toiled and sweated to get the hay in!
put on leather straps fitted to a draft animal
Boxer and Clover would
harness themselves to the cutter or the horse-rake (no bits or reins were needed in these days, of course) and tramp steadily round and round the field with a pig walking behind and calling out “Gee up, comrade!" or “Whoa back, comrade!” as the case might be.
avoid one's assigned duties
Nobody stole, nobody grumbled over his rations, the quarreling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared. Nobody
shirked—or almost nobody.
raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help
First came the
hoisting of the flag.
discuss the pros and cons of an issue
Here the work of the coming week was planned out and resolutions were put forward and
a formal expression by a meeting, agreed to by a vote
It was always the pigs who put forward the
resolutions.The other animals understood how to vote, but could never think of any
resolutions of their own.
garden consisting of a small cultivated wood
Even when it was resolved—a thing no one could object to in itself-—to set aside the small paddock behind the
orchard as a home of rest for animals who were past work, there was a stormy debate over the correct retiring age for each class of animal.
brought from wildness into a domesticated state
He formed the Egg Production Committee for the hens, the Clean Tails League for the cows, the Wild Comrades’ Re-education Committee (the object of this was to
tame the rats and rabbits), the Whiter Wool Movement for the sheep, and various others, besides instituting classes in reading and writing.
a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits
After much thought Snowball declared that the Seven Commandments could in effect be reduced to a single
maxim, namely: “four legs good, two legs bad.”
fruit that has fallen from the tree
The early apples were now ripening, and the grass of the orchard was littered with
Its owner was a Mr. Frederick, a tough, shrewd man,
perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains.
die of food deprivation
The whole thing would be over in a fortnight, they said.They put it about that the animals on the Manor Farm (they insisted on calling it the Manor Farm; they would not tolerate the name “Animal Farm”) were perpetually fighting among themselves and were also rapidly
starving to death.
propel with force
As the human beings approached the farm buildings, Snowball
launched his first attack.
the muscular back part of the shank
All the pigeons, to the number of thirty-five, flew to and fro over the men’s heads and muted upon them from mid-air; and while the men were dealing with this, the geese, who had been hiding behind the hedge, rushed out and pecked viciously at the
calves of their legs.
withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position
But once again the men, with their sticks and their hobnailed boots, were too strong for them; and suddenly, at a squeal from Snowball, which was the signal for
retreat, all the animals turned and fled through the gateway into the yard.
concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise
As soon as they were well inside the yard, the three horses, the three cows, and the rest of the pigs, who had been lying in
ambush in the cowshed, suddenly emerged in their rear, cutting them off.
a farm building for housing horses or other livestock
His very first blow took a
stable-lad from Foxwood on the skull and stretched him lifeless in the mud.
There was also “Animal Hero, Second Class,” which was conferred
posthumously on the dead sheep.
Bulls which had always been
tractable suddenly turned savage, sheep broke down hedges and devoured the clover, cows kicked the pail over, hunters refused their fences and shot their riders on to the other side.
without advance preparation
impromptu celebration of the victory was held immediately.