political theory

Definitions of political theory
1

n an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation

Synonyms:
ideology, political orientation
Types:
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absolutism, totalism, totalitarianism
the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
anarchism
a political theory favoring the abolition of governments
autocracy
a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual
centrism, moderatism
a political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of left and right by taking a moderate position or course of action
collectivism
a political theory that the people should own the means of production
communism
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
conservatism, conservativism
a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
segregationism
a political orientation favoring political or racial segregation
constitutionalism
advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles
democracy
the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives
social democracy
the belief in a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
domino theory
the political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control
elitism
the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals
extremism
any political theory favoring immoderate uncompromising policies
fascism
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
federalism
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
imperialism
a political orientation that advocates imperial interests
leftism
the ideology of the political left; belief in or support of the tenets of the political left
liberalism
a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution
meritocracy
the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
libertarianism
an ideological belief in freedom of thought and speech
monarchism
a belief in and advocacy of monarchy as a political system
Negritude
an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms; an affirmation of the African cultural heritage
Orleanism
the political philosophy of the Orleanists
progressivism
the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society
radicalism
the political orientation of those who favor revolutionary change in government and society
reactionism
the political orientation of reactionaries
republicanism
the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government
rightism
the ideology of the political right; belief in or support of the tenets of the political right
socialism
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
Utopianism
the political orientation of a Utopian who believes in impossibly idealistic schemes of social perfection
dovishness
any political orientation favoring compromise to avoid conflict
hawkishness
any political orientation favoring aggressive policies
Machiavellianism
the political doctrine of Machiavelli: any means (however unscrupulous) can be used by a ruler in order to create and maintain his autocratic government
Castroism
a form of communism developed in Cuba by Fidel Castro
Leninism, Marxism-Leninism
the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union; the modification of Marxism by Lenin stressed that imperialism is the highest form of capitalism (which shifts the struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries)
Maoism
a form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong
Marxism
the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism
Trotskyism
the form of communism advocated by Leon Trotsky; calls for immediate worldwide revolution by the proletariat
neoconservatism
an approach to politics or theology that represents a return to a traditional point of view (in contrast to more liberal or radical schools of thought of the 1960s)
reaction
extreme conservatism in political or social matters
neoliberalism
a political orientation originating in the 1960s; blends liberal political views with an emphasis on economic growth
Jacobinism
the ideology of the most radical element of the French Revolution that instituted the Reign of Terror
Fabianism
socialism to be established by gradual reforms within the law
guild socialism
a form of socialist theory advocating state ownership of industry but managements by guilds of workers
utopian socialism
socialism achieved by voluntary sacrifice
peace advocacy
any policy that advocates maintaining peaceful international relations
militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
war advocacy, warmongering
a policy of advocating war
Naziism, Nazism, national socialism
a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader
Type of:
orientation
an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs

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