By the early 1900s in Europe, diplomacy had taken a back seat to
militarism. This policy involved aggressively building up a nation's armed forced in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy.
While civilians suffered severely under German occupation, some of the worst stories of German crimes were not true. British newspapers published false
propaganda, or information intended to sway public opinion, that spread throughout the United States.
a collection of merchant ships with an escort of warships
Starting in May 1917, all merchant and troop ships traveled in a
convoy consisted of a group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of destroyers, torpedo boats, and other armed naval vessels equipped with hydrophones to track and destroy submarines.
A civilian representative of the new German Republic signed an
armistice, or cease-fire, in a French railroad car at 5:00 AM on November 11, 1918. Six hours later, as agreed, the guns finally fell silent.