politician

A politician is a person who campaigns for or holds a position in government. A politician may start a career by running for a local office, like mayor, but could eventually serve nationally — in Congress or even as President.

Politician can mean someone who identifies with a major political party. Sometimes voters prefer to elect candidates who aren't career politicians, with more allegiance to the party they represent than the people they serve. A general frustration with politicians has resulted in the use of politician to refer to people who act to gain an advantage for themselves. The office politician may lobby the boss to get preferential treatment, for example.

Definitions of politician
  1. noun
    a leader engaged in civil administration
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    types:
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    governor
    the head of a state government
    legislator
    someone who makes or enacts laws
    city manager, mayor
    the head of a city government
    ex-mayor
    a former mayor
    alcalde
    a mayor or chief magistrate of a Spanish town
    backbencher
    a member of the House of Commons who is not a party leader
    bey
    the governor of a district or province in the Ottoman Empire
    burgomaster
    a mayor of a municipality in Germany or Holland or Flanders or Austria
    congressman, congresswoman, representative
    a member of the United States House of Representatives
    crossbencher
    a member of the House of Commons who does not vote regularly with either the government or the Opposition
    deputy
    a member of the lower chamber of a legislative assembly (such as in France)
    eparch
    the governor or prefect of an eparchy in ancient Greece
    filibuster, filibusterer
    a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes
    floor leader
    the legislator who organizes his party's strategy
    frontbencher
    a member of the House of Commons who is a minister in the government or who holds an official position in an opposition party
    governor general
    a governor of high rank
    majority leader
    leader of the majority party in a legislature
    mayoress
    a woman mayor
    military governor
    the head of a government established by the military (as in a defeated country)
    minority leader
    leader of the minority party in a legislature
    nabob, nawab
    a governor in India during the Mogul empire
    Member of Parliament, Parliamentarian
    an elected member of the British Parliament: a member of the House of Commons
    proconsul
    a provincial governor of consular rank in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire
    satrap
    a governor of a province in ancient Persia
    senator
    a member of a senate
    vicereine, viceroy
    governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of his or her king or sovereign
    party whip, whip
    a legislator appointed by the party to enforce discipline
    burgess
    a representative in the lower house of the colonial legislature in Maryland or Virginia
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    leader
    a person who rules or guides or inspires others
  2. noun
    a person active in party politics
    synonyms: pol, political leader, politico
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    examples:
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    Nancy Witcher Astor
    British politician (born in the United States) who was the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons (1879-1964)
    Alben William Barkley
    United States politician and lawyer; vice president of the United States (1877-1956)
    William Maxwell Aitken
    British newspaper publisher and politician (born in Canada); confidant of Winston Churchill (1879-1964)
    Thomas Bradley
    United States politician who was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles (1917-1998)
    Boy Orator of the Platte
    United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
    Aaron Burr
    United States politician who served as vice president under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836)
    Salmon Portland Chase
    United States politician and jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1808-1873)
    Charles Joseph Clark
    Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939-)
    the Great Compromiser
    United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
    DeWitt Clinton
    United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)
    David Crockett
    United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)
    Stephen Arnold Douglas
    United States politician who proposed that individual territories be allowed to decide whether they would have slavery; he engaged in a famous series of debates with Abraham Lincoln (1813-1861)
    Samuel Houston
    United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
    Jesse Louis Jackson
    United States civil rights leader who led a national campaign against racial discrimination and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941)
    Glenda Jackson
    English film actress who later became a member of British Parliament (born in 1936)
    Andre Maginot
    French politician who proposed the Maginot Line (1877-1932)
    Joseph Raymond McCarthy
    United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
    Daniel Patrick Moynihan
    United States politician and educator (1927-2003)
    Mullah Mohammed Omar
    reclusive Afghanistani politician and leader of the Taliban who imposed a strict interpretation of shariah law on Afghanistan (born in 1960)
    Sir Robert Peel
    British politician (1788-1850)
    Jeannette Rankin
    leader in the women's suffrage movement in Montana; the first woman to serve in the United States House of Representatives (1880-1973)
    Nellie Tayloe Ross
    a politician in Wyoming who was the first woman governor in the United States (1876-1977)
    William Henry Seward
    United States politician who as Secretary of State in 1867 arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia (known at the time as Seward's Folly) (1801-1872)
    Daniel Webster
    United States politician and orator (1782-1817)
    types:
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    campaigner, candidate, nominee
    a politician who is running for public office
    Communist
    a member of the communist party
    demagog, demagogue, rabble-rouser
    a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices
    Democrat
    a member of the Democratic Party
    Federalist
    a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
    Labourite
    a member of the British Labour Party
    hack, machine politician, political hack, ward-heeler
    a politician who belongs to a small clique that controls a political party for private rather than public ends
    Mugwump
    someone who bolted from the Republican Party during the U.S. presidential election of 1884
    noncandidate
    someone who has announced they are not a candidate; especially a politician who has announced that he or she is not a candidate for some political office
    boss, party boss, political boss
    a leader in a political party who controls votes and dictates appointments
    party liner, party man
    a member of a political party who follows strictly the party line
    Republican
    a member of the Republican Party
    sachem
    a political leader (especially of Tammany Hall)
    socialist
    a political advocate of socialism
    standard-bearer
    an outstanding leader of a political movement
    national leader, solon, statesman
    a man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs
    technocrat
    an advocate of technocracy
    Whig
    a member of the Whig Party that existed in the United States before the American Civil War
    Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, Grigori Potemkin, Grigori Potyokin, Potemkin, Potyokin
    a Russian officer and politician who was a favorite of Catherine II and in 1762 helped her to seize power; when she visited the Crimea in 1787 he gave the order for sham villages to be built (1739-1791)
    commie, communist
    a socialist who advocates communism
    dark horse
    a political candidate who is not well known but could win unexpectedly
    elder statesman
    an elderly statesman whose advice is sought be government leaders
    Fabian
    a member of the Fabian Society in Britain
    favorite son
    a United States politician favored mainly in his or her home state
    Founding Father
    a member of the Constitutional Convention that drafted the United States Constitution in 1787
    internationalist
    a member of a socialist or communist international
    Menshevik
    a Russian member of the liberal minority group that advocated gradual reform and opposed the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution
    running mate
    a nominee for the lesser of two closely related political offices
    collectivist, left-winger, leftist
    a person who belongs to the political left
    spoiler
    a candidate with no chance of winning but who may draw enough votes to prevent one of the leading candidates from winning
    stalking-horse
    a candidate put forward to divide the Opposition or to mask the true candidate
    stateswoman
    a woman statesman
    write-in, write-in candidate
    a candidate for public office whose name does not appear on the ballot and so must be written on the ballot by the voters
    type of:
    leader
    a person who rules or guides or inspires others
  3. noun
    a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
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    type of:
    plotter, schemer
    a planner who draws up a personal scheme of action
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