grammatical category

Definitions of grammatical category
1

n (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties

Synonyms:
syntactic category
Types:
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case, grammatical case
nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class
one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number
the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural)
person
a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party
gender, grammatical gender
a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense
a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role
(linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
nominative, nominative case, subject case
the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb
oblique, oblique case
any grammatical case other than the nominative
major form class
any of the major parts of speech of traditional grammar
first person
pronouns and verbs used to refer to the speaker or writer of the language in which they occur
second person
pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur
third person
pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur
feminine
a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to females or to objects classified as female
masculine
a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to males or to objects classified as male
neuter
a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to inanimate objects (neither masculine nor feminine)
present, present tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking
aorist
a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation
past, past tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past
future, future tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future
affected role, patient, patient role
the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
agent, agentive role
the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
benefactive role, beneficiary
the semantic role of the intended recipient who benefits from the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
instrument, instrumental role
the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
locative, locative role
the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the place of the state or action denoted by the verb
recipient, recipient role
the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
result, resultant role
the semantic role of the noun phrase whose referent exists only by virtue of the activity denoted by the verb in the clause
temporal, temporal role
the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
continuous tense, imperfect, imperfect tense, progressive, progressive tense
a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense
a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
Type of:
category, class, family
a collection of things sharing a common attribute

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