To request something means to formally ask for it. If you're sick of always getting a middle seat on the airplane, put in a request for the aisle or window next time.

You can request something you want, like extra cheese on your pizza, or a better parking space, but you can also "put in a request." Request has a formal quality, as in "request forms." After all, you won't find any "ask forms" out there. Asking for something is one thing, making a request is another. It's more official. If you want to request a certain professor, you'd better put in a request!

Definitions of request
  1. verb
    express the need or desire for; ask for
    “She requested an extra bed in her room”
    synonyms: bespeak, call for, quest
    call for, invite
    request the participation or presence of
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    make a request for something
    make a request or demand for something to somebody
    request an encore, from a performer
    write a petition for something to somebody; request formally and in writing
    request urgently and forcefully
    appeal, invoke
    request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection
    ask for humbly or earnestly, as in prayer
    ask (for something)
    beg, solicit, tap
    make a solicitation or entreaty for something; request urgently or persistently
    obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance
    ask for identification
    beg off, excuse
    ask for permission to be released from an engagement
    ask to be informed of
    ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example
    call for, invite
    request the participation or presence of
    ask in, invite
    ask to enter
    express a desire for
    ask to obtain free
    arrogate, claim, lay claim
    demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to
    ask over, ask round, invite
    invite someone to one's house
    call a meeting; invite or command to meet
    ask out, invite out, take out
    make a date
    book, hold, reserve
    arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
    wish or demand the presence of
    make a new request to be supplied with
    to arrange for
    make a solicitation or petition for something desired
    order or request or give a command for
    ask, expect, require
    consider obligatory; request and expect
    make a humble, earnest petition
    appeal or request earnestly
    clamor, clamour
    make loud demands
    seek alms, as for religious purposes
    call on, turn
    have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to
    book up
    book all available places or tickets
    persistently ask for overdue payment
    order politely; express a wish for
    demand, exact
    claim as due or just
    set up a claim in opposition to a previous claim
    require or ask for as a price or condition
    lay legal claim to
    put in, submit
    make an application as for a job or funding
    call in
    summon to enter
    cadge, schnorr, scrounge, shnorr
    obtain or seek to obtain by cadging or wheedling
    beg by accosting people in the street and asking for money
    put forward a claim and assert right or possession of
    demand and take for use or service, especially by military or public authority for public service
    arrogate, assign
    make undue claims to having
    hold open, keep, keep open, save
    retain rights to
    canvas, canvass
    solicit votes from potential voters in an electoral campaign
    buttonhole, lobby
    detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors
    place an order for
    type of:
    communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across
    transmit information
  2. verb
    inquire for (information)
    “I requested information from the secretary”
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    inquire for
    type of:
    enquire, inquire, wonder
    have a wish or desire to know something
  3. verb
    ask (a person) to do something
    “I requested that she type the entire manuscript”
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    enjoin, order, say, tell
    give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
    order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity, work, role
    bid, invite
    ask someone in a friendly way to do something
    declare oneself, offer, pop the question, propose
    ask (someone) to marry you
    command with authority
    give instructions or directions for some task
    command, require
    make someone do something
    call, send for
    order, request, or command to come
    allure, tempt
    dispose or incline or entice to
    ask to go away
    issue a challenge to
    type of:
    make a request or demand for something to somebody
  4. noun
    a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
    synonyms: petition, postulation
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    a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school
    appeal, collection, ingathering, solicitation
    request for a sum of money
    an urgent or peremptory request
    a request to a court for a ruling or order
    job application
    an application for a job
    credit application
    an application for a line of credit
    loan application
    an application to borrow money
    patent application
    an application for sole rights to an invention
    (British) solicitation of money usually for a benevolent purpose
    a demand by a sentry for a password or identification
    a final peremptory demand
    insistence, insisting
    continual and persistent demands
    call, claim
    a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty"
    the act of requiring; an authoritative request or demand, especially by a military or public authority that takes something over (usually temporarily) for military or public use
    a demand for a show of hands in a card game
    call, margin call
    a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring his margin up to the minimum requirement
    pay claim, wage claim
    the wage demanded from management for workers by their union representatives
    type of:
    content, message, subject matter, substance
    what a communication that is about something is about
  5. noun
    the verbal act of requesting
    synonyms: asking
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    notice, notification
    a request for payment
    indirect request, wish
    an expression of some desire or inclination
    a request (spoken or written) to participate or be present or take part in something
    appeal, entreaty, prayer
    earnest or urgent request
    orison, petition, prayer
    reverent petition to a deity
    a request
    billing, charge
    request for payment of a debt
    trick or treat
    a request by children on Halloween; they pass from door to door asking for goodies and threatening to play tricks on those who refuse
    inquiring, questioning
    a request for information
    a request for something to be made, supplied, or served
    callback, recall
    a request by the manufacturer of a defective product to return the product (as for replacement or repair)
    prayer wheel
    a cylinder with prayers written on it; each revolution counts as uttering the prayers; used especially by Buddhists in Tibet
    bidding, summons
    a request to be present
    a colloquial expression for invitation
    a solemn and earnest appeal to someone to do something
    demagoguery, demagogy
    impassioned appeals to the prejudices and emotions of the populace
    plea, supplication
    a humble request for help from someone in authority
    an entreaty addressed to someone of superior status
    a petition or appeal made to a person of superior status or rank
    courting, courtship, suit, wooing
    a man's courting of a woman; seeking the affections of a woman (usually with the hope of marriage)
    benediction, blessing
    a ceremonial prayer invoking divine protection
    a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England
    prayers proclaiming God's anger against sinners; read in the Church of England on Ash Wednesday
    a prayer to avert or remove some evil or disaster
    blessing, grace, thanksgiving
    a short prayer of thanks before a meal
    a prayer to God on behalf of another person
    invocation, supplication
    a prayer asking God's help as part of a religious service
    a prayer for the repose of the soul of a dead person
    a call to return
    a document that must be accepted and paid by another person
    questioning a statement and demanding an explanation
    enquiry, inquiry, interrogation, query, question
    an instance of questioning
    examination, interrogation, interrogatory
    formal systematic questioning
    short order
    an order for food that can be prepared quickly
    a series of devotional prayers recited by Roman Catholics and often counted using a string of beads
    type of:
    speech act
    the use of language to perform some act
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