a fictitious reason that conceals the real reason
On every kind of
pretext she would run away from work and go to the drinking pool, where she would stand foolishly gazing at her own reflection in the water.
in a joyous, carefree, or unconcerned manner
One day, as Mollie strolled
blithely into the yard, flirting her long tail and chewing at a stalk of hay, Clover took her aside.
a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes
This morning I saw you looking over the
hedge that divides Animal Farm from Foxwood.
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
It had come to be accepted that the pigs, who were
manifestly cleverer than the other animals, should decide all questions of farm policy, though their decisions had to be ratified by a majority vote.
remote in manner
Only Napoleon held
aloof. He had declared himself against the windmill from the start.
get by special effort
(How these were to be
procured, Snowball did not say.)
a dissenting clique
The animals formed themselves into two
factions under the slogans, “Vote for Snowball and the three-day week” and “Vote for Napoleon and the full manger.”
being in a tense state
They had all the more reason for doing so because the news of their defeat had spread across the countryside and made the animals on the neighbouring farms more
restive than ever.
push for something
When the animals had assembled in the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for
advocating the building of the windmill.
In glowing sentences he painted a picture of Animal Farm as it might be when
sordid labour was lifted from the animals' backs.
farm machine that gathers a food crop from the fields
Electricity, he said, could operate threshing machines, ploughs, harrows, rollers, and
reapers and binders, besides supplying every stall with its own electric light, hot and cold water, and an electric heater.
act as executive officer
In future all questions relating to the working of the farm would be settled by a special committee of pigs,
presided over by himself.
the act of forcing out someone or something
In spite of the shock that Snowball’s
expulsion had given them, the animals were dismayed by this announcement.
dig up for reburial or for medical investigation
The skull of old Major, now clean of flesh, had been
disinterred from the orchard and set up on a stump at the foot of the flagstaff, beside the gun.
a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate
There was a good
quarry of limestone on the farm, and plenty of sand and cement had been found in one of the outhouses, so that all the materials for building were at hand.
join with stable gear, as two draft animals
The horses carried it off in cart-loads, the sheep dragged single blocks, even Muriel and Benjamin
yoked themselves into an old governess-cart and did their share.
capable of being farmed productively
And again, since no animal now stole, it was unnecessary to fence off pasture from
arable land, which saved a lot of labour on the upkeep of hedges and gates.
a British lawyer who gives legal advice
A Mr. Whymper, a
solicitor living in Willingdon, had agreed to act as intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world, and would visit the farm every Monday morning to receive his instructions.
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
A Mr. Whymper, a solicitor living in Willingdon, had agreed to act as
intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world, and would visit the farm every Monday morning to receive his instructions.
accept as inevitable
Nevertheless, the sight of Napoleon, on all fours, delivering orders to Whymper, who stood on two legs, roused their pride and partly
reconciled them to the new arrangement.
the absence of mental stress or anxiety
You would not rob us of our
repose, would you, comrades? You would not have us too tired to carry out our duties?
walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
After the harvest there was a stretch of clear dry weather, and the animals toiled harder than ever, thinking it well worth while to
plod to and fro all day with blocks of stone if by doing so they could raise the walls another foot.
impressive in appearance
In their spare moments the animals would walk round and round the half-finished mill, admiring the strength and perpendicularity of its walls and marvelling that they should ever have been able to build anything so
evil or harmful in nature or influence
malignity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion, this traitor has crept here under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly a year.
a feeling of righteous anger
There was a cry of
indignation, and everyone began thinking out ways of catching Snowball if he should ever come back.