a settled and monotonous routine that is hard to escape
The harder he worked, the deeper C.P. sank into the very
rut that had swallowed his father, even as he watched the less talented and shiftless children of the wealthy prosper.
lacking ambition or initiative
The harder he worked, the deeper C.P. sank into the very rut that had swallowed his father, even as he watched the less talented and
shiftless children of the wealthy prosper.
the act of despoiling a country in warfare
Ignorance, Lust and Hate seized the reins of State, and riot,
rapine and universal ruin reigned supreme...
...the highest form of cultured society was thrust down and its noble neck was forced under the iron heel of
pernicious passion who yielded a potent scepter of inquisitorial oppression...
elaborately or excessively ornamented
florid version of the myth is from the Kloran, the self-described “sacred book” of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the United Klans of America, the organization in which C.P. found a home and a purpose, and where he rose to become the Exalted Cyclops.
the act of giving a false appearance
It appropriates billions, as directed by the President, on the
pretense of helping the poor.
railed that “we must decide whether we will be ruled by sanity or ruined by savagery,” his audience knew exactly which “savages” Helms meant.
keep from happening or arising
Ann Atwater grew up poor, black, and female in the mid-twentieth-century South, all circumstances that
precluded her from buying into the myths that beguiled C.P.
influence by slyness
Ann Atwater grew up poor, black, and female in the mid-twentieth-century South, all circumstances that precluded her from buying into the myths that
incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
Editorials by Austin, an uncompromising advocate of
integration and full rights for blacks, had a national audience.
a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
In 1933, Austin and a small group of supporters attempted to enroll a black student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill—the first legal challenge to
segregation in higher education in America.
marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners
nattily dressed C. C. Spaulding, 1905.
avoid and stay away from deliberately
Spaulding represented a new kind of Southern black businessman,
eschewing the servile role whites demanded of blacks.
submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior
Spaulding represented a new kind of Southern black businessman, eschewing the
servile role whites demanded of blacks.
refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization
When King started the 1956 Birmingham bus
boycott, Moore had urged his friend to take the action nationwide, but King was not prepared to lead a mass movement at the time.
disposed to warfare or hard-line policies
C.P. Ellis, Exalted Cyclops of the Durham Ku Klux Klan (behind counter) with Ann Atwater, leader of United Organizations for Community Improvement, a
militant black protest group, at the opening of the school charrette, an effort to help Durham deal with problems associated with court-ordered school desegregation.
in a plucky or sporting manner
The truly daring, however,
gamely climbed into a rattan gondola, felt hats or straw bowlers grasped tightly in hand as a hot-air balloon lofted them skyward.
a loud harsh or strident noise
They rose with surprising speed into the clear North Carolina air until the
din of Lakewood was a distant murmur and the entire city of Durham lay beneath them.
a natural elevation
Hills flattened into nothingness, lowlands rose until they merged with
promontories, and every part of Durham was revealed and intelligible in the gelid light.
Hills flattened into nothingness, lowlands rose until they merged with promontories, and every part of Durham was revealed and intelligible in the
slow and apathetic
torpid, tattered little Durham had become the envy of the South.
showing a brooding ill humor
Morose by nature, there was little in his present circumstance to give Johnston any cheer.
foul and run-down and repulsive
The returning soldiers carried the only booty available in the
squalid town: the pale golden leaves of “bright” tobacco.
stake winnings from one bet on a subsequent wager
Green started Durham down the tobacco-lined path of prosperity, but another family, of even humbler origins, was responsible for
parlaying his good luck into a business empire rivaling the railroad and oil trusts of the North.
characterized by strong enthusiasm
ardent Methodist, he was an abstemious, plain-spoken man, tall and muscular, with a dry sense of humor.
marked by temperance in indulgence
An ardent Methodist, he was an
abstemious, plain-spoken man, tall and muscular, with a dry sense of humor.
formal separation from an alliance or federation
Like many citizens of the upper South, Duke opposed
prudence in avoiding waste
The W. Duke and Sons company grew steadily, thanks to the Dukes’ hard work and
frugality (“Wash” Duke and his sons slept in a single bed set up inside their factory).
the male head of family or tribe
“There are three things I never could understand,” the aging
patriarch once confessed. “Electricity, the Holy Ghost, and my son Buck."
the act of using technology to automate a process or system
mechanization wasn’t Duke’s only weapon in the struggle for market dominance.
driven by lust
The last technique moved his prudish father to fire off a letter complaining about the “
introduce or insert in a subtle manner
Even with his machines humming and advertisements for his products
insinuating themselves into all aspects of American life, Duke wasn’t satisfied with his market share.
strong desire to obtain and possess
With that achieved, Duke had turned his enormous talents (and equally immense
acquisitiveness) to other areas, and with similar results.
leave or give, especially by will after one's death
bequeath you my troubles and debts.
an adherent of a theory of observable practical consequences
pragmatist, however, Spaulding developed a strategy to win blacks over.
a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact
That fine spiritual fruit of honest toil, well expressed in the
adage, “Live and let live,” has characterized the attitude of the leading white men toward the colored race.
This means that the Negro has been allowed to stand on his own merit; he has not been
patronized as a dependent, neither has he met enmity and persecution because of his success or failure.
a state of deep-seated ill-will
This means that the Negro has been allowed to stand on his own merit; he has not been patronized as a dependent, neither has he met
enmity and persecution because of his success or failure.
standing above others in quality or position
And Durham’s reputation as a model for race relations was solidified in 1925 when the
eminent black sociologist E. Franklin Frazier declared the city the "Capital of the Black Middle Class...”
a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility
The U.S. State Department regularly brought African dignitaries to the city, to show the world that the stories in the sensationalist press about race problems in America were exaggerated or exceptions to the rule of racial