"March: Book Two," by John Lewis, pages 5-100

Written with Andrew Aydin and illustrated by Nate Powell, Congressman John Lewis's award-winning graphic novel chronicles his experiences in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement.

Here is our list for the second half of March: Book Two.

Here are our lists for other volumes in the trilogy: March: Book One, March: Book Three
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Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. devastate
    overwhelm or overpower
    When my parents found out I'd been arrested and gone to jail, they were devastated.
  2. segregation
    a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
    Using nonviolent sit-ins, our young organization had successfully ended segregation at the lunch counters downtown.
  3. contentious
    involving or likely to cause controversy
    Fall 1960 was marked by a contentious presidential election campaign between Vice-President Richard Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy.
  4. optimistic
    hopeful that the best will happen in the future
    Kennedy narrowly won. What that would mean for me -- and for African-Americans in general -- I did not know. But overall, I was optimistic.
  5. dignity
    the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
    It was a clear demonstration of the violent forces unleashed by our quest for human dignity.
  6. tactic
    a plan for attaining a particular goal
    The tactic was borrowed from students at the University of Texas in Austin.
  7. escalate
    increase in extent or intensity
    In response to the escalating violence, the Central Committee held a meeting that included allies like Rev. Will Campbell.
  8. demonstration
    a public display of group feelings
    There's apt to be some very serious violence if we have another demonstration.
  9. sermon
    an address of a religious nature
    Even though I was supposed to give my senior sermon the next day, we refused to post bail.
  10. discrimination
    unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
    It announced that the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was seeking volunteers to test the Supreme Court decision from the previous year, Boynton v. Virginia, which outlawed segregation and racial discrimination on buses and bus terminals.
  11. volatile
    liable to lead to sudden change or violence
    He wrote us back, but said he thought it was too dangerous, and the situation in Birmingham too volatile.
  12. initiative
    the first of a series of actions
    This CORE initiative will be historic, and as the executive director of CORE, I'm happy to have you be a part of it.
  13. reconciliation
    the reestablishment of cordial relations
    Jim Peck -- he had been on the CORE's first freedom ride, the journey of reconciliation in 1947, which landed all its participants in a chain gang.
  14. pacifist
    someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
    There was Albert Bigelow -- a pacifist arrested in 1958 for steering a skiff called The Golden Rule into a nuclear testing zone in the South Pacific, protesting the use of atomic weapons.
  15. obligated
    caused by law or conscience to follow a certain course
    Riders -- I have faith in your ability to meet any challenge, but I also want you to know that I'm the only person obligated to go on this trip.
  16. recrimination
    mutual accusations
    You are free to choose whether to join me -- and if you choose not to go, there will be no blame, no recrimination, and CORE will pay for your travels back home.
  17. testament
    strong evidence for something
    The wills we'd signed that week served as testament.
  18. hostility
    violent action that is usually unprovoked
    What are the riders' strategies to deal with any potential hostilities on this journey?
  19. perpetuate
    cause to continue or prevail
    We will pay fines because we feel that, by paying money to a segregated state, we would help it perpetuate segregation.
  20. principle
    rule of personal conduct
    In accordance with Gandhian principles, before we left Farmer sent out a letter with the plans for our act of civil disobedience --
  21. desegregate
    open to members of all races and ethnic groups
    When I got back to Nashville, I attended a picnic to celebrate the fact that, after fourteen weeks of stand-ins, the city's theater owners had finally agreed to desegregate.
  22. massacre
    kill a large number of people indiscriminately
    You...you realize it may be suicide? You could be massacred.
  23. ecstatic
    feeling great rapture or delight
    We were ecstatic that they didn't know where we were --
  24. convoy
    a procession of land vehicles traveling together
    I'm supposed to drive this bus to Dothan, Alabama, through Montgomery, but I understand there's a big convoy down the road.
  25. union
    an organization of employees that bargains with the employer
    Everything was up in the air until Bull Connor showed up to talk to the driver, along with Greyhound officials and leaders from the local bus drivers' union.
  26. warrant
    a judicial writ commanding police to perform specified acts
    Governor Patterson, despite promising to protect us, had warrants sworn out for our arrest.
  27. congregation
    a group of people who habitually attend a given church
    Dr. King introduced Farmer to the congregation, and brought him to the pulpit.
  28. pulpit
    a platform raised to give prominence to the person on it
    Dr. King introduced Farmer to the congregation, and brought him to the pulpit.
  29. pleasantry
    an agreeable or amusing remark
    Let's dispense with the pleasantries, Reverend King.
  30. merit
    any admirable or beneficial attribute
    It is not without merit to say that the Freedom Ride has already made its point, and now should be called off.
  31. clobber
    defeat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight
    The Nashville student movement wants to go on. We can't stop now, right after we've been clobbered!
  32. martial
    suggesting war or military life
    After hours of refusing to speak with any federal official, Governor Patterson had finally ordered Montgomery to be put under what he called "qualified martial law."
  33. defiance
    an act boldly resisting authority or an opposing force
    His consistent preaching of defiance of the law, his vitriolic public pronouncements, and his irresponsible actions have created the atmosphere in which violence could thrive.
  34. vitriolic
    harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone
    His consistent preaching of defiance of the law, his vitriolic public pronouncements, and his irresponsible actions have created the atmosphere in which violence could thrive.
  35. thrive
    make steady progress
    His consistent preaching of defiance of the law, his vitriolic public pronouncements, and his irresponsible actions have created the atmosphere in which violence could thrive.
  36. agitator
    a political troublemaker
    Whereas, as a result of the outside agitators coming into Alabama to violate our laws and customs...
  37. probation
    a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them
    I'm still on probation from my arrest in Atlanta.
  38. martyr
    one who voluntarily suffers death
    We all love life, and there are no martyrs here -- but we are well aware that we may have some casualties.
  39. casualty
    someone injured or killed in an accident
    We all love life, and there are no martyrs here -- but we are well aware that we may have some casualties.
  40. conscience
    motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
    Mr. Attorney General, it's a matter of conscience and morality -- they must use their lives and bodies to right a wrong.
  41. morality
    motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    Mr. Attorney General, it's a matter of conscience and morality -- they must use their lives and bodies to right a wrong.
  42. oppressed
    burdened psychologically or mentally
    It's difficult to understand the position of oppressed people. .
  43. communism
    a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
    Ours is a way out -- creative, moral, and nonviolent. It is not tied to black supremacy or communism, but to the plight of the oppressed.
  44. economic
    of or relating to production and management of wealth
    Instead, much of the means of enforcing segregation came through economic and political pressure organized by a group called the White Citizens' Council.
  45. bondage
    the state of being under the control of another person
    Parchman was the stuff of legends -- dark legends. 21,000 acres of bullwhip-wielding guards and human bondage.

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