining to American Indians or their culture or languages
  68. license fee
    a fee paid to the government for the privilege of being licensed to do something (as selling liquor or practicing medicine)
  69. approximately
    imprecise but fairly close to correct
  70. property right
    the legal right of ownership
  71. overland
    traveling or passing over land
  72. sailing boat
    a small sailing vessel; usually with a single mast
  73. pay dirt
    ore that yields a substantial profit to the miner
  74. downstream
    in the direction of a stream's current
  75. Golden State
    a state in the western United States on the Pacific
  76. present-day
    belonging to the present time
  77. Mexican
    of or relating to Mexico or its inhabitants
  78. mine
    excavation from which ores and minerals are extracted
  79. military control
    the control of a country by military forces of a foreign power
  80. dredge
    a power shovel to remove material from a channel or riverbed
  81. diggings
    an excavation for ore or precious stones or for archaeology
  82. growing pains
    emotional distress arising during adolescence
  83. state highway
    a broad highway designed for high-speed traffic
  84. silt
    mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake
  85. quartz
    a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
  86. 1890s
    the decade from 1890 to 1899
  87. land grant
    a grant of public land (as to a railway or college)
  88. fend for
    argue or speak in defense of
  89. boardinghouse
    a private house that provides accommodations and meals for paying guests
  90. landfill
    an area where waste is disposed of by burying it underground
  91. sluice
    conduit that carries a rapid flow of water
  92. 1880s
    the decade from 1880 to 1889
  93. Panama
    a republic on the Isthmus of Panama
  94. business district
    the central area or commercial center of a town or city
  95. plant life
    (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
  96. United States government
    the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  97. nautical mile
    a unit of length used in navigation
  98. groundbreaking
    the ceremonial breaking of the ground to formally begin a construction project
  99. rough-and-ready
    crude but effective for the purpose at hand
  100. alertly
    in mentally perceptive and responsive way
  101. place name
    the name by which a geographical place is known
  102. Marshall
    United States actor (1914-1998)
  103. geologic
    of or relating to or based on geology
  104. forty
    the cardinal number that is the product of ten and four
  105. recover
    regain or make up for
  106. well-preserved
    used of older persons who are healthy
  107. heavy metal
    a metal of relatively high density (specific gravity greater than about 5) or of high relative atomic weight (especially one that is poisonous like mercury or lead)
  108. sandbar
    a bar of sand
  109. gambling house
    a public building in which a variety of games of chance can be played (operated as a business)
  110. estimate
    judge tentatively
  111. covered wagon
    a large wagon with broad wheels and an arched canvas top
  112. long tom
    a long swivel cannon formerly used by the navy
  113. foothill
    a relatively low hill on the lower slope of a mountain
  114. business enterprise
    the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects
  115. American Dream
    the widespread aspiration of Americans to live better than their parents did
  116. merchant
    a businessperson engaged in retail trade
  117. erode
    remove soil or rock
  118. squatter
    someone who settles on land without right or title
  119. typically
    in a manner conforming to a type
  120. final stage
    the concluding parts of an event or occurrence
  121. Bret Harte
    United States writer noted for his stories about life during the California gold rush (1836-1902)
  122. claim
    assert or affirm strongly
  123. inventiveness
    the power of creative imagination
  124. pollutant
    waste matter that contaminates the water, air, or soil
  125. crime rate
    the ratio of crimes in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  126. solidified
    changed into a solid mass
  127. Nevada
    a state in the southwestern United States
  128. byproduct
    a secondary and sometimes unexpected consequence
  129. Taoist
    of or relating to the philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life
  130. Chile
    a republic in southern South America on the western slopes of the Andes on the south Pacific coast
  131. locally
    by a particular locality
  132. banknote
    a piece of paper money
  133. sierra
    a range of mountains
  134. oriented
    adjusted or located in relation to surroundings
  135. mining company
    a company that owns and manages mines
  136. United States
    North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  137. collaborate
    work together on a common enterprise or project
  138. native
    belonging to one by birth
  139. enslavement
    the act of making slaves of your captives
  140. substantial
    real; having a material or factual existence
  141. accessible
    capable of being reached
  142. rockers
    originally a British youth subculture that evolved out of the teddy boys in the 1960s; wore black leather jackets and jeans and boots; had greased hair and rode motorcycles and listened to rock'n'roll; were largely unskilled manual laborers
  143. bedrock
    solid unweathered rock beneath surface deposits of soil
  144. entrepreneur
    someone who organizes a business venture
  145. digging
    the act of digging
  146. influx
    the process of flowing in
  147. Eureka
    a town in northwest California on an arm of the Pacific Ocean
  148. football league
    a league of football teams
  149. U.S. Congress
    the legislature of the United States government
  150. colonization
    the act of settling a group of people in a new place
  151. Sandwich Islands
    a group of volcanic and coral islands in the central Pacific
  152. sailing
    the work of a sailor
  153. high-pressure
    aggressively and persistently persuasive
  154. world-class
    ranking above all others
  155. eroded
    worn away as by water or ice or wind
  156. orient
    the eastern hemisphere
  157. backwater
    a body of water that was created by a flood or tide
  158. Carolinas
    the area of the states of North Carolina and South Carolina
  159. environmental
    of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  160. united
    being or joined into a single entity
  161. state
    the way something is with respect to its main attributes
  162. recovered
    freed from illness or injury
  163. boom
    a deep prolonged loud noise
  164. indelibly
    in an indelible manner
  165. ship
    a vessel that carries passengers or freight
  166. economically
    in a manner using the minimum of time or resources
  167. cholera
    an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  168. encompassing
    closely encircling
  169. typhoid fever
    serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
  170. on average
  171. include
    have as a part, be made up out of
  172. abandoned
    forsaken by owner or inhabitants
  173. locale
    the scene of any event or action
  174. route
    an established line of travel or access
  175. violent death
    an event that causes someone to die
  176. jackass
    a man who is a stupid incompetent fool
  177. Chinese
    of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures
  178. wealthy man
    a man who is wealthy
  179. Mexico
    a republic in southern North America
  180. take five
    take a break for five minutes
  181. calamitous
    having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences
  182. arbitrator
    someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
  183. primarily
    for the most part
  184. discovery
    the act of finding something
  185. solidify
    become firm

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