short

Short describes something that is not as long as usual. If your childhood bed is too short for you, your feet will dangle over the edge, and if a school day is short, you'll get out early.

The adjective short describes things that aren't long when you measure them, or have a small distance from one end to another, like your short hair or the short walk to the library. A small amount of time can also be described as short, like a short chat with your mom. As a verb, short can describe cheating someone out of money or not paying what is owed, like a friend who shorts you when the lunch bill arrives.

Definitions of short
  1. adjective
    (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
    short skirts”
    short hair”
    “the board was a foot short
    “a short toss”
    Synonyms:
    abbreviated, brief
    (of clothing) very short
    close
    used of hair or haircuts
    curtal
    (obsolete) cut short
    sawed-off, sawn-off, shortened
    cut short
    shortish
    somewhat short
    short-range
    limited to short distances
    short-snouted
    having a snout that is shorter than average
    snub
    unusually short
    stubby
    short and blunt
    shortened, telescoped
    shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one within another or are crushed one into another
    truncate, truncated
    terminating abruptly by having or as if having an end or point cut off
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    Antonyms:
    long
    primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified
    elongate, elongated
    having notably more length than width; being long and slender
    elongated, extended, lengthened, prolonged
    drawn out or made longer spatially
    extendable, extendible
    capable of being lengthened
    far
    being of a considerable distance or length
    lank
    long and thin and often limp
    long-handled, pole-handled
    having a long handle
    long-range
    suitable for or reaching long distances
    long-snouted
    having a snout that is longer than average
    long-staple
    having relatively long fibers
    long-wool, long-wooled
    (of sheep) having relatively long wool
    oblong
    deviating from a square or circle or sphere by being elongated in one direction
    polysyllabic, sesquipedalian
    (of words) long and ponderous; having many syllables
    stretch
    having an elongated seating area
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  2. adjective
    low in stature; not tall
    “he was short and stocky”
    short in stature”
    “a short smokestack”
    synonyms: little
    low
    literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension
    chunky, dumpy, low-set, squat, squatty, stumpy
    short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
    compact, heavyset, stocky, thick, thickset
    having a short and solid form or stature
    half-length
    representing only the upper half of the body
    pint-size, pint-sized, runty, sawed-off, sawn-off
    well below average height
    short-stalked
    of plants having relatively short stalks
    squab, squabby
    short and fat
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    Antonyms:
    tall
    great in vertical dimension; high in stature
    high
    (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee-high')
    big, large
    above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent
    gangling, gangly, lanky, rangy
    tall and thin and having long slender limbs
    in height
    having a specified height
    leggy, long-legged, long-shanked
    having long legs
    leggy, tall-growing
    (of plants) having tall spindly stems
    long
    of relatively great height
    long-stalked, tall-stalked
    of plants having relatively long stalks
    stately, statuesque
    of size and dignity suggestive of a statue
    tallish
    somewhat tall
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  3. adverb
    at some point or distance before a goal is reached
    “he fell short of our expectations”
  4. noun
    the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
  5. noun
    the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
    synonyms: shortstop
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    type of:
    position
    (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player
  6. adjective
    primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
    “a short life”
    “a short flight”
    “a short holiday”
    “a short story”
    “only a few short months”
    Synonyms:
    abbreviated, shortened, truncated
    cut short in duration
    brief
    of short duration or distance
    clipped
    (of speech) having quick short sounds
    fleeting, fugitive, momentaneous, momentary
    lasting for a markedly brief time
    short and sweet
    dealt with very quickly; to the point
    short-dated
    of a gilt-edged security; having less than 5 years to run before redemption
    short-range
    relating to the near future
    short-run, short-term
    relating to or extending over a limited period
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    Antonyms:
    long
    primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified
    agelong
    lasting through all time
    bimestrial
    two months long; lasting two months
    chronic, continuing
    of long duration
    daylong
    lasting through an entire day
    drawn-out, extended, lengthy, prolonged, protracted
    relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
    durable, lasting, long-lasting, long-lived
    existing for a long time
    eight-day
    lasting for eight days
    endless, eternal, interminable
    tiresomely long; seemingly without end
    hourlong
    lasting for an hour
    lifelong, womb-to-tomb
    continuing through life
    long-acting
    active over a long period of time
    long-dated
    of a gilt-edged security; having more than 15 years to run before redemption
    longish
    somewhat long
    long-life
    (of perishable goods) treated to stay fresh longer than usual
    longitudinal
    over an extended time
    long-range
    involving an extended span of time
    long-run, long-term, semipermanent
    relating to or extending over a relatively long time
    longstanding
    having existed for a long time
    monthlong
    last through a month
    all-night, nightlong, overnight
    lasting, open, or operating through the whole night
    perennial
    lasting an indefinitely long time; suggesting self-renewal
    time-consuming
    of a task that takes time and patience
    seven-day, weeklong
    lasting through a week
    yearlong
    lasting through a year
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  7. adjective
    of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration
    “the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short
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    Antonyms:
    long
    (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration
  8. adverb
    quickly and without warning
    synonyms: abruptly, dead, suddenly
  9. adverb
    so as to interrupt
    “She took him up short before he could continue”
  10. noun
    accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
    synonyms: short circuit
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    type of:
    contact, tangency
    (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact
  11. verb
    create a short circuit in
    synonyms: short-circuit
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    type of:
    create, make
    make or cause to be or to become
  12. adjective
    not sufficient to meet a need
    “money is short
    “on short rations”
    “food is in short supply”
    short on experience”
    synonyms: inadequate, poor
    deficient, insufficient
    of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  13. adjective
    lacking foresight or scope
    “a short view of the problem”
    synonyms: myopic, shortsighted, unforesightful
    improvident
    not provident; not providing for the future
  14. adjective
    (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
    “a short memory”
    synonyms: forgetful, unretentive
    forgetful, mindless, unmindful
    not mindful or attentive
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    Antonyms:
    long, recollective, retentive, tenacious
    good at remembering
    aware, mindful
    bearing in mind; attentive to
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  15. adjective
    less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
    “regularly gives short weight”
    synonyms: light, scant
    deficient, insufficient
    of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  16. adverb
    at a disadvantage
    “I was caught short
    synonyms: unawares
  17. verb
    cheat someone by not returning him enough money
  18. adjective
    not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
    “a short sale”
    short in cotton”
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    Antonyms:
    long
    holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices
  19. adverb
    without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
    “he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash”
  20. adjective
    tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
    “shortbread is a short crumbly cookie”
    “a short flaky pie crust”
    Synonyms:
    breakable
    capable of being broken or damaged
  21. adjective
    marked by rude or peremptory shortness
    “the salesgirl was very short with him”
    synonyms: brusk, brusque, curt
    discourteous
    showing no courtesy; rude
  22. adverb
    in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
    “he talked short with everyone”
    synonyms: curtly, shortly
  23. adverb
    clean across
    “the car's axle snapped short
Word Family