Colonization is the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin. Remember when the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock? That was the beginning of a period of colonization.

You may have heard of an ant colony, which is a community of ants that decided to set up shop in a particular place; this is an example of ant colonization. With humans, colonization is sometimes seen as a negative act because it tends to involve an invading culture establishing political control over an indigenous population (the people living there before the arrival of the settlers).

Definitions of colonization

n the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies

“the British colonization of America”
colonisation, settlement
the act of populating (causing to live in a place)
Type of:
constitution, establishment, formation, organisation, organization
the act of forming or establishing something

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