building material

Definitions of building material
  1. noun
    material used for constructing buildings
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    examples:
    Blarney Stone
    a stone in a castle in Ireland that is said to impart skill in flattery to anyone who kisses it
    Rosetta Stone
    a part of an inscribed granite stela that was originally about six feet tall and was set up in 196 BC; the inscriptions in hieroglyphics and Demotic and Greek gave the first clues to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics
    types:
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    brick
    rectangular block of clay baked by the sun or in a kiln; used as a building or paving material
    building block
    a block of material used in construction work
    stone
    building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose
    bricks and mortar
    building material consisting of bricks laid with mortar between them
    cement
    a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar
    concrete
    a strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water
    covering material
    a material used by builders to cover surfaces
    fencing, fencing material
    material for building fences
    flooring
    building material used in laying floors
    gunite
    a mixture of cement and sand and water that is sprayed on a surface under pneumatic pressure
    insulant, insulating material, insulation
    a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity
    lath and plaster
    a building material consisting of thin strips of wood that provide a foundation for a coat of plaster
    lumber, timber
    the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material
    mortar
    used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall
    roofing material
    building material used in constructing roofs
    shake, shingle
    building material used as siding or roofing
    siding
    material applied to the outside of a building to make it weatherproof
    staff
    building material consisting of plaster and hair; used to cover external surfaces of temporary structure (as at an exposition) or for decoration
    sticks and stone
    a general term for building materials
    wattle and daub
    building material consisting of interwoven rods and twigs covered with clay
    adobe, adobe brick
    sun-dried brick; used in hot dry climates
    ashlar
    a rectangular block of hewn stone used for building purposes
    capstone, copestone, coping stone, stretcher
    a stone that forms the top of wall or building
    breeze block, cinder block, clinker block
    a light concrete building block made with cinder aggregate
    clinker, clinker brick
    a hard brick used as a paving stone
    cornerstone
    a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls
    cornerstone
    a stone in the exterior of a large and important building; usually carved with a date and laid with appropriate ceremonies
    firebrick
    brick made of fire clay; used for lining e.g. furnaces and chimneys
    foundation stone
    a stone laid at a ceremony to mark the founding of a new building
    gravestone, headstone, tombstone
    a stone that is used to mark a grave
    grindstone
    a revolving stone shaped like a disk; used to grind or sharpen or polish edge tools
    cope, coping, header
    brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall
    hearthstone
    a stone that forms a hearth
    headstone, key, keystone
    the central building block at the top of an arch or vault
    millstone
    one of a pair of heavy flat disk-shaped stones that are rotated against one another to grind the grain
    monolith
    a single great stone (often in the form of a column or obelisk)
    mud brick
    a brick made from baked mud
    paving stone
    a stone used for paving
    impost, springer
    the lowest stone in an arch -- from which it springs
    stela, stele
    an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
    stock
    lumber used in the construction of something
    strip
    thin piece of wood or metal
    voussoir
    wedge-shaped stone building block used in constructing an arch or vault
    whetstone
    a flat stone for sharpening edged tools or knives
    lagging
    used to wrap around pipes or boilers or laid in attics to prevent loss of heat
    cement
    concrete pavement is sometimes referred to as cement
    ferroconcrete, reinforced concrete
    concrete with metal and/or mesh added to provide extra support against stresses
    Portland cement, hydraulic cement
    a cement that hardens under water; made by heating limestone and clay in a kiln and pulverizing the result
    corkboard
    a heat-insulating building material consisting of cork granules that are made into sheets by compressing and baking
    fiberglass, fibreglass
    a covering material made of glass fibers in resins
    lino, linoleum
    a floor covering
    roofing paper, tar paper
    a heavy paper impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing
    plaster
    a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water; hardens into a smooth solid; used to cover walls and ceilings
    puddle
    a mixture of wet clay and sand that can be used to line a pond and that is impervious to water when dry
    slate, slating
    thin layers of rock used for roofing
    thatch
    plant stalks used as roofing material
    roofing tile, tile
    a thin flat slab of fired clay used for roofing
    board, plank
    a stout length of sawn timber; made in a wide variety of sizes and used for many purposes
    planking
    planks collectively; a quantity of planks
    clapboard, weatherboard, weatherboarding
    a long thin board with one edge thicker than the other; used as siding by lapping one board over the board below
    type of:
    artefact, artifact
    a man-made object taken as a whole
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