orientation

Orientation is all about the direction you're facing. A house can have an east-facing orientation. Freshman orientation starts you off in a good direction. Your political orientation means your political outlook.

Orientation is a relatively new word that was derived in the 19th century from orient, which means to point yourself in a specific direction. Hiking with map and compass is sometimes called orienteering, referring to hikers' use of those tools to orient themselves.

Primary Meanings of orientation

1.
n
the act of orienting
2.
n
a predisposition in favor of something
3.
n
a course introducing a new situation or environment
Full Definitions of orientation
1

n the act of orienting

Type of:
emplacement, locating, location, placement, position, positioning
the act of putting something in a certain place

n position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions

Types:
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attitude
position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion)
horizontal
something that is oriented horizontally
vertical
something that is oriented vertically
quarter
one of the four major division of the compass
trim
attitude of an aircraft in flight when allowed to take its own orientation
Type of:
direction
the spatial relation between something and the course along which it points or moves

n a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships

Type of:
self-awareness
awareness of your own individuality
2

n a predisposition in favor of something

“showed a Marxist orientation
Synonyms:
predilection, preference
Type of:
predisposition
an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way

n an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs

Types:
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wavelength
a shared orientation leading to mutual understanding
experimentalism
an orientation that favors experimentation and innovation
reorientation
a fresh orientation; a changed set of attitudes and beliefs
perspective, position, view
a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
orthodoxy
a belief or orientation agreeing with conventional standards
heresy, heterodoxy, unorthodoxy
any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
ideology, political orientation, political theory
an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
religious orientation
an attitude toward religion or religious practices
iconoclasm
the orientation of an iconoclast
bird's eye view, panoramic view
a situation or topic as if viewed from an altitude or distance
futurism
the position that the meaning of life should be sought in the future
cutting edge, forefront, vanguard
the position of greatest importance or advancement; the leading position in any movement or field
paradigm
the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time
light
a particular perspective or aspect of a situation
sight
a range of mental vision
Weltanschauung, world view
a comprehensive view of the world and human life
straddle
a noncommittal or equivocal position
conformism, conformity
orthodoxy in thoughts and belief
nonconformance, nonconformism, nonconformity
a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
absolutism, totalism, totalitarianism
the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
anarchism
a political theory favoring the abolition of governments
autocracy
a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual
centrism, moderatism
a political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of left and right by taking a moderate position or course of action
collectivism
a political theory that the people should own the means of production
communism
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
conservatism, conservativism
a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
segregationism
a political orientation favoring political or racial segregation
constitutionalism
advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles
democracy
the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives
social democracy
the belief in a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
domino theory
the political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control
elitism
the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals
extremism
any political theory favoring immoderate uncompromising policies
fascism
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
federalism
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
imperialism
a political orientation that advocates imperial interests
leftism
the ideology of the political left; belief in or support of the tenets of the political left
liberalism
a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution
meritocracy
the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
libertarianism
an ideological belief in freedom of thought and speech
monarchism
a belief in and advocacy of monarchy as a political system
Negritude
an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms; an affirmation of the African cultural heritage
Orleanism
the political philosophy of the Orleanists
progressivism
the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society
radicalism
the political orientation of those who favor revolutionary change in government and society
reactionism
the political orientation of reactionaries
republicanism
the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government
rightism
the ideology of the political right; belief in or support of the tenets of the political right
socialism
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
Utopianism
the political orientation of a Utopian who believes in impossibly idealistic schemes of social perfection
dovishness
any political orientation favoring compromise to avoid conflict
hawkishness
any political orientation favoring aggressive policies
agnosticism
a religious orientation of doubt; a denial of ultimate knowledge of the existence of God
atheism, godlessness
the doctrine or belief that there is no God
anti-Catholicism
a religious orientation opposed to Catholicism
Type of:
attitude, mental attitude
a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways
3

n a course introducing a new situation or environment

Synonyms:
orientation course
Type of:
class, course, course of instruction, course of study
education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings

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