bring the association of to an end or cause to break up
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to
dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.
do away with
That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to
abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
lasting a very short time
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and
wrongfully seizing and holding by force
But when a long train of abuses and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
patient endurance especially of pain or distress
Such has been the patient
sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.
government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute
Tyranny over these States.
agreement with a statement or proposal to do something
He has refused his
Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
part with a possession or right
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would
relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into
compliance with his measures.
attempt by employing effort
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States
hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
annoy continually or chronically
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to
harass our People, and eat out their substance.
cause to become
He has affected to
render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
the right and power to interpret and apply the law
He has combined with others to subject us to a
jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws
charge and collect payment
imposing taxes on us without our Consent
keep from having, keeping, or obtaining
depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury
based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an
Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors
abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
make a pillaging or destructive raid on, as in wartime
He has plundered our seas,
ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
an event that results in total destruction
He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to compleat the works of death,
desolation and tyranny...
betrayal of a trust
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty &
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy of the Head of a civilized nation.
act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for
Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.
incapable of being justified or explained
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an
unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.
liberality in bestowing gifts
We have appealed to their native justice and
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.
relation by blood
They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of
agree or express agreement
We must, therefore,
acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
righteousness as a consequence of being honorable and honest
We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the
rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by the Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States
excuse or free from blame
Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved
a manifestation of God's foresightful care for his creatures
And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine
Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.