toiled and sweated to get the hay in!
put on leather straps fitted to a draft animal
Boxer and Clover would
harness themselves to the cutter or the horse-rake (no bits or reins were needed in these days, of course) and tramp steadily round and round the field with a pig walking behind and calling out “Gee up, comrade!" or “Whoa back, comrade!” as the case might be.
petty or reluctant in giving or spending
Every mouthful of food was an acute positive pleasure, now that it was truly their own food, produced by themselves and for themselves, not doled out to them by a
material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem
They met with many difficulties—for instance, later in the year, when they harvested the corn, they had to tread it out in the ancient style and blow away the
chaff with their breath, since the farm possessed no threshing machine—but the pigs with their cleverness and Boxer with his tremendous muscles always pulled them through.
beat the seeds out of a grain
They met with many difficulties—for instance, later in the year, when they harvested the corn, they had to tread it out in the ancient style and blow away the chaff with their breath, since the farm possessed no
threshing machine—but the pigs with their cleverness and Boxer with his tremendous muscles always pulled them through.
avoid one's assigned duties
Nobody stole, nobody grumbled over his rations, the quarreling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared. Nobody
shirked—or almost nobody.
marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield
He did his work in the same slow
obstinate way as he had done it in Jones's time, never shirking and never volunteering for extra work either.
of an obscure nature
When asked whether he was not happier now that Jones was gone, he would say only "Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey," and the others had to be content with this
raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help
First came the
hoisting of the flag.
a formal expression by a meeting, agreed to by a vote
It was always the pigs who put forward the
resolutions.The other animals understood how to vote, but could never think of any
resolutions of their own.
showing sustained enthusiasm with unflagging vitality
indefatigable at this.
a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits
After much thought Snowball declared that the Seven Commandments could in effect be reduced to a single
maxim, namely: “four legs good, two legs bad.”
It happened that Jessie and Bluebell had both
whelped soon after the hay harvest, giving birth between them to nine sturdy puppies.
fruit that has fallen from the tree
The early apples were now ripening, and the grass of the orchard was littered with
marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
Its owner was a Mr. Frederick, a tough,
shrewd man, perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains.
Its owner was a Mr. Frederick, a tough, shrewd man,
perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains.
Bulls which had always been
tractable suddenly turned savage, sheep broke down hedges and devoured the clover, cows kicked the pail over, hunters refused their fences and shot their riders on to the other side.
deserving of contempt or scorn
They could not understand, they said, how even animals could bring themselves to sing such
a loud harsh or strident noise
The blackbirds whistled it in the hedges, the pigeons cooed it in the elms, it got into the
din of the smithies and the tune of the church bells.
propel with force
As the human beings approached the farm buildings, Snowball
launched his first attack.
concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise
As soon as they were well inside the yard, the three horses, the three cows, and the rest of the pigs, who had been lying in
ambush in the cowshed, suddenly emerged in their rear, cutting them off.
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
And so within five minutes of their invasion they were in
ignominious retreat by the same way as they had come, with a flock of geese hissing after them and pecking at their calves all the way.
a notable achievement
The animals had now reassembled in the wildest excitement, each recounting his own
exploits in the battle at the top of his voice.
without advance preparation
impromptu celebration of the victory was held immediately.
There was also “Animal Hero, Second Class,” which was conferred
posthumously on the dead sheep.