not to be explained
Her uncle and aunt listened to her stories eagerly and in spite of their doubts began to feel that the little girl had gained a lot of experience and wisdom that were
unaccountable in this age, when fairies are supposed no longer to exist.
the property of being extremely abundant
The Emerald City is built all of beautiful marbles in which are set a
profusion of emeralds, every one exquisitely cut and of very great size.
call upon in supplication
The girl Ruler had even made Dorothy a Princess of Oz, and had often
implored her to come to Ozma's stately palace and live there always; but Dorothy had been loyal to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry, who had cared for her since she was a baby, and she had refused to leave them because she knew they would be lonely without her.
The use of the verb "implore" shows how loved and valued Dorothy is, especially since she is being implored by someone who is used to being loved, valued and obeyed by most of the inhabitants of Oz. Not always in Kansas anymore, Dorothy is now both a simple farm girl and a princess in a palace.
diffusing warmth and friendliness
That evening Dorothy had many callers, and among them were such important people as Tiktok, a machine man who thought and spoke and moved by clockwork; her old companion the
genial Shaggy Man; Jack Pumpkinhead, whose body was brush-wood and whose head was a ripe pumpkin with a face carved upon it;
free of artificiality; sincere and genuine
Dorothy agreed to this, although she knew that neither gowns nor jewels could make her anything else than the simple,
unaffected little girl she had always been.
prepare oneself for a military confrontation
He did not wish his armies to appear above ground in the Country of the Winkies, which was the part of the Land of Oz nearest to King Roquat's own country, as then the people would give the alarm and enable Ozma to
fortify the Emerald City and assemble an army.
In general, "fortify" means to "make strong or stronger"--the chosen definition for the example sentence gives a specific need to make something strong. One method of fortifying a city, aside from assembling an army, is suggested through another definition of the word: "enclose by walls around a stronghold."
steadiness of mind under stress
He accepted his good fortune with calm
composure and refused to have a servant to assist him.
The result of this wise
persistence was that the General finally reached firmer soil and, after penetrating a dense forest, came to the Dominion of the Growleywogs.
incapable of being overcome or subdued
"I'm the Lord High General of the
Invincible Army of the Nomes, and my name is Guph," was the reply. "All the world trembles when that name is mentioned."
The Growleywogs gave a shout of jeering laughter at this, and one of them caught the Nome in his strong arms and tossed him high into the air. Guph was considerably shaken when he fell upon the hard ground, but he appeared to take no notice of the
impertinence and composed himself to speak again to the Grand Gallipoot.
attempt by employing effort
But Uncle Henry and Aunt Em had some trouble in getting used to the finery and pomp and ceremony of Ozma's palace, and felt uneasy because they were obliged to be "dressed up" all the time. Yet every one was very courteous and kind to them and
endeavored to make them happy.
Compare the example sentences here to the previous two words'. Guph arrived uninvited thinking he's great, while Uncle Henry and Aunt Em were magically brought into a palace that they think is too great for them. Readers can guess which attitude the author prefers by the impertinence Guph receives and the courteous endeavors Uncle Henry and Aunt Em are treated to.
your usual mood
The Shaggy Man had shaggy whiskers and hair, but a sweet
disposition and a soft, pleasant voice.
in a self-satisfied manner
"This college," said Professor Wogglebug,
complacently, "is a great success. Its educational value is undisputed, and we are turning out many great and valuable citizens every year."
The author is both appealing to his young readers' dream of school and making fun of Professor Wogglebug's complacent attitude. Readers might want to play sports all day in school, but they understand that a successful education in our world requires more work than swallowing pills, and valuable citizens would want to work hard at making themselves and society great.
an expert manner of speaking involving control of voice
You see, the chicken had eaten an
providing no shelter or sustenance
He did not know that these despised rock heaps of the Phanfasms were merely deceptions to his own eyes, nor could he guess that he was standing in the midst of one of the most splendid and luxurious cities ever built by magic power. All that he saw was a
barren waste of rock heaps, a hairy man with an owl's head and another with a bear's head.
a vast multitude
Here he gave a curious wailing cry, and, as if in answer, from all the rocky huts on the mountain-top came flocking a
horde of Phanfasms, all with hairy bodies, but wearing heads of various animals, birds and reptiles.
"Horde" and "multitude" are synonyms that are both used to describe the many Phanfasms; before they appear to show their powers to Guph, they try to scare him as "an unseen multitude" that stares, rustles, approaches, and echoes laughter.
conceal or hide
All were ferocious and repulsive-looking to the deceived eyes of the Nome, and Guph could not
repress a shudder of disgust as he looked upon them.
cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly
Then we will destroy the Whimsies, the Growleywogs and the Nomes, and afterward go out to
ravage and annoy and grieve the whole world."
spread by scattering
The strangers entered the first house they came to, which was also the largest, and found the floor
strewn with pieces of the people who lived there.
living quarters provided for public convenience
"This," said the Wizard, pointing to the first tent, "is for the
accommodation of the ladies.
the state of having important effects or influence
"So you see," continued the zebra, addressing the crab, "here are people of real
consequence, who know what they are talking about."
easily irritated or annoyed
"Then they know there's more water in the world than there is land," asserted the crab, in a shrill,
disturb, especially by minor irritations
"Do! Do, you ignoramus!" shouted the crab, as loudly as his little voice would carry. "
Rile some other pool with your clumsy hoofs, and let your betters alone after this!"
engagingly stimulating or provocative
"Your remarks are
piquant and highly-seasoned, but you need a scattering of commonsense.
the courage to carry on
"But now that the foolish deed is done let us all prove our
mettle and have a slashing good time."
Just as the King is referring to a pepperbox with the adjectives "piquant" and "highly-seasoned" (in the previous example sentence), the speaker of the example sentence here who seeks to "prove our mettle" is a carving knife made of metal. The entire scene in Utensia is filled with puns.
characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
So she said, addressing the King, who seemed very unfit to rule his
turbulent subjects: "I wish you'd decide my fate right away. I can't stay here all day, trying to find out what you're going to do with me."
They looked at one another undecidedly, and then one
portly bun man, who seemed a person of consequence, stepped forward and said: "Little girl, to be frank with you, we are all eatables.
devouring or craving food in great quantities
Everything in Bunbury is eatable to
ravenous human creatures like you.
suffering from a liver disorder or gastric distress
But don't think I'm
bilious, for I was never in better health in my life," replied the old gentleman. "If anything ailed me, I'd willingly acknowledge the corn."
"Bilious" also means "irritable as if suffering from indigestion"--but this definition does not apply to Johnny Cake, who is cheerfully explaining to Dorothy why he's yellow.
conspicuous in position or importance
It was a large picture, set in a beautiful gold frame, and it hung in a
prominent place upon a wall of Ozma's private room.
characterized by dignity and propriety
Back of the bars appeared the face of a white rabbit--a very sober and
sedate face--with an eye-glass held in his left eye and attached to a cord in his button-hole.
a written message addressed to a person or organization
"It will please me to have my subjects greet Princess Dorothy, the bearer of this royal
missive, with the same courtesy and consideration they would extend to me."
a platform raised above the surrounding level
There was a throne in this room, set on a
dais and having a big, cushioned seat, and on this seat reclined the Rabbit King.
grievously affected especially by disease
"But I am," protested the King, fresh tears gathering in his eyes. "Even my jokes are miserable. I'm wretched, woeful,
afflicted, distressed and dismal as an individual can be. Are you not sorry for me?"
"Wretched," "woeful," and "distressed" are synonyms for "afflicted" and the use of these words doesn't make Dorothy feel sorry for the King. The adjective "dismal" is included by the author to make fun of the King. Because the King is so dismal, he can't appreciate what he has--until Dorothy forces him to think about giving it all up to a better king who could make his subjects happy.
faltered; "that may be so. But I've dressed up so long that I'm used to it, and I don't imagine I'd care to run around naked again. So perhaps the Good Glinda will let me keep the costumes."
adroitness in using the hands
Their spears, or pikes, had slender shafts of polished silver with golden heads, and during the drill they handled these weapons with wonderful
charming in a childlike or naive way
And now you shall listen to the
Winsome Waggish Warblers, who have often cheered me in my moments of anguish."
carefree and happy and lighthearted
Each is very
Blithe and merry,
Gamboling with laughter droll.
"Seems like the only common and ordinary folks here are ourselves," rejoined Aunt Em, diffidently.
producing in abundance
Aunt Em found, to her satisfaction, that Dorothy's promise was more than fulfilled; for, although the Tin Woodman had no appetite of his own, he respected the appetites of his guests and saw that they were bountifully fed.
occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant fashion
In one corner of the gardens Nick Chopper had established a fish-pond in which they saw swimming and
disporting themselves many pretty tin fishes.
close in time; about to occur
As they indulged in these sad plans for the future they journeyed in sight of the Scarecrow's new mansion, and even though filled with care and worry over the
impending fate of Oz, Dorothy couldn't help a feeling of wonder at the sight she saw.
destroy and strip of its possession
It is surely time enough to be sad when our country is
despoiled and our people made slaves.
with sadness; in a sorrowful manner
"I had expected to live here in ease and comfort for many centuries," said Jack,
dolefully; "but of course if the Nome King destroys everything in Oz I shall be destroyed too.
extremely impressive in strength or excellence
Now a still more
formidable creature entered the cavern. It was the First and Foremost of the Phanfasms and he proudly sat down in King Roquat's own throne and demanded the right to lead his forces through the tunnel in advance of all the others.
make off with belongings of others
They were dreadful beings, indeed, and longed to get to Oz that they might begin to
pilfer and destroy.
cause to suffer
"My tin brains are very bright, but that is all I claim for them," said Nick Chopper, modestly. "Yet I do not aspire to being very wise, for I have noticed that the happiest people are those who do not let their brains
This philosophical discussion of wisdom is taking place immediately before the arrival of an enemy who is using his brains to try and oppress Oz. Even though Nick Chopper, the Scarecrow, Jack Pumpkinhead, and Tiktok are all talking about their own brains, the scene reveals the author's thoughts on how much thinking one should do and act upon.
satisfy, as thirst
The other Growleywogs were not slow to follow suit, and even before they had finished drinking the Chief of the Whimsies and his people came to push them away, while they one and all cast off their false heads that they might
slake their thirst at the fountain.
a state of deep-seated ill-will
They had forgotten all their
enmity against Ozma and against Oz.
having self-possession upset; thrown into confusion
The writer of these Oz stories has received a little note from Princess Dorothy of Oz which, for a time, has made him feel rather
disconcerted. The note was written on a broad, white feather from a stork's wing, and it said:
"YOU WILL NEVER HEAR ANYTHING MORE ABOUT OZ, BECAUSE WE ARE NOW CUT OFF FOREVER FROM ALL THE REST OF THE WORLD. BUT TOTO AND I WILL ALWAYS LOVE YOU AND ALL THE OTHER CHILDREN WHO LOVE US.
This note is a little disconcerting, because the author is making himself seem like a fictional character who is friends with Dorothy, which is very different from the tone he takes in his letters to his readers, whom he credits for helping him to develop his characters and stories. Baum had originally intended this book to be the last Oz story, so this was his way of ending the series.