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Medical Terminology

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  1. abdominal
    relating to or near the middle region of the body
  2. abdominoplasty
    cosmetic surgery of the abdomen to remove wrinkles and tighten the skin over the stomach
  3. abdominocentesis
    centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis
  4. abdominal aorta
    a branch of the descending aorta
  5. abdominous
    having a large belly
  6. abduction
    the criminal act of carrying someone away by force
  7. aberrant
    markedly different from an accepted norm
  8. abiogenesis
    a hypothetical organic phenomenon by which living organisms are created from nonliving matter
  9. acrocyanosis
    cyanosis of the extremities
  10. acrophobia
    a morbid fear of great heights
  11. acromegaly
    enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face
  12. active
    characterized by energetic movement
  13. acute
    ending in a sharp point
  14. acute gastritis
    gastritis caused by ingesting an irritant
  15. acute pyelonephritis
    pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection
  16. tendon
    a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment
  17. adduction
    moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
  18. adenitis
    inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  19. adenocarcinoma
    malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  20. adenoma
    a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  21. adhesion
    the property of sticking together
  22. afebrile
    having no fever
  23. akinesia
    motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  24. alopecia
    partial or complete loss of hair
  25. amenia
    absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  26. amenorrhea
    absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  27. amniocentesis
    (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities
  28. amnion
    thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  29. amniotic
    of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  30. amniotic fluid
    the serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended inside the amnion
  31. amniotic sac
    thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  32. analgesia
    absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  33. anastomosis
    a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
  34. anemia
    a deficiency of red blood cells
  35. anemic
    relating to or having a deficiency of red blood cells
  36. anencephalous
    characterized by partial or total absence of a brain
  37. anesthesia
    loss of bodily sensation
  38. anesthesiologist
    a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
  39. anesthesiology
    the branch of medical science that studies and applies anesthetics
  40. aneurysm
    an abnormal bulge caused by weakening of an artery wall
  41. angioplasty
    an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  42. neurofibroma
    tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  43. angiology
    the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders
  44. Anodonta
    thin-shelled freshwater mussels
  45. anomaly
    deviation from the normal or common order, form, or rule
  46. anopia
    sightlessness
  47. anorexia
    a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  48. antepartum
    occurring or existing before birth
  49. antipyretic
    preventing or alleviating fever
  50. anuresis
    inability to urinate
  51. anuria
    inability to urinate
  52. aphasia
    inability to use language because of a brain lesion
  53. aplasia
    failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  54. apnea
    temporary cessation of breathing, especially while sleeping
  55. apneic
    of or relating to apnea
  56. arteriosclerosis
    sclerosis of the arterial walls
  57. arthritis
    inflammation of a joint or joints
  58. arthroplasty
    surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
  59. asepsis
    the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  60. asymptomatic
    having no signs or manifestations of an illness or disease
  61. atherosclerotic
    of or relating to atherosclerosis
  62. atrophy
    a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
  63. benign
    kind in disposition or manner
  64. biopsy
    the removal and examination of tissue from a living body
  65. blastoderm
    a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula
  66. blastoderm
    a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula
  67. blepharitis
    inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  68. blepharitis
    inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  69. blepharospasm
    spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  70. blepharism
    condition in which a person blinks continuously
  71. bradycardia
    abnormally slow heartbeat
  72. bradycardia
    abnormally slow heartbeat
  73. bronchiolitis
    inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  74. bronchitis
    inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  75. bronchopneumonia
    pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  76. bronchoscope
    a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes
  77. bronchospasm
    a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
  78. carcinogenic
    causing or tending to cause cancer
  79. carcinoma
    any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue
  80. cardiac arrest
    absence of systole
  81. cardiology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  82. cardiologist
    a specialist in the structure and function of the heart
  83. cardiology
    the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  84. cardiomegaly
    an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  85. carditis
    inflammation of the heart
  86. cauterization
    the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
  87. central
    in or near an inner area
  88. cephalalgia
    pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  89. cephalic
    of or relating to the head
  90. cephalometry
    measurement of human heads
  91. cerebrospinal
    of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  92. cerebrovascular
    of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  93. cerebrum
    anterior part of the brain consisting of two hemispheres
  94. cheilitis
    inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  95. cheiloschisis
    a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  96. cheilosis
    a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
  97. chemotherapy
    the use of drugs to treat disease, especially cancer
  98. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    abnormal respiration in which periods of shallow and deep breathing alternate
  99. cholecystectomy
    surgical removal of the gall bladder
  100. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gall bladder
  101. cholecalciferol
    a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  102. abdominous
    having a large belly
  103. chondrodystrophy
    an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  104. chronic
    long-lasting or characterized by long suffering
  105. chronic pyelonephritis
    pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated; often associated with a kidney stone or with narrowing of the urinary passageways
  106. circumduction
    a circular movement of a limb or eye
  107. climacteric
    the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  108. colic
    acute abdominal pain, especially in infants
  109. colitis
    inflammation of the colon
  110. celiocentesis
    removal of fluid from the abdomen by centesis
  111. colonoscope
    an elongated fiberoptic endoscope for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum
  112. conception
    the creation of something in the mind
  113. corneal
    of or related to the cornea
  114. coronary thrombosis
    obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  115. craniotomy
    a surgical opening through the skull
  116. craniometer
    an instrument for measuring skull sizes
  117. uranoplasty
    surgical correction of a defect of the palate
  118. cranium
    the part of the skull that encloses the brain
  119. cryptorchidism
    failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  120. cyanosis
    a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
  121. cystoparalysis
    paralysis of the urinary bladder
  122. cystoplegia
    paralysis of the urinary bladder
  123. cystitis
    inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  124. cytoplast
    the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
  125. defibrillation
    treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles
  126. dehiscence
    release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue
  127. dental
    of or relating to the teeth
  128. odontalgia
    an ache localized in or around a tooth
  129. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  130. dermatologist
    a doctor who specializes in the physiology of the skin
  131. dermatome
    a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin
  132. dermatosis
    disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin
  133. diagnosis
    identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  134. diagnostician
    a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
  135. diaphragm
    a muscular partition in the chest used in respiration
  136. dilation
    the act of making an opening wider
  137. diplococcus
    Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs
  138. diplopia
    visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  139. disease
    an impairment of health
  140. distal
    situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
  141. dorsally
    in a dorsal location or direction
Created on April 4, 2013 (updated April 4, 2013)

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