The process of becoming ready for conflict or war is militarization. Sometimes militarization refers to making a civilian organization resemble the armed forces—with uniforms or weapons, for example.

When a country prepares itself for war, that's militarization. And when military resources are sent somewhere—to the site of a natural disaster or a political demonstration, for example—that's also militarization. A more systemic kind of militarization happens when a city's police force acquires military-grade weapons and uniforms, or uses military tactics instead of traditional community policing methods. The Latin root of militarization is militaris, "of soldiers or war."

Definitions of militarization
  1. noun
    the act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency
    synonyms: militarisation, mobilisation, mobilization
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    demobilisation, demobilization
    act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops
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    armament, arming, equipping
    the act of equiping with weapons in preparation for war
    conscription, draft, muster, selective service
    compulsory military service
    remilitarisation, remilitarization
    the act of militarizing again
    the act of renovating and fitting out a ship
    the act of arming again
    levy, levy en masse
    the act of drafting into military service
    type of:
    social control
    control exerted (actively or passively) by group action
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