The process of becoming ready for conflict or war is militarization. Sometimes militarization refers to making a civilian organization resemble the armed forces—with uniforms or weapons, for example.

When a country prepares itself for war, that's militarization. And when military resources are sent somewhere—to the site of a natural disaster or a political demonstration, for example—that's also militarization. A more systemic kind of militarization happens when a city's police force acquires military-grade weapons and uniforms, or uses military tactics instead of traditional community policing methods. The Latin root of militarization is militaris, "of soldiers or war."

Definitions of militarization

n the act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency

militarisation, mobilisation, mobilization
demobilisation, demobilization
act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops
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armament, arming, equipping
the act of equiping with weapons in preparation for war
conscription, draft, muster, selective service
compulsory military service
remilitarisation, remilitarization
the act of militarizing again
the act of renovating and fitting out a ship
the act of arming again
levy, levy en masse
the act of drafting into military service
Type of:
social control
control exerted (actively or passively) by group action

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