the visual percept of a region
Fountains tinkled musically here and there; the vast colonnade, open to the south, allowed the maidens, as they raised their heads from their embroideries, to gaze upon a
vista of rose-hued fields and groves of trees bearing fruits or laden with sweet-scented flowers.
with jealousy; in an envious manner
Some of the girls looked upon this object
enviously; the Sorceress merely gave it a glance and nodded her stately head as if pleased, for it meant the coming of her friend and mistress—the only one in all the land that Glinda bowed to.
marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield
I am sure it would be better for me to go peacefully, without an army and armed only with my authority as Ruler, and plead with them to obey me. Then, if they prove
obstinate I could resort to other means to win their obedience."
"Obstinate" also means "resistant to guidance or discipline"--since Ozma is seen as a wise ruler who would prefer to use her words to convince her subjects to be good, when they are being obstinate, they are rejecting her guidance. But because the Skeezers have already declared war on the Flatheads, the chosen definition is a stronger fit for the example sentence.
bitter conflict; heated often violent dissension
"I am fully determined to go at once to the Magic Isle of the Skeezers and to the enchanted mountain of the Flatheads, and prevent war and
strife between their inhabitants.
resist doing something
She longed to tell her girl friends, tiny Trot and Betsy Bobbin, of the adventure they were undertaking, but
refrained from saying a word on the subject although both these girls lived with her in Ozma's palace.
cross a river where it's shallow
At such times they crossed the fields, avoiding groups of trees and
fording the streams and rivulets whenever they came to them.
spring back, as from a forceful thrust
He turned swiftly and made a dash at Ozma, but she held her Magic Wand over his head and the monster
recoiled as if it had been struck.
After reading the next example sentence, you can see the pun in the author's choice of the word "recoil" to describe the motion of the monstrous Spider King. "Recoil" also means "draw back, as with fear or pain," which both girls should've done when they first saw the big heads, sharp claws, small eyes and fuzzy hair of the spiders, but their Magic Belt and Magic Wand gave them courage to stand and fight.
climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
Ozma and Dorothy ran as fast as they could and although the angry spiders threw a number of strands of web after them, hoping to lasso them or entangle them in the coils, they managed to escape and
clamber to the top of the hill.
formality and propriety of manner
At ordinary times Ozma was just like any little girl one might chance to meet—simple, merry, lovable as could be—yet with a certain
reserve that lent her dignity in her most joyous moods.
mark as different
Presently out from the billows rose beautiful forms, clothed in fleecy, trailing garments of gray that could scarcely be
distinguished from the mist.
"Distinguish" also means "detect with the senses"--Dorothy could scarcely distinguish the Mist Maids because she could not distinguish the fairies' gray, fleecy clothes from the clouds. But as a distinguished ("standing above others in character or attainment") magical being, Ozma knows the Mist Maids would soon appear to answer her call.
deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress
Their hair was mist-color, too; only their gleaming arms and sweet,
pallid faces proved they were living, intelligent creatures answering the call of a sister fairy.
"Pallid" is usually used to describe a human who is sick, but here, it is being used to emphasize the otherworldly nature of the fairies who live in the clouds.
temporary loss of strength and energy from hard work
"Instead of happiness your plan would bring
weariness to the world. If every one could wave a wand and have his wants fulfilled there would be little to wish for. There would be no eager striving to obtain the difficult, for nothing would then be difficult, and the pleasure of earning something longed for, and only to be secured by hard work and careful thought, would be utterly lost. There would be nothing to do you see, and no interest in life and in our fellow creatures.
The given definition is the opposite of what Ozma is warning against. She is actually encouraging weariness that results from hard physical or mental work, in order to prevent the weariness that would make one lose interest in life and others.
I think that is what makes us modest and
unassuming—the fact that our magic arts are divided, some being given each of us.
any structure that makes progress difficult
The girls went in, single file, and Ozma explained that they were now behind the barrier and could go back to the entrance. They met no further
However, Ozma drew her silver wand from her bosom and the great jewel at its end gave out a
lustrous, green-tinted light which lighted the place well enough for them to see their way plainly.
put into service
Walls of rock separated the dwellings, and all the paths were paved with smooth slabs of rock. This seemed their only building material and they
utilized it cleverly for every purpose.
lose or lose the right to by some error, offense, or crime
Then I made a law that if anyone stole another's brains, or even tried to borrow them, he would
forfeit his own brains to the Su-dic.
audacious behavior that you have no right to
Dorothy was amazed by this
effrontery and defiance of the beautiful girl Ruler of Oz, whom all until now had obeyed without question.
Because the Supreme Dictator is used to being obeyed by the Flatheads, he audaciously disobeys Ozma and threatens to make her and Dorothy his prisoners. Dorothy may think the Su-Dic has no right to be so arrogant, but he disagrees because he believes he is more powerful than Ozma.
a shrine where a prophetic god is consulted
"I know who you are, for I have consulted my Magic
Oracle, which told me that one calls herself Princess Ozma, the Ruler of all the Land of Oz, and the other is Princess Dorothy of Oz, who came from a country called Kansas.
given to arguing
Ozma did not like this attitude, for it meant that the Skeezers were eager to fight the Flatheads, and Ozma's object in coming here was to prevent fighting and induce the two
quarrelsome neighbors to make peace.
You two girls may even be spies of the
vile Flatheads, for all I know, and may be trying to trick me.
having or showing arrogant superiority to
Queen Coo-ee-oh gave the girl a
leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
"I see you've a lot to do here, Ozma, in this
forsaken corner of the Land of Oz.
someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
Coo-ee-oh pretended to be very grateful for these favors, but it seems that all the time she was jealous of the three
Adepts and secretly tried to discover their arts of magic.
emitting light as a result of being heated
When night fell all the interior of the Great Dome, streets and houses, became lighted with brilliant
incandescent lamps, which rendered it bright as day.
revelry and feasting in the Queen's palace, and the music of the royal band could be plainly heard in Lady Aurex's house, where Ozma and Dorothy remained with their hostess and keeper.
By this time the top of the dome was quite under water and suddenly the island stopped sinking and became
separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
The door instantly closed behind it and the dark object
cleaved its way through the water, without rising to the surface, directly toward the place where the Flatheads were standing.
The dark object cleaving the water is a submarine. The use of the verb "cleave" emphasizes the weapon-like nature of the submarine, which the Queen of the Skeezers is planning to use to fight the Flatheads. It also emphasizes the nature of the water to Dorothy and Ozma, who are currently trapped within a submerged island and could use a sharp instrument to cut through the dome and water.
feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses
The Su-dic stopped short and looked at the overturned vessel with a
The Su-Dic is not rueful because of any sins or offenses he'd committed against others; rather, he is sad that his own dancing knocked over the vessel and spilled out all the poison he was going to use to kill the fishes (including the three magic Adepts who could take away his power).
improperly forward or bold
marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
"In such a dilemma," said she, musingly, "nothing is gained by haste. Careful thought may aid us, and so may the course of events. The unexpected is always likely to happen, and cheerful patience is better than
act in an undignified, unworthy, or dishonorable way
On the contrary, such magic as Coo-ee-oh knew and practiced is unlawful witchcraft and her arts are such as no fairy would
condescend to use.
a large gathering of people of a particular type
Glinda, the Good, in her palace in the Quadling Country, had many things to occupy her mind, for not only did she look after the weaving and embroidery of her
bevy of maids, and assist all those who came to her to implore her help—beasts and birds as well as people—but she was a close student of the arts of sorcery and spent much time in her Magical Laboratory, where she strove to find a remedy for every evil and to perfect her skill in magic.
not carefully or expertly made
Jack's body was very
crude and awkward, being formed of limbs of trees of different sizes, jointed with wooden pegs.
clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion
His long-tailed coat was of velvet, his vest of satin and his trousers of finest silk. There were diamond buckles on his shoes and he carried a gold-headed cane and a high silk hat. All of the bright colors were represented in his rich
attire, so it tired one's eyes to look at him for long, until one became used to his splendor.
a coating that provides a hard, lustrous finish to a surface
The Wizard wasn't exactly handsome but he was pleasant to look at. His bald head was as shiny as if it had been
varnished; there was always a merry twinkle in his eyes and he was as spry as a schoolboy.
an organized group of people undertaking a journey
Magic must meet magic in order to conquer it, so these two skillful magic-workers were necessary to insure the success of the
a plant or animal naturalized in a region
There are dangers in the forest, of course, but as the huge Lion headed the party he kept the wild
denizens of the wilderness from bothering the travelers.
summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture
beckoned the Diamond Swan, which swam gracefully to a position near them.
gather, as of natural products
When they had
gleaned all the information they could from these Skeezers, the Wizard said to Glinda: "If you find you can make this boat obey your sorcery, you could have it return to the island, submerge itself, and enter the door in the basement from which it came.
marked by or showing hopelessness
The little Wizard seemed to think that this was rather a
"This" refers to Glinda the Good's belief that "the best plan will be to summon the three fishes and learn from them how to raise the island." Despite knowing the fishes are magical, the Wizard thinks this is a forlorn plan because he doesn't believe that fishes can be summoned because they can't hear.
decorate with strings of flowers
Horned toads hopped about; each of the four upper corners of the room was
festooned with a thick cobweb, in the center of which sat a spider as big around as a washbasin, and armed with pincher-like claws;
having or revealing little emotion or sensibility
All the creatures, after this first attack, remained motionless, as if awaiting orders. The old gray ape knitted on, not looking toward Ervic now, and the young Skeezer stolidly kept his seat.
annoyed and irritable
"People accuse me of being cross and
crabbed and unsociable, and they are quite right. If you had come here pleading and begging for favors, and half afraid of my Yookoohoo magic, I'd have abused you until you ran away; but you're quite different from that. You're the unsociable and
crabbed and disagreeable one, and so I like you, and bear with your grumpiness.
something immaterial that interferes with or delays action
"It seems a shame, after we have made the boat obey us, to be
balked by just a marble door," grumbled the Wizard.
A better definition for how "balk" is used here is "to stop short and refuse to go on"--but even that does not perfectly fit the example sentence, since the Wizard is saying that they have been balked, which means the door (which is made of the strong material of marble) is the one stopping them and refusing to allow them to go on.
pull back or move away or backward
This chant they repeated again and again, swaying their arms gently from side to side, and in a few minutes the watchers behind them noticed that the lake had begun to
recede from the shore.
a device or control that is very useful for a particular job
"It is a clever
contrivance, but won't work unless one knows the magic words."
enclosed firmly in a surrounding mass
If the lower end of the steel pillar is firmly
embedded in the bottom of the lake, Coo-ee-oh could utter a magic word that would make the pillar expand, and so lift the entire island to the level of the water."
cause to move forward with force
It was half filled with a grayish powder, the tiny grains of which constantly moved as if
impelled by some living force.
cause to become
Taking them one at a time, she had the can of brains that belonged to each one opened and the contents spread on the flat head, after which, by means of her arts of sorcery, she caused the head to grow over the brains—in the manner most people wear them—and they were thus
rendered as intelligent and good looking as any of the other inhabitants of the Land of Oz.