Pangier's MS Language Arts Semester 2

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definitions & notes only words
  1. accession
    the act of attaining a new office or right or position
    “For today, thanks to recently discovered documents, the evidence shows that in the early days of their accession to power, the Nazis in Germany set out to build a society in which there simply would be no room for Jews” (Wiesel 8).
  2. adaptability
    flexibility to fit changed circumstances
    The other really important thing is adaptability, and whether you can let things roll off your back.New York Times (Dec 12, 2015)
  3. alter
    cause to change; make different
    Over time, the cells have adapted to life in plastic petri dishes, altering their genetic make-up and behaviour.Nature (Feb 16, 2016)
  4. cauldron
    a very large pot that is used for boiling
    “I fought my way to the coffee cauldron like a wild beast” (Weisel 106).
  5. circumstances
    one's overall condition in life
    Yet applying his ideas across the whole range of human circumstances is a trickier subject than this pretty series wants to tackle.New York Times (Feb 17, 2016)
  6. comprehension
    an ability to understand the meaning of something
    “Would they be able to comprehend how?” (Wiesel 10).
  7. contrary
    exact opposition
    “Did I write it so as not to go mad or, on the contrary, to go mad in order to understand the nature of madness, the immense, terrifying madness that had erupted in history and in the conscience of mankind?” (Wiesel vii).
  8. cope
    come to terms with
    Halie and Dodge are barely hanging on as their two adult sons have returned home after failing to cope with reality.Washington Times (Feb 17, 2016)
  9. cram
    crowd or pack to capacity
    " Crammed into cattle cars by the hungarian police, they cried silently" (Wiesel 6).
  10. deport
    expel from a country
    “The train with the deportees had crossed the Hungarian border and, once in Polish territory, had been taken over by the Gestapo” (Wiesel 6).
  11. deserve
    be worthy
    “Why not for others more deserving than myself?” (Wiesel viii).
  12. disinter
    dig up for reburial or for medical investigation
    “Special units would then disinter the corpses and burn them” (Wiesel 3).
  13. divinity
    any supernatural being worshipped as controlling the world
    "Not to learn it by heart but to discover
    within the very essence of divinity" (Wiesel 5).
  14. elusive
    skillful at evading capture
    “But what exactly was ‘it’? 'It’ was something elusive” (Wiesel 2).
  15. emphasis
    intensity or forcefulness of expression
    "From that day on, I saw him often. He explained to me, with great emphasis, that every question possessed a power that was lost in the answer. . . (Wiesel 5).
  16. environment
    the totality of surrounding conditions
    Free radicals are teeny molecules released in our modern-day environment and produced when our body breaks down certain foods.Washington Post (Feb 15, 2016)
  17. erupt
    start suddenly
    "...terrifying madness that had to erupt in history and in the conscience of mankind?” (Night vii).
  18. exile
    the act of expelling a person from their native land
    “He sang, or rather he chanted, and the few snatches I caught here and there spoke of divine suffering, of the Shekhinah in Exile, where, according to Kabbalah, it awaits its redemption linked to that of man” (Wiesel 3).
  19. exterminate
    kill on a large scale
    “At that time we knew nothing about the Nazis’ extermination methods” (Wiesel 12).
  20. faithful
    loyal and reliable
    “We spoke that way almost every evening, remaining in the synagogue long after all the faithful had gone, sitting in the semi-darkness where only a few half-burnt candles provided a flickering light” (Wiesel 5).
  21. fitful
    intermittently stopping and starting
    “She continued to scream and sob fitfully” (Wiesel 77).
  22. flicker
    flash intermittently
    “...a few half-burnt candles provided a flickering light” (Wiesel 5).
  23. harangue
    address forcefully
    “He harangued us from the center of the barrack” (Wiesel 38).
  24. harrowing
    causing extreme distress
    “Yet his plaintive, harrowing voice went on the piercing the silence and calling me, nobody but me” (Wiesel 11).
  25. horrendous
    causing fear or dread or terror
    “I remember that night, the most horrendous of my life” (Wiesel xi).
  26. illusion
    an erroneous mental representation
    “In the beginning there was faith-which is childish; trust-which is vain; and illusion-which is dangerous” (Wiesel 10).
  27. immense
    unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
    “Did I write it so as not to go mad or, on the contrary, to go mad in
    order to understand the nature of madness, the immense, terrifying madness that had erupted in history and in the conscience of mankind?” (Wiesel vii).
  28. indifferent
    marked by a lack of interest
    "Eight words spoken quietly, indifferently, without emotion" (Wiesel 28).
  29. indulgent
    being favorably inclined
    “He smiled indulgently” (Wiesel 5).
  30. iniquity
    absence of moral or spiritual values
    “I believe that on that day, I first became aware of the mystery of the iniquity whose exposure marked the end of an era and the beginning of another” (Wiesel 13).
  31. legacy
    a gift of personal property by will
    “Was it to leave behind a legacy of words, of memories, to help prevent history repeating itself?” (Wiesel vii).
  32. limitation
    the quality of being restricted
    “Painfully aware of my limitations, I watched helplessly as language became an obstacle” (Wiesel ix).
  33. linger
    remain present although waning or gradually dying
    “Just as the past lingers in the present, all my writings after Night...” (Wiesel vii).
  34. meager
    deficient in amount or quality or extent
    “All the dictionary had to offer seemed meager, pale, lifeless (Wiesel ix).
  35. miracle
    a marvelous event brought about by a divine being
    “A miracle?” (Wiesel vii).
  36. miraculous
    peculiarly fortunate, as if by divine intervention
    “You cannot understand. I was saved miraculously” (Wiesel 7)
  37. mystical
    beyond ordinary understanding
    “There are a thousand and one gates allowing entry into the orchard of mystical truth” (Wiesel 5).
  38. mysticism
    a religion based on communion with an ultimate reality
    "Maimonides tells us that one must be thirsty before venturing into the world of mysticism" (Wiesel 4).
  39. obligation
    the state of being bound to do or pay something
    “I only know that without this testimony, my life as a writer—or my life, period— would not have become what it is: that of a witness who believes he has a moral obligation to try to prevent the enemy from enjoying one last victory by allowing his crimes to be erased from human memory” (Wiesel viii).
  40. oblivion
    the state of being disregarded or forgotten
    “ wander through space until the end of time, seeking redemption, seeking oblivion, without any hope of finding either” (Wiesel 36).
  41. optimist
    a person disposed to take a favorable view of things
    "The optimists were jubilant: ‘Well?What did we tell you? You wouldn't believe us. There they are, your Germans What do you say now? Where is their famous cruelty?'" (Weisel 10).
  42. orchard
    a small cultivated area where fruit trees are planted
    “There are a thousand and one gates allowing the entry into the orchard of mystical truth” (Wiesel 5).
  43. ordeal
    a severe or trying experience
    “Or was it simply to preserve a record of the ordeal I endured as an adolescent, at an age when one’s knowledge of death and evil should be limited to what one discovers in literature?” (Wiesel vii).
  44. penury
    a state of extreme poverty or destitution
    “He was poor and lived in utter penury” (Wiesel 3).
  45. petrify
    cause to become stunned or immobile, as with fear or awe
    “I stood petrified. What happend to me?” (Wiesel 39).
  46. phenomenon
    any state or process known through the senses
    “How to explain this phenomenon?” (Wiesel 14).
  47. presence
    current existence
    “His presence bothered no one” (Wiesel 3).
  48. profoundly
    to a great depth psychologically
    “Just as the past lingers in the present, all my writings after Night, including those that deal with biblical, Talmudic, or Hasidic themes, profoundly bear its stamp, and cannot be understood if one has not read this very first of my works” (Weisel vii).
  49. prominent
    conspicuous in position or importance
    “Some prominent members of the community came to consult with my father, who had connections at the upper levels of the Hungarian police;the wanted to know what he thought of the situation” (Weisel 11).
  50. redemption
    the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil
    “ awaits its redemption liked to that of man” (Wiesel 3).
  51. retrospect
    contemplation of things past
    “In retrospect I must confess that I do not know, or no longer know,what wanted to achieve with my words” (Wiesel 3).
  52. sentimental
    marked by tender, romantic, or nostalgic emotion
    “My father was a cultured man, rather unsentimental” (Wiesel 4).
  53. stammer
    speak haltingly
    “‘Doctor,’ I stammered” (Weisel 79).
  54. sublime
    of high moral or intellectual value
    “The weather was sublime” (Wiesel 10).
  55. surprise
    come upon or take unawares
    We should not be surprised that students arrive at college ignorant and biased and find reinforcement for their intolerance.Washington Post (Feb 17, 2016)
  56. synagogue
    the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
    “The synagogues were no longer open” (Wiesel 10).
  57. unfathomable
    impossible to come to understand
    “And that the connection between the cross and human suffering remains, in my view, the key to the unfathomable mystery in which the faith of his childhood was lost?” (Weisel 8).
  58. utter
    “He was poor and lived in utter penury” (Wiesel 3).
  59. vanishing
    a sudden or mysterious disappearance
    “Or incredibly, the vanishing of a beautiful, well-behaved Jewish girl with golden hair and a sad smile. murdered with her mother the very night of their arrival?” (Wiesel ix).
  60. waif
    a homeless child especially one forsaken or orphaned
    “His waiflike shyness made people smile” (Wiesel 3).
Created on February 15, 2016 (updated February 21, 2016)

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