When a government gets its troops prepared for battle, that's mobilization. It's also mobilization when you organize your family to throw a surprise party for your sister.

Preparing a group of people so they're ready to act at a moment's notice is what mobilization is all about. It comes from the verb mobilize, which literally means "to make mobile." Both words have been used in a military context since the 1850s, originally to talk about the Imperial Russian Army and its mobilization at the start of the Crimean War. Before that, mobilization simply meant "rendering capable of movement."

Definitions of mobilization

n act of marshaling and organizing and making ready for use or action

mobilization of the country's economic resources”
economic mobilisation, economic mobilization
mobilization of the economy
the act of mobilizing for a common purpose
Type of:
assemblage, assembly, gathering
the social act of assembling

n act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops"

militarisation, militarization, mobilisation
demobilisation, demobilization
act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops
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armament, arming, equipping
the act of equiping with weapons in preparation for war
conscription, draft, muster, selective service
compulsory military service
remilitarisation, remilitarization
the act of militarizing again
the act of renovating and fitting out a ship
the act of arming again
levy, levy en masse
the act of drafting into military service
Type of:
social control
control exerted (actively or passively) by group action

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