judicature

Definitions of judicature
1

n the act of meting out justice according to the law

Synonyms:
administration
Type of:
justice
judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments

n the position of judge

Synonyms:
judgeship
Type of:
berth, billet, office, place, position, post, situation, spot
a job in an organization

n the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government

Synonyms:
judicatory, judicial system, judiciary
Types:
Federal Judiciary
the judiciary of the United States which is responsible for interpreting and enforcing federal laws
Type of:
scheme, system
a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole

n an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business

Synonyms:
court, tribunal
Examples:
Spanish Inquisition
an inquisition initiated in 1478 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that guarded the orthodoxy of Catholicism in Spain (especially from the 15th to the 17th centuries)
Congregation of the Inquisition
an inquisition set up in Italy in 1542 to curb the number of Protestants
Types:
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court, court of justice, court of law, lawcourt
a tribunal that is presided over by a magistrate or by one or more judges who administer justice according to the laws
International Court of Justice, World Court
a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations
appeals court, appellate court, court of appeals
a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies
assizes, court of assize, court of assize and nisi prius
the county courts of England (replaced in 1971 by Crown courts)
chancery, court of chancery
a court with jurisdiction in equity
consistory
a church tribunal or governing body
criminal court
a court having jurisdiction over criminal cases
divorce court
a court having jurisdiction over the termination of marriage contracts
court of domestic relations, domestic relations court, family court
a court in some states in the United States that has jurisdiction over family disputes (especially those involving children)
federal court
a court establish by the authority of a federal government
F.I.S.C., Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
a secret federal court created in 1978 by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act; responsible for authorizing wiretaps and other forms of electronic surveillance and for authorizing searches of suspected spies and terrorists by the Department of Justice or United States intelligence agencies
inferior court, lower court
any court whose decisions can be appealed to a higher court
Inquisition
a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
juvenile court
a court having jurisdiction over dependent and delinquent children
kangaroo court
an irregular unauthorized court
military court
a judicial court of commissioned officers for the discipline and punishment of military personnel
moot court
a mock court where law students argue hypothetical cases
police court
a court that has power to prosecute for minor offenses and to bind over for trial in a superior court anyone accused of serious offenses
probate court
a court having jurisdiction over the probate of wills and the administration of estates
quarter sessions
a local court with criminal jurisdiction and sometimes administrative functions
Rota
(Roman Catholic Church) the supreme ecclesiastical tribunal for cases appealed to the Holy See from diocesan courts
Star Chamber
a former English court that became notorious for its arbitrary methods and severe punishments
superior court
any court that has jurisdiction above an inferior court
high court, state supreme court, supreme court
the highest court in most states of the United States
traffic court
a court that has power to prosecute for traffic offenses
trial court
the first court before which the facts of a case are decided
circuit court of appeals
one of the twelve federal United States courts of appeals that cover a group of states known as a `circuit'
court-martial
a military court to try members of the armed services who are accused of serious breaches of martial law
night court
a criminal court (in large cities) that sits at night
Old Bailey
the central criminal court in London
provost court
a military court for trying people charged with minor offenses in an occupied area
Supreme Court, Supreme Court of the United States, United States Supreme Court
the highest federal court in the United States; has final appellate jurisdiction and has jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation
Type of:
assembly
a group of persons who are gathered together for a common purpose

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