PARCC: Language of the Test (Grade7)

Before you can answer a question on the PARCC English Language Arts/Literacy section, you first need to know what the question is asking. Learn this list of 45 words that we extracted from a PARCC practice test's directions, question stems, and answer options.
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Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. paragraph
    one of several distinct subdivisions of a text
    What is the meaning of recurrence as it is used in paragraph 16 of The Count of Monte Cristo?
  2. analyze
    consider in detail in order to discover essential features
    After you have read the selections and answered some questions, you will write an essay analyzing the themes presented in the two texts.
  3. summarize
    present the main points in a concise form
    Which paragraph best summarizes the conclusions of the experiment?
  4. theme
    a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary work
    After you have read the selections and answered some questions, you will write an essay analyzing the themes presented in the two texts.
  5. essay
    an analytic or interpretive literary composition
    After you have read the selections and answered some questions, you will write an essay analyzing the themes presented in the two texts.
  6. similarity
    the quality of being alike
    Think about the similarities and differences in how the two authors develop the themes in each text.
  7. evidence
    knowledge on which to base belief
    Which evidence from The Count of Monte Cristo supports the correct answer in Part A?
  8. support
    establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
    Which evidence from The Count of Monte Cristo supports the correct answer in Part A?
  9. meaning
    the message that is intended or expressed or signified
    What is the meaning of recurrence as it is used in paragraph 16 of The
    Count of Monte Cristo?
  10. point of view
    a mental position from which things are perceived
    What do Kevin’s and Howie’s sarcastic questions mainly reveal about their different points of view during their conversation?
  11. passage
    a section of text, particularly a section of medium length
    Today you will read a passage from The Count of Monte Cristo as
    well as a scene from the play Blessings.
  12. selection
    an assortment of things from which a choice can be made
    After you have read the selections and answered some questions, you will write an essay analyzing the themes presented in the two texts.
  13. text
    the main body of a written work
    After you have read the selections and answered some questions, you will write an essay analyzing the themes presented in the two texts.
  14. summary
    a brief statement that presents the main points
    Identify three details from “Short Circuit” that provide the best summary of the conclusions in the experiment.
  15. describe
    give a statement representing something
    Write an original story that describes what Kevin does next to try to
    change Howie’s mind about paying for Cromwell’s training.
  16. conclusion
    a position or opinion reached after consideration
    Which paragraph best summarizes the conclusions of the experiment in “Short Circuit”?
  17. author
    be the writer of
    How does the author of Blessings use stage directions to reveal that the two characters are learning more about each other?
  18. source
    a publication that is referred to
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  19. reveal
    make known to the public information previously kept secret
    How does the author of Blessings use stage directions to reveal that the two characters are learning more about each other?
  20. specific
    stated explicitly or in detail
    Be sure to include specific details from both selections.
  21. identify
    give the name or characteristics of
    Write an essay in which you identify a theme from each text and analyze how each theme is developed.
  22. response
    a statement that is made to reply to a question or request
    Support your response with evidence from each source.
  23. character
    an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction
    Based on the passage, what is the main reason the author includes Howie as a character in the story?
  24. information
    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
    As you read, you will gather information to prepare for writing an original story.
  25. phrase
    an expression consisting of one or more words
    Which phrase from the scene from Blessings best helps the reader to understand the meaning of scale?
  26. original
    not derived or copied or translated from something else
    Write an original story that describes what Kevin does next to try to
    change Howie’s mind about paying for Cromwell’s training.
  27. setting
    the context and environment in which something is situated
    In paragraph 1, what information does the setting mainly suggest about Cromwell?
  28. explanation
    a statement that makes something comprehensible
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  29. description
    a statement that represents something in words
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  30. develop
    elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses
    Think about the similarities and differences in how the
    two authors develop the themes in each text.
  31. novel
    an extended fictional work in prose
    Today you will read a passage from a novel.
  32. suggest
    call to mind
    In paragraph 1, what information does the setting mainly suggest about Cromwell?
  33. contribute
    provide
    What is one way the stage directions help contribute meaning to the scene?
  34. sentence
    a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language
    Which sentence explains what the word skeptic in paragraph 3 suggests about Howie?
  35. accomplish
    achieve with effort
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  36. central
    serving as an essential component
    What is a central idea of The Count of Monte Cristo?
  37. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
    Which detail from “Conducting Solutions” provides the best clue to the
    meaning of the word solution?
  38. include
    have as a part, be made up out of
    Be sure to include specific details from both selections.
  39. affect
    have an influence upon
    In The Count of Monte Cristo, how does the noise in the wall affect Edmond Dantes?
  40. difference
    the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
    Think about the similarities and differences in how the
    two authors develop the themes in each text.
  41. gather
    assemble or get together
    As you read, you will gather information to prepare for writing an original story.
  42. example
    an item of information that is typical of a class or group
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  43. purpose
    an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions
    In an essay, analyze how each source uses explanations, examples,
    and/or descriptions to help accomplish its purpose.
  44. prepare
    make ready or suitable or equip in advance
    As you read, you will gather information to prepare for writing an original story.
  45. explain
    define
    Which sentence explains what the word skeptic in paragraph 3 suggests about Howie?

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