saturation

Saturation means holding as much moisture as possible. When you water your houseplants, you may soak them until the soil around each plant reaches saturation.

The noun saturation means the act of completely soaking something until it's absorbed as much water as it can. Imagine a sponge that can't get any more wet, and you'll have an idea of what saturation means. When you're talking about art, saturation means the amount of bright, undiluted color in a painting or photograph, usually colors that are quite intense and unshaded. The Latin root saturatus means "to fill, sate, or drench."

Definitions of saturation
1

n the process of totally saturating something with a substance

“the saturation of cotton with ether”
Synonyms:
impregnation
Type of:
permeation, pervasion, suffusion
the process of permeating or infusing something with a substance

n the act of soaking thoroughly with a liquid

Type of:
filling
the act of filling something

n a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence

Types:
saturation point
(chemistry) the stage at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution or in a vapor
dew point
the temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins
Type of:
condition, status
a state at a particular time

n chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue

Synonyms:
chroma, intensity, vividness
Type of:
color property
an attribute of color

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.