To imagine something is to picture it in your head. When we imagine things, we're using our imagination.
The word image is a good clue to the meaning of imagine, a word for picturing or envisioning things. You could imagine you're a king, an astronaut, a firefighter, or a coyote. You could imagine the earth getting hit by an asteroid. If you can think of it, you can imagine it. Sometimes, imagining means believing or guessing. For example, your teacher could say, "Did you really imagine there would be no homework?"
v form a mental image of something that is not present or that is not the case
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envision, fancy, figure, image, picture, project, see, visualise, visualize
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
form a mental picture of something that is invisible or abstract
picture to oneself; imagine possible
portray in the mind
imagine or consider beforehand
imagine or visualize
fantasise, fantasize, fantasy
indulge in fantasies
daydream, dream, stargaze, woolgather
have a daydream; indulge in a fantasy