linguistic unit

Definitions of linguistic unit
  1. noun
    one of the natural units into which linguistic messages can be analyzed
    synonyms: language unit
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    types:
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    discourse
    extended verbal expression in speech or writing
    word
    a unit of language that native speakers can identify
    syllable
    a unit of spoken language larger than a phoneme
    lexeme
    a minimal unit (as a word or stem) in the lexicon of a language; `go' and `went' and `gone' and `going' are all members of the English lexeme `go'
    morpheme
    minimal meaningful language unit; it cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units
    formative
    minimal language unit that has a syntactic (or morphological) function
    name
    a language unit by which a person or thing is known
    collocation
    a grouping of words in a sentence
    phone, sound, speech sound
    (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
    sign
    a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified
    context, context of use, linguistic context
    discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation
    anagram
    a word or phrase spelled by rearranging the letters of another word or phrase
    anaphor
    a word (such as a pronoun) used to avoid repetition; the referent of an anaphor is determined by its antecedent
    antonym, opposite, opposite word
    a word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word, in which case the two words are antonyms of each other
    back-formation
    a word invented (usually unwittingly by subtracting an affix) on the assumption that a familiar word derives from it
    charade
    a word acted out in an episode of the game of charades
    cognate, cognate word
    a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language
    content word, open-class word
    a word to which an independent meaning can be assigned
    contraction
    a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds
    deictic, deictic word
    a word specifying identity or spatial or temporal location from the perspective of a speaker or hearer in the context in which the communication occurs
    derivative
    (linguistics) a word that is derived from another word
    diminutive
    a word that is formed with a suffix (such as -let or -kin) to indicate smallness
    dirty word
    a word that is considered to be unmentionable
    dissyllable, disyllable
    a word having two syllables
    descriptor, form, signifier, word form
    the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something
    four-letter Anglo-Saxon word, four-letter word
    any of several short English words (often having 4 letters) generally regarded as obscene or offensive
    closed-class word, function word
    a word that is uninflected and serves a grammatical function but has little identifiable meaning
    catchword, guide word, guideword
    a word printed at the top of the page of a dictionary or other reference book to indicate the first or last item on that page
    head, head word
    (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent
    headword
    a word placed at the beginning of a line or paragraph (as in a dictionary entry)
    heteronym
    two words are heteronyms if they are spelled the same way but differ in pronunciation
    holonym, whole name
    a word that names the whole of which a given word is a part
    homonym
    two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings
    hypernym, superordinate, superordinate word
    a word that is more generic than a given word
    hyponym, subordinate, subordinate word
    a word that is more specific than a given word
    key word
    a significant word used in indexing or cataloging
    hybrid, loan-blend, loanblend
    a word that is composed of parts from different languages (e.g., `monolingual' has a Greek prefix and a Latin root)
    loan, loanword
    a word borrowed from another language; e.g. `blitz' is a German word borrowed into modern English
    meronym, part name
    a word that names a part of a larger whole
    metonym
    a word that denotes one thing but refers to a related thing
    monosyllabic word, monosyllable
    a word or utterance of one syllable
    coinage, neologism, neology
    a newly invented word or phrase
    hapax legomenon, nonce word
    a word with a special meaning used for a special occasion
    oxytone
    word having stress or an acute accent on the last syllable
    palindrome
    a word or phrase that reads the same backward as forward
    primitive
    a word serving as the basis for inflected or derived forms
    paroxytone
    word having stress or acute accent on the next to last syllable
    partitive
    word (such a `some' or `less') that is used to indicate a part as distinct from a whole
    polysemant, polysemantic word, polysemous word
    a word having more than one meaning
    polysyllabic word, polysyllable
    a word of more than three syllables
    proparoxytone
    word having stress or acute accent on the antepenult
    quantifier
    (grammar) a word that expresses a quantity (as `fifteen' or `many')
    logical quantifier, quantifier
    (logic) a word (such as `some' or `all' or `no') that binds the variables in a logical proposition
    reduplication
    a word formed by or containing a repeated syllable or speech sound (usually at the beginning of the word)
    retronym
    a word introduced because an existing term has become inadequate
    substantive
    any word or group of words functioning as a noun
    equivalent word, synonym
    two words that can be interchanged in a context are said to be synonymous relative to that context
    term
    a word or expression used for some particular thing
    language, nomenclature, terminology
    a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline
    trisyllable
    a word having three syllables
    manner name, troponym
    a word that denotes a manner of doing something
    spoken word, vocable
    a word that is spoken aloud
    ultima
    the last syllable in a word
    penult, penultima, penultimate
    the next to last syllable in a word
    antepenult, antepenultima, antepenultimate
    the 3rd syllable of a word counting back from the end
    reduplication
    the syllable added in a reduplicated word form
    allomorph
    a variant phonological representation of a morpheme
    free form, free morpheme
    a morpheme that can occur alone
    bound form, bound morpheme
    a morpheme that occurs only as part of a larger construction; eg an -s at the end of plural nouns
    classifier
    a word or morpheme used in some languages in certain contexts (such as counting) to indicate the semantic class to which the counted item belongs
    ending, termination
    the end of a word (a suffix or inflectional ending or final morpheme)
    agnomen
    an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')
    DBA, Doing Business As, assumed name, fictitious name
    (law) a name under which a corporation conducts business that is not the legal name of the corporation as shown in its articles of incorporation
    eponym
    the name derived from a person (real or imaginary)
    eponym
    the person for whom something is named
    computer file name, computer filename, file name, filename
    (computer science) the name given to a computer file in order to distinguish it from other files; may contain an extension that indicates the type of file
    patronym, patronymic
    a family name derived from name of your father or a paternal ancestor (especially with an affix (such as -son in English or O'- in Irish) added to the name of your father or a paternal ancestor)
    matronymic, metronymic
    a name derived from the name of your mother or a maternal ancestor
    street name
    the name of a street
    street name
    the name of a brokerage firm in which stock is held on behalf of a customer
    street name
    slang for something (especially for an illegal drug)
    cognomen, family name, last name, surname
    the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
    middle name
    a name between your first name and your surname
    first name, forename, given name
    the name that precedes the surname
    nickname
    a descriptive name for a place or thing
    alias, assumed name, false name
    a name that has been assumed temporarily
    anonym, nom de guerre, pseudonym
    a fictitious name used when the person performs a particular social role
    misnomer
    an incorrect or unsuitable name
    author's name, writer's name
    the name that appears on the by-line to identify the author of a work
    appellation, appellative, denomination, designation
    identifying word or words by which someone or something is called and classified or distinguished from others
    hypocorism, pet name
    a name of endearment (especially one using a diminutive suffix)
    title
    the name of a work of art or literary composition etc.
    place name, toponym
    the name by which a geographical place is known
    written word
    the written form of a word
    signature
    your name written in your own handwriting
    syncategorem, syncategoreme
    a syncategorematic expression; a word that cannot be used alone as a term in a logical proposition
    company name
    the name by which a corporation is identified
    domain name
    strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet
    brand, brand name, marque, trade name
    a name given to a product or service
    solfa syllable
    one of the names for notes of a musical scale in solmization
    phoneme
    (linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language
    vowel, vowel sound
    a speech sound made with the vocal tract open
    glide, semivowel
    a vowellike sound that serves as a consonant
    consonant
    a speech sound that is not a vowel
    orinasal, orinasal phone
    a speech sound produced with both the oral and nasal passages open (as French nasal vowels)
    sonant, voiced sound
    a speech sound accompanied by sound from the vocal cords
    verbal
    a noun or adjective that is formed from a verb
    type of:
    component, component part, constituent, moiety, part, portion
    something determined in relation to something that includes it
Word Family