a medical dressing spread on a cloth and applied to the skin
Clover treated the hoof with
poultices of herbs which she prepared by chewing them, and both she and Benjamin urged Boxer to work less
regular payment to allow a person to subsist without working
pensions had been agreed upon.
too old to be useful
Now that the small field beyond the orchard had been set aside for barley, it was rumoured that a corner of the large pasture was to be fenced off and turned into a grazing-ground for
having sections or patches colored differently and brightly
The young pigs were
piebald, and as Napoleon was the only boar on the farm, it was possible to guess at their parentage.
large deep serving dish with a cover
And the news soon leaked out that every pig was now receiving a ration of a pint of beer daily, with half a gallon for Napoleon himself, which was always served to him in the Crown Derby soup
make up for
But if there were hardships to be borne, they were partly
offset by the fact that life nowadays had a greater dignity than it had had before.
said or done without having been planned in advance
Napoleon had commanded that once a week there should be held something called a
Spontaneous Demonstration, the object of which was to celebrate the struggles and triumphs of Animal Farm.
guilt as a confederate in a crime or offense
On the same day it was given out that fresh documents had been discovered which revealed further details about Snowball’s
complicity with Jones.
a smooth three-beat gait
Clover tried to stir her stout limbs to a gallop, and achieved a
marked by boisterous merriment or convulsive laughter
That night there was the sound of
uproarious singing, which was followed by what sounded like a violent quarrel and ended at about eleven o’clock with a tremendous crash of glass.
a chronic drinker
Jones too was dead—he had died in an
inebriates’ home in another part of the country.
showing a brooding ill humor
Only old Benjamin was much the same as ever, except for being a little greyer about the muzzle, and, since Boxer’s death, more
morose and taciturn than ever.
habitually reserved and uncommunicative
Only old Benjamin was much the same as ever, except for being a little greyer about the muzzle, and, since Boxer’s death, more morose and
taciturn than ever.
relating to or characteristic of or befitting an offspring
They accepted everything that they were told about the Rebellion and the principles of Animalism, especially from Clover, for whom they had an almost
filial respect; but it was doubtful whether they understood very much of it.
a coil that rotates between the poles of an electromagnet
The animals were hard at work building yet another windmill; when that one was finished, so it was said, the
dynamos would be installed.
The truest happiness, he said, lay in working hard and living
without hope of solution
There was nothing with which they could compare their present lives: they had nothing to go upon except Squealer’s lists of figures, which invariably demonstrated that everything was getting better and better. The animals found the problem
insoluble; in any case, they had little time for speculating on such things now.
He would end his remarks, he said, by emphasising once again the friendly feelings that
subsisted, and ought to
subsist, between Animal Farm and its neighbours.
a message whose ingenuity has the power to evoke laughter
Here it became apparent that Mr. Pilkington was about to spring some carefully prepared
witticism on the company, but for a moment he was too overcome by amusement to be able to utter it.
in opposition to an established system or government
For a long time there had been rumours—circulated, he had reason to think, by some malignant enemy—that there was something
subversive and even revolutionary in the outlook of himself and his colleagues.
put down by force or authority
Hitherto the animals on the farm had had a rather foolish custom of addressing one another as “Comrade.” This was to be
sediment that has settled at the bottom of a liquid
There was the same hearty cheering as before, and the mugs were emptied to the
having an illustrious reputation; respected
There, round the long table, sat half a dozen farmers and half a dozen of the more
eminent pigs, Napoleon himself occupying the seat of honour at the head of the table.
necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding
But before doing so, there were a few words that he felt it
incumbent upon him to say.
uneasiness about the fitness of an action
There had been a time—not that he, or any of the present company, had shared such sentiments—but there had been a time when the respected proprietors of Animal Farm had been regarded, he would not say with hostility, but perhaps with a certain measure of
misgiving, by their human neighbours.