Judgment is the mental ability to understand something, form an opinion and reach a decision. You have great judgment of character, which is why your friends ask you to meet their significant others when things get serious.

A decision is a judgment, unless you let a coin toss decide for you. Use your judgment to determine how much salt to add, or the safest way home. In court, the judge's official decision is called the judgment, and if you condemn someone, even if you're not a judge, we say you've "passed judgment." If you need to explain many parts of the story before your innocence will be clear, ask your listener not to rush to judgment.

Definitions of judgment

n the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event

“they criticized my judgment of the contestants”
assessment, judgement
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judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments
the final judgment in a legal proceeding; the act of pronouncing judgment based on the evidence presented
the act of disapproving or condemning
evaluation, rating
act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of
estimate, estimation
a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody
logistic assessment
a judgment of the logistic support required for some particular military operation
value judgement, value judgment
an assessment that reveals more about the values of the person making the assessment than about the reality of what is assessed
administration, judicature
the act of meting out justice according to the law
grading, marking, scoring
evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score
an expert estimation of the quality, quantity, and other characteristics of someone or something
judgments about another person's morality
capitalisation, capitalization
an estimation of the value of a business
disparagement, dispraise
the act of speaking contemptuously of
(law) the act of condemning (as land forfeited for public use) or judging to be unfit for use (as a food product or an unsafe building)
branding, stigmatisation, stigmatization
the act of stigmatizing
Type of:
act, deed, human action, human activity
something that people do or cause to happen

n the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions

judgement, judging
prejudgement, prejudgment
a judgment reached before the evidence is available
Type of:
deciding, decision making
the cognitive process of reaching a decision

n the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations

discernment, judgement, sagaciousness, sagacity
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good discernment (either visually or as if visually)
common sense, good sense, gumption, horse sense, mother wit, sense
sound practical judgment
good judgment
circumspection, discreetness, discretion, prudence
knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress
indiscreetness, injudiciousness
lacking good judgment
reasoned and reasonable judgment
common sense
road sense
good judgment in avoiding trouble or accidents on the road
discretion in keeping secret information
care, caution, forethought, precaution
judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
Type of:
sapience, wisdom
ability to apply knowledge or experience or understanding or common sense and insight

n the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions

judgement, perspicacity, sound judgement, sound judgment
objectiveness, objectivity
judgment based on observable phenomena and uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices
subjectiveness, subjectivity
judgment based on individual personal impressions and feelings and opinions rather than external facts
Type of:
a distinguishing feature of your personal nature

n an opinion formed by judging something

“he was reluctant to make his judgment known”
judgement, mind
conclusion, decision, determination
a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
a mental determination or resolve in advance; an antecedent intention to do something
Type of:
opinion, persuasion, sentiment, thought, view
a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty

n (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it

judgement, judicial decision
Bakke decision
a ruling by the Supreme Court on affirmative action; the Court ruled in 1978 that medical schools are entitled to consider race as a factor in their admission policy
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a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and should be set aside
a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was correct and should stand
cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, confession of judgement, confession of judgment
a judgment entered after a written confession by the debtor without the expense of ordinary legal proceedings
default judgement, default judgment, judgement by default, judgment by default
a judgment entered in favor of the plaintiff when the defendant defaults (fails to appear in court)
non pros, non prosequitur
a judgment entered in favor of the defendant when the plaintiff has not continued his action (e.g., has not appeared in court)
final decision, final judgment
a judgment disposing of the case before the court; after the judgment (or an appeal from it) is rendered all that remains is to enforce the judgment
judgement in personam, judgment in personam, personal judgement, personal judgment
a judgment rendered against an individual (or corporation) for the payment of money damages
judgement in rem, judgment in rem
a judgment pronounced on the status of some particular subject or property or thing (as opposed to one pronounced on persons)
dismissal, judgement of dismissal, judgment of dismissal
a judgment disposing of the matter without a trial
judgement on the merits, judgment on the merits
judgment rendered through analysis and adjudication of the factual issues presented
judgement on the pleadings, judgment on the pleadings, summary judgement, summary judgment
a judgment rendered by the court prior to a verdict because no material issue of fact exists and one party or the other is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law
arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement
the act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgment
opinion, ruling
the reason for a court's judgment (as opposed to the decision itself)
the decision of a court on issues of fact or law
condemnation, conviction, judgment of conviction, sentence
(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
a ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority
finding of fact, verdict
(law) the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision; can be used in formulating a judgment
conclusion of law, finding of law
a finding as to the applicability of a rule of law to particular facts
a judgment of not guilty
Type of:
due process, due process of law
(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards

n the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision

judgement, legal opinion, opinion
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concurring opinion
an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
dissenting opinion
an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
majority opinion
the opinion joined by a majority of the court (generally known simply as `the opinion')
(Islam) a legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar
dictum, obiter dictum
an opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore not binding
Type of:
instrument, legal document, legal instrument, official document
(law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right

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