jurisdiction

Jurisdiction means having a legal right over something. A court can have jurisdiction over a legal question, a government can have jurisdiction over another country or territory. Even your parents could be said to have jurisdiction over you while you're under 18.

This noun jurisdiction descends from Latin jūrisdictiō, formed from jūris (from jūs "law") plus dictio "act of saying." Think of it as who has the right to "say" what's "the law." In the US, certain crimes are tried in state courts, but when a crime involves more than one state, jurisdiction moves to the federal court system, just as the local police step down and the investigation is handled by the FBI.

Definitions of jurisdiction
1

n in law; the territory within which power can be exercised

Types:
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abbacy
the jurisdiction or office of an abbot
archbishopric
the territorial jurisdiction of an archbishop
archdeaconry
the territorial jurisdiction of an archdeacon
bailiwick
the area over which a bailiff has jurisdiction
caliphate
the territorial jurisdiction of a caliph
bishopric, diocese, episcopate
the territorial jurisdiction of a bishop
justiciary
the jurisdiction of a justiciar
turf
range of jurisdiction or influence
parish
the local subdivision of a diocese committed to one pastor
patriarchate
the jurisdiction of a patriarch
venue
in law: the jurisdiction where a trial will be held
viceroyalty
a district or province governed by a viceroy
archdiocese
the diocese of an archbishop
eparchy, exarchate
a diocese of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Type of:
district, dominion, territorial dominion, territory
a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

n (law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law

“courts having jurisdiction in this district”
Synonyms:
legal power
Type of:
power, powerfulness
possession of controlling influence

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