use of the same consonant at the beginning of each word
passing reference or indirect mention
A reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing that is known from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or pop culture.
locating something at a time when it couldn't have existed
Examples: the clock and book mentioned in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar. In 44 B.C. there were no clocks; they used sundials to tell time. Also, there were no books; they used scrolls.
someone who offers opposition
The character who comes into conflict with the protagonist in a literary work.
the repetition of similar vowels in successive words
a narrative poem of popular origin
unrhymed poetry, usually in iambic pentameter
the act of describing essential features
direct characterization: where the author describes the character directly; i.e. john is a good soldier.
indirect characterization: where the author describes the character indirectly through actions, speech, appearance, private thoughts, or other characters responses.
the highest point of anything
The most intense or exciting moment in the story when something happens to decide the outcome of the conflict.
an open clash between two opposing groups
Internal Conflict: man vs. self
External Conflict: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. society, man vs. the supernatural
an idea that is implied or suggested
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests.
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
the outcome of a complex sequence of events
AKA resolution: the moment in a story where all problems are resolved, either happily or unhappily, and the story is closed (untying the knot)
a work intended for performance by actors on a stage
continuation from one line of verse into the next line
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
a collection of things for public display
A type of writing that explains, gives information, or clarifies and idea.
a literary work based on the imagination
figure of speech
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
a transition in a story to an earlier event or scene
the act of providing vague advance indications
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter
the ability to form mental pictures of things or events
a rhyme between words in the same line
incongruity between what might be expected and what occurs
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse
giving an account describing a course of events
prose writing that is not formed by the imagination
an extended fictional work in prose
using words that imitate the sound they denote
attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas
communication intended to induce belief or action
a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation
literature in metrical form
point of view
a mental position from which things are perceived
the principal character in a work of fiction
a stanza of four lines
alternation of stressed and unstressed elements in speech
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
analysis of verse into metrical patterns
the physical position of something
a figure of speech expressing a resemblance between things
a verse form of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
someone who expresses in language
The voice that is talking to us in a poem.
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
the distinctive property of a complex sound
The attitude a writer takes toward the reader, a subject, or a character.
one of three offspring born at the same time from the same pregnancy
a figure of speech that suggests a non-literal similarity
instructive, especially excessively
didactic literature: writing that aims primarily to teach (parables)
something visible that represents something invisible
speech you make to yourself
rhymed on the terminal syllables of the verses
of metrical units having an unstressed/stressed pattern
untressed, stressed syllable in a word: i.e. deny besiege
iambic pentameter: five iambs in a line of poetry (used in sonnets and Shakespeare's plays)
when the audience understands something the characters don't