image

An image is a picture or other representation of a person or thing, or it can be someone's public perception, like a rock star who tries to change his image by dressing like a professor and learning to play chess.

Image has its roots in the Latin word imitari, meaning "to copy or imitate"; images are judged by how realistically they capture the person or thing they show. Images come in various forms — portraits, photographs, paintings, and sculptures. Another kind of image is what we think a public figure like a celebrity is "really like." For example, a flat-broke former millionaire who wants to maintain his image as the money-spending life of the party.

Primary Meanings of image

1.
nv
a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface
render visible, as by means of MRI
2.
nv
an iconic mental representation
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
3.
n
(mathematics) the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is defined
Full Definitions of image
1

n a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface

“a movie is a series of images projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them”
Synonyms:
icon, ikon, picture
Types:
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bitmap, electronic image
an image represented as a two dimensional array of brightness values for pixels
chiaroscuro
a monochrome picture made by using several different shades of the same color
collage, montage
a paste-up made by sticking together pieces of paper or photographs to form an artistic image
foil, transparency
picture consisting of a positive photograph or drawing on a transparent base; viewed with a projector
computer graphic, graphic
an image that is generated by a computer
iconography
the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject
inset
a small picture inserted within the bounds or a larger one
likeness, semblance
picture consisting of a graphic image of a person or thing
cyclorama, diorama, panorama
a picture (or series of pictures) representing a continuous scene
reflection, reflexion
the image of something as reflected by a mirror (or other reflective material)
CAT scan, scan
an image produced by scanning
echogram, sonogram
an image of a structure that is produced by ultrasonography (reflections of high-frequency sound waves); used to observe fetal growth or to study bodily organs
grisaille
chiaroscuro painting or stained glass etc., in shades of grey imitating the effect of relief
Identikit, Identikit picture
a likeness of a person's face constructed from descriptions given to police; uses a set of transparencies of various facial features that can be combined to build up a picture of the person sought
photomontage
a montage that uses photographic images
portrait, portrayal
any likeness of a person, in any medium
lantern slide, slide
a transparency mounted in a frame; viewed with a slide projector
overhead, viewgraph
a transparency for use with an overhead projector
Type of:
representation
a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something

n a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)

“the emperor's tomb had his image carved in stone”
Synonyms:
effigy, simulacrum
Types:
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Guy
an effigy of Guy Fawkes that is burned on a bonfire on Guy Fawkes Day
god, graven image, idol
a material effigy that is worshipped
bird-scarer, scarecrow, scarer, straw man, strawman
an effigy in the shape of a man to frighten birds away from seeds
wax figure, waxwork
an effigy (usually of a famous person) made of wax
golden calf
(Old Testament) an idol made by Aaron for the Israelites to worship; destroyed by Moses; it is now used to refer to anything worshipped undeservedly
joss
a Chinese god worshipped in the form of an idol
Juggernaut
a crude idol of Krishna
Type of:
representation
a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something

n someone who closely resembles another person (especially an actor)

“she's the very image of her mother”
Synonyms:
double, look-alike
Types:
clone, dead ringer, ringer
a person who is almost identical to another
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being

n a standard or typical example

“he provided America with an image of the good father”
Synonyms:
epitome, paradigm, prototype
Types:
concentrate
a concentrated example of something
imago
(psychoanalysis) an idealized image of someone (usually a parent) formed in childhood
Type of:
example, model
a representative form or pattern

n the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public

“although her popular image was contrived it served to inspire music and pageantry”
“the company tried to project an altruistic image
Type of:
effect, impression
an outward appearance

n (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world

“a public image is as fragile as Humpty Dumpty”
Synonyms:
persona
Type of:
appearance, visual aspect
outward or visible aspect of a person or thing

v render visible, as by means of MRI

Type of:
visualise, visualize
view the outline of by means of an X-ray
2

n an iconic mental representation

“her imagination forced images upon her too awful to contemplate”
Synonyms:
mental image
Types:
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imagination image, thought-image
a mental image produced by the imagination
memory image
a mental image of something previously experienced
visual image, visualisation, visualization
a mental image that is similar to a visual perception
impression, mental picture, picture
a clear and telling mental image
auditory image
a mental image that is similar to an auditory perception
memory picture
a memory image that is similar to a visual perception
afterimage, aftersensation
an image (usually a negative image) that persists after stimulation has ceased
Type of:
internal representation, mental representation, representation
a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image

n language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense

Synonyms:
figure, figure of speech, trope
Types:
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conceit
an elaborate poetic image or a far-fetched comparison of very dissimilar things
irony
a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs
exaggeration, hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
kenning
conventional metaphoric name for something, used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry
metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in `they counted heads')
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in `deafening silence')
personification, prosopopoeia
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with `like' or `as')
synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
zeugma
use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one
dramatic irony
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
dead metaphor, frozen metaphor
a metaphor that has occurred so often that it has become a new meaning of the expression (e.g., `he is a snake' may once have been a metaphor but after years of use it has died and become a new sense of the word `snake')
mixed metaphor
a combination of two or more metaphors that together produce a ridiculous effect
synesthetic metaphor
a metaphor that exploits a similarity between experiences in different sense modalities
metalepsis
substituting metonymy of one figurative sense for another
syllepsis
use of a word to govern two or more words though agreeing in number or case etc. with only one
Type of:
rhetorical device
a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)

v imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind

Synonyms:
envision, fancy, figure, picture, project, see, visualise, visualize
realise, realize, see, understand
perceive (an idea or situation) mentally
visualise, visualize
form a mental picture of something that is invisible or abstract
Type of:
conceive of, envisage, ideate, imagine
form a mental image of something that is not present or that is not the case
3

n (mathematics) the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is defined

“the image of f(x) = x^2 is the set of all non-negative real numbers if the domain of the function is the set of all real numbers”
Synonyms:
range, range of a function
Type of:
set
(mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols

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