bourgeois

The adjective bourgeois means relating to or typical of the middle class. If someone says, "Oh, how bourgeois!" it's probably an insult, meaning you're preoccupied with middle-class small-mindedness.

As a noun, a bourgeois is a member of the middle class, originally a member of the middle class in France. The word was borrowed from French, from Old French burgeis "citizen of a town," from borc "town, village," from Latin burgus "fortress, castle." The derived word bourgeoisie "the middle class" is a later borrowing from French.

Definitions of bourgeois
1

adj (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class

Synonyms:
capitalist, capitalistic
favoring or practicing capitalism

adj belonging to the middle class

Synonyms:
middle-class
occupying a socioeconomic position intermediate between those of the lower classes and the wealthy

adj conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class

“a bourgeois mentality”
Synonyms:
conservative, materialistic
middle-class
occupying a socioeconomic position intermediate between those of the lower classes and the wealthy

n a member of the middle class

Synonyms:
burgher
Types:
petit bourgeois
a member of the lower middle class
Type of:
common man, common person, commoner
a person who holds no title

n a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise

Synonyms:
businessperson
Examples:
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William Maxwell Aitken
British newspaper publisher and politician (born in Canada); confidant of Winston Churchill (1879-1964)
Andrew Carnegie
United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)
Peter Cooper
United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York City to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883)
Ezra Cornell
United States businessman who unified the telegraph system in the United States and who in 1865 (with Andrew D. White) founded Cornell University (1807-1874)
Glenn Hammond Curtiss
United States industrialist and aviation pioneer (1878-1930)
Gottlieb Daimler
German engineer and automobile manufacturer who produced the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1834-1900)
John Deere
United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)
George Eastman
United States inventor of a dry-plate process of developing photographic film and of flexible film (his firm introduced roll film) and of the box camera and of a process for color photography (1854-1932)
Henry Ford
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)
Edsel Bryant Ford
son of Henry Ford (1893-1943)
Henry Ford II
grandson of Henry Ford (1917-1987)
Henry Clay Frick
United States industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry (1849-1919)
William Henry Gates
United States computer entrepreneur whose software company made him the youngest multi-billionaire in the history of the United States (born in 1955)
King Camp Gilette
United States inventor and manufacturer who developed the safety razor (1855-1932)
Meyer Guggenheim
United States industrialist (born in Switzerland) who with his sons established vast mining and metal processing companies (1828-1905)
Alfred Charles William Harmsworth
British newspaper publisher (1865-1922)
Edward Henry Harriman
United States railway tycoon (1848-1909)
Benjamin Harris
publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673-1713)
Charles Henry Harrod
English merchant who took over a shop in London that was expanded by his son into a prestigious department store (1800-1885)
Charles Digby Harrod
English merchant who expanded his father's shop in London into a prestigious department store (1841-1905)
William Randolph Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
Henry John Heinz
United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
James Jerome Hill
United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916)
William Henry Hoover
United States industrialist who manufactured vacuum cleaners (1849-1932)
Howard Robard Hughes
United States industrialist who was an aviator and a film producer; during the last years of his life he was a total recluse (1905-1976)
Collis Potter Huntington
United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821-1900)
Friedrich Krupp
German industrialist who manufactured steel in Essen (1787-1826)
Edwin Herbert Land
United States inventor who incorporated Polaroid film into lenses and invented the one step photographic process (1909-1991)
First Baron Marks of Broughton
English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964)
First Viscount Nuffield
British industrialist who manufactured automobiles and created a philanthropic foundation (1877-1963)
Wilhelm von Opel
German industrialist who was the first in Germany to use an assembly line in manufacturing automobiles (1871-1948)
Elisha Graves Otis
United States inventor who manufactured the first elevator with a safety device (1811-1861)
Robert Owen
Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)
Sir Frederick Handley Page
English industrialist who pioneered in the design and manufacture of aircraft (1885-1962)
Joseph Pulitzer
United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)
John Davison Rockefeller
United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)
David Sarnoff
United States businessman who pioneered in radio and television broadcasting (1891-1971)
James Edmund Scripps
United States newspaper publisher and half-brother of Edward Wyllis Scripps (1835-1908)
Edward Wyllis Scripps
United States newspaper publisher who founded an important press association; half-brother of James Edmund Scripps (1854-1926)
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky
United States industrialist (born in Russia) who designed the first four-engine airplane and the first mass-produced helicopter (1889-1972)
Sir Clive Marles Sinclair
English electrical engineer who founded a company that introduced many innovative products (born in 1940)
Ernest Solvay
Belgian chemist who developed the Solvay process and built factories exploiting it (1838-1922)
Leland Stanford
United States railroad executive and founder of Stanford University (1824-1893)
George Stephenson
English railway pioneer who built the first passenger railway in 1825 (1781-1848)
Henry Villard
United States railroad magnate and businessman (1835-1900)
John Wanamaker
United States businessman whose business grew into one of the first department stores (1838-1922)
Aaron Montgomery Ward
United States businessman who in 1872 established a successful mail-order business (1843-1913)
Frank Winfield Woolworth
United States businessman who opened a shop in 1879 selling low-priced goods and built it into a national chain of stores (1852-1919)
Rudolf Wurlitzer
United States businessman (born in German) who founded a company to make pipe organs (1831-1914)
Gustavus Franklin Swift
United States meat-packer who began the use of refrigerated railroad cars (1839-1903)
Types:
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accountant, comptroller, controller
someone who maintains and audits business accounts
account executive, account representative, customer's broker, customer's man, registered representative
someone in charge of a client's account for an advertising agency or brokerage or other service business
agent, broker, factor
a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission
businessman, man of affairs
a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
businesswoman
a female businessperson
enterpriser, entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
exporter
a businessperson who transports goods abroad (for sale)
importer
someone whose business involves importing goods from outside (especially from a foreign country)
merchandiser, merchant
a businessperson engaged in retail trade
shipper
someone who ships goods
provider, supplier
someone whose business is to supply a particular service or commodity
auctioneer
an agent who conducts an auction
amalgamator
a businessman who arranges an amalgamation of two or more commercial companies
arb, arbitrager, arbitrageur
someone who engages in arbitrage (who purchases securities in one market for immediate resale in another in the hope of profiting from the price differential)
auditor
a qualified accountant who inspects the accounting records and practices of a business or other organization
baker
someone who bakes commercially
baron, big businessman, business leader, king, magnate, mogul, power, top executive, tycoon
a very wealthy or powerful businessman
bean counter
an accountant or bureaucrat who is believed to place undue emphasis on the control of expenditures
black marketeer
someone who engages illegally in trade in scarce or controlled commodities
book seller, bookdealer
a dealer in books; a merchant who sells books
bookkeeper
someone who records the transactions of a business
butcher, meatman
a retailer of meat
caterer
someone who provides food and service (as for a party)
CPA, certified public accountant
an accountant who has passed certain examinations and met all other statutory and licensing requirements of a United States state to be certified by that state
chartered accountant
a British or Canadian accountant who is a member of a professional body that has a royal charter
clothier, haberdasher
a merchant who sells men's clothing
connection
a supplier (especially of narcotics)
consigner, consignor
the person who delivers over or commits merchandise
cost accountant
a specialist in the systematic recording and analysis of the costs incident to production
dispenser
a person who dispenses
distributer, distributor
someone who markets merchandise
grain merchant
a merchant who deals in food grains
grocer
a retail merchant who sells foodstuffs (and some household supplies)
hatmaker, hatter, milliner, modiste
someone who makes and sells hats
industrialist
someone who manages or has significant financial interest in an industrial enterprise
general agent, insurance agent, insurance broker, underwriter
an agent who sells insurance
investment banker, underwriter
a banker who deals chiefly in underwriting new securities
jeweler, jeweller
someone in the business of selling jewelry
brothel keeper, madam
a woman who runs a house of prostitution
oilman
a person who owns or operates oil wells
operator
someone who owns or operates a business
owner, proprietor
(law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business
poulterer, poultryman
a dealer in poultry and poultry products
purveyor
someone who supplies provisions (especially food)
estate agent, house agent, land agent, real estate agent, real estate broker
a person who is authorized to act as an agent for the sale of land
recruiter
someone who supplies members or employees
retail merchant, retailer
a merchant who sells goods at retail
rug merchant
a merchant who sells rugs
salt merchant, salter
someone who makes or deals in salt
schlockmeister, shlockmeister
(slang) a merchant who deals in shoddy or inferior merchandise
marketer, seller, trafficker, vender, vendor
someone who promotes or exchanges goods or services for money
ship broker
an agent for the ship owner; obtains cargo and may arrange for its loading or discharge
market keeper, shopkeeper, storekeeper, tradesman
a merchant who owns or manages a shop
small businessman
a businessman who runs a business employing less than 100 people
stationer, stationery seller
a merchant who sells writing materials and office supplies
stockbroker
an agent in the buying and selling of stocks and bonds
stockist
one (as a retailer or distributor) that stocks goods
suit
(slang) a businessman dressed in a business suit
provisioner, sutler, victualer, victualler
a supplier of victuals or supplies to an army
syndic
one appointed to represent a city or university or corporation in business transactions
syndicator
a businessman who forms a syndicate
bargainer, dealer, monger, trader
someone who purchases and maintains an inventory of goods to be sold
transactor
someone who conducts or carries on business or negotiations
travel agent
someone who sells or arranges trips or tours for customers
merchant-venturer, venturer
a merchant who undertakes a trading venture (especially a venture that sends goods overseas)
vintner, wine merchant
someone who sells wine
Type of:
capitalist
a person who invests capital in a business (especially a large business)

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