grammatical category

Definitions of grammatical category
  1. noun
    (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
    synonyms: syntactic category
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    types:
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    case, grammatical case
    nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
    form class, part of speech, word class
    one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
    number
    the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural)
    person
    a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party
    gender, grammatical gender
    a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
    tense
    a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
    participant role, semantic role
    (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
    nominative, nominative case, subject case
    the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb
    oblique, oblique case
    any grammatical case other than the nominative
    major form class
    any of the major parts of speech of traditional grammar
    first person
    pronouns and verbs used to refer to the speaker or writer of the language in which they occur
    second person
    pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur
    third person
    pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur
    feminine
    a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to females or to objects classified as female
    masculine
    a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to males or to objects classified as male
    neuter
    a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to inanimate objects (neither masculine nor feminine)
    present, present tense
    a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking
    aorist
    a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation
    past, past tense
    a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past
    future, future tense
    a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future
    affected role, patient, patient role
    the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    agent, agentive role
    the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    benefactive role, beneficiary
    the semantic role of the intended recipient who benefits from the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    instrument, instrumental role
    the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
    locative, locative role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the place of the state or action denoted by the verb
    recipient, recipient role
    the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
    result, resultant role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase whose referent exists only by virtue of the activity denoted by the verb in the clause
    temporal, temporal role
    the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
    continuous tense, imperfect, imperfect tense, progressive, progressive tense
    a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
    perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense
    a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
    type of:
    category, class, family
    a collection of things sharing a common attribute
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