bourgeois

The adjective bourgeois means relating to or typical of the middle class. If someone says, "Oh, how bourgeois!" it's probably an insult, meaning you're preoccupied with middle-class small-mindedness.

As a noun, a bourgeois is a member of the middle class, originally a member of the middle class in France. The word was borrowed from French, from Old French burgeis "citizen of a town," from borc "town, village," from Latin burgus "fortress, castle." The derived word bourgeoisie "the middle class" is a later borrowing from French.

Definitions of bourgeois
  1. adjective
    (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class
    Synonyms:
    capitalist, capitalistic
    favoring or practicing capitalism
  2. adjective
    belonging to the middle class
    Synonyms:
    middle-class
    occupying a socioeconomic position intermediate between those of the lower classes and the wealthy
  3. adjective
    conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class
    “a bourgeois mentality”
    synonyms: conservative, materialistic
    middle-class
    occupying a socioeconomic position intermediate between those of the lower classes and the wealthy
  4. noun
    a member of the middle class
    synonyms: burgher
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    types:
    petit bourgeois
    a member of the lower middle class
    type of:
    common man, common person, commoner
    a person who holds no title
  5. noun
    a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise
    synonyms: businessperson
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    examples:
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    William Maxwell Aitken
    British newspaper publisher and politician (born in Canada); confidant of Winston Churchill (1879-1964)
    Andrew Carnegie
    United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)
    Peter Cooper
    United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York City to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883)
    Ezra Cornell
    United States businessman who unified the telegraph system in the United States and who in 1865 (with Andrew D. White) founded Cornell University (1807-1874)
    Glenn Hammond Curtiss
    United States industrialist and aviation pioneer (1878-1930)
    Gottlieb Daimler
    German engineer and automobile manufacturer who produced the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1834-1900)
    John Deere
    United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)
    George Eastman
    United States inventor of a dry-plate process of developing photographic film and of flexible film (his firm introduced roll film) and of the box camera and of a process for color photography (1854-1932)
    Henry Ford
    United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)
    Edsel Bryant Ford
    son of Henry Ford (1893-1943)
    Henry Ford II
    grandson of Henry Ford (1917-1987)
    Henry Clay Frick
    United States industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry (1849-1919)
    William Henry Gates
    United States computer entrepreneur whose software company made him the youngest multi-billionaire in the history of the United States (born in 1955)
    King Camp Gilette
    United States inventor and manufacturer who developed the safety razor (1855-1932)
    Meyer Guggenheim
    United States industrialist (born in Switzerland) who with his sons established vast mining and metal processing companies (1828-1905)
    Alfred Charles William Harmsworth
    British newspaper publisher (1865-1922)
    Edward Henry Harriman
    United States railway tycoon (1848-1909)
    Benjamin Harris
    publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673-1713)
    Charles Henry Harrod
    English merchant who took over a shop in London that was expanded by his son into a prestigious department store (1800-1885)
    Charles Digby Harrod
    English merchant who expanded his father's shop in London into a prestigious department store (1841-1905)
    William Randolph Hearst
    United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
    Henry John Heinz
    United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
    James Jerome Hill
    United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916)
    William Henry Hoover
    United States industrialist who manufactured vacuum cleaners (1849-1932)
    Howard Robard Hughes
    United States industrialist who was an aviator and a film producer; during the last years of his life he was a total recluse (1905-1976)
    Collis Potter Huntington
    United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821-1900)
    Friedrich Krupp
    German industrialist who manufactured steel in Essen (1787-1826)
    Edwin Herbert Land
    United States inventor who incorporated Polaroid film into lenses and invented the one step photographic process (1909-1991)
    First Baron Marks of Broughton
    English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964)
    First Viscount Nuffield
    British industrialist who manufactured automobiles and created a philanthropic foundation (1877-1963)
    Wilhelm von Opel
    German industrialist who was the first in Germany to use an assembly line in manufacturing automobiles (1871-1948)
    Elisha Graves Otis
    United States inventor who manufactured the first elevator with a safety device (1811-1861)
    Robert Owen
    Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)
    Sir Frederick Handley Page
    English industrialist who pioneered in the design and manufacture of aircraft (1885-1962)
    Joseph Pulitzer
    United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)
    John Davison Rockefeller
    United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)
    David Sarnoff
    United States businessman who pioneered in radio and television broadcasting (1891-1971)
    James Edmund Scripps
    United States newspaper publisher and half-brother of Edward Wyllis Scripps (1835-1908)
    Edward Wyllis Scripps
    United States newspaper publisher who founded an important press association; half-brother of James Edmund Scripps (1854-1926)
    Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky
    United States industrialist (born in Russia) who designed the first four-engine airplane and the first mass-produced helicopter (1889-1972)
    Sir Clive Marles Sinclair
    English electrical engineer who founded a company that introduced many innovative products (born in 1940)
    Ernest Solvay
    Belgian chemist who developed the Solvay process and built factories exploiting it (1838-1922)
    Leland Stanford
    United States railroad executive and founder of Stanford University (1824-1893)
    George Stephenson
    English railway pioneer who built the first passenger railway in 1825 (1781-1848)
    Henry Villard
    United States railroad magnate and businessman (1835-1900)
    John Wanamaker
    United States businessman whose business grew into one of the first department stores (1838-1922)
    Aaron Montgomery Ward
    United States businessman who in 1872 established a successful mail-order business (1843-1913)
    Frank Winfield Woolworth
    United States businessman who opened a shop in 1879 selling low-priced goods and built it into a national chain of stores (1852-1919)
    Rudolf Wurlitzer
    United States businessman (born in German) who founded a company to make pipe organs (1831-1914)
    Gustavus Franklin Swift
    United States meat-packer who began the use of refrigerated railroad cars (1839-1903)
    types:
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    accountant, comptroller, controller
    someone who maintains and audits business accounts
    account executive, account representative, customer's broker, customer's man, registered representative
    someone in charge of a client's account for an advertising agency or brokerage or other service business
    agent, broker, factor
    a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission
    businessman, man of affairs
    a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
    businesswoman
    a female businessperson
    enterpriser, entrepreneur
    someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
    exporter
    a businessperson who transports goods abroad (for sale)
    importer
    someone whose business involves importing goods from outside (especially from a foreign country)
    merchandiser, merchant
    a businessperson engaged in retail trade
    shipper
    someone who ships goods
    provider, supplier
    someone whose business is to supply a particular service or commodity
    auctioneer
    an agent who conducts an auction
    amalgamator
    a businessman who arranges an amalgamation of two or more commercial companies
    arb, arbitrager, arbitrageur
    someone who engages in arbitrage (who purchases securities in one market for immediate resale in another in the hope of profiting from the price differential)
    auditor
    a qualified accountant who inspects the accounting records and practices of a business or other organization
    baker
    someone who bakes commercially
    baron, big businessman, business leader, king, magnate, mogul, power, top executive, tycoon
    a very wealthy or powerful businessman
    bean counter
    an accountant or bureaucrat who is believed to place undue emphasis on the control of expenditures
    black marketeer
    someone who engages illegally in trade in scarce or controlled commodities
    book seller, bookdealer
    a dealer in books; a merchant who sells books
    bookkeeper
    someone who records the transactions of a business
    butcher, meatman
    a retailer of meat
    caterer
    someone who provides food and service (as for a party)
    CPA, certified public accountant
    an accountant who has passed certain examinations and met all other statutory and licensing requirements of a United States state to be certified by that state
    chartered accountant
    a British or Canadian accountant who is a member of a professional body that has a royal charter
    clothier, haberdasher
    a merchant who sells men's clothing
    connection
    a supplier (especially of narcotics)
    consigner, consignor
    the person who delivers over or commits merchandise
    cost accountant
    a specialist in the systematic recording and analysis of the costs incident to production
    dispenser
    a person who dispenses
    distributer, distributor
    someone who markets merchandise
    grain merchant
    a merchant who deals in food grains
    grocer
    a retail merchant who sells foodstuffs (and some household supplies)
    hatmaker, hatter, milliner, modiste
    someone who makes and sells hats
    industrialist
    someone who manages or has significant financial interest in an industrial enterprise
    general agent, insurance agent, insurance broker, underwriter
    an agent who sells insurance
    investment banker, underwriter
    a banker who deals chiefly in underwriting new securities
    jeweler, jeweller
    someone in the business of selling jewelry
    brothel keeper, madam
    a woman who runs a house of prostitution
    oilman
    a person who owns or operates oil wells
    operator
    someone who owns or operates a business
    owner, proprietor
    (law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business
    poulterer, poultryman
    a dealer in poultry and poultry products
    purveyor
    someone who supplies provisions (especially food)
    estate agent, house agent, land agent, real estate agent, real estate broker
    a person who is authorized to act as an agent for the sale of land
    recruiter
    someone who supplies members or employees
    retail merchant, retailer
    a merchant who sells goods at retail
    rug merchant
    a merchant who sells rugs
    salt merchant, salter
    someone who makes or deals in salt
    schlockmeister, shlockmeister
    (slang) a merchant who deals in shoddy or inferior merchandise
    marketer, seller, trafficker, vender, vendor
    someone who promotes or exchanges goods or services for money
    ship broker
    an agent for the ship owner; obtains cargo and may arrange for its loading or discharge
    market keeper, shopkeeper, storekeeper, tradesman
    a merchant who owns or manages a shop
    small businessman
    a businessman who runs a business employing less than 100 people
    stationer, stationery seller
    a merchant who sells writing materials and office supplies
    stockbroker
    an agent in the buying and selling of stocks and bonds
    stockist
    one (as a retailer or distributor) that stocks goods
    suit
    (slang) a businessman dressed in a business suit
    provisioner, sutler, victualer, victualler
    a supplier of victuals or supplies to an army
    syndic
    one appointed to represent a city or university or corporation in business transactions
    syndicator
    a businessman who forms a syndicate
    bargainer, dealer, monger, trader
    someone who purchases and maintains an inventory of goods to be sold
    transactor
    someone who conducts or carries on business or negotiations
    travel agent
    someone who sells or arranges trips or tours for customers
    merchant-venturer, venturer
    a merchant who undertakes a trading venture (especially a venture that sends goods overseas)
    vintner, wine merchant
    someone who sells wine
    type of:
    capitalist
    a person who invests capital in a business (especially a large business)
Word Family