a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
The late 1800s marked the peak of European
imperialism, with much of Africa and Asia under foreign domination. Under
imperialism, stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations—economically, politically, culturally, or militarily.
the doctrine that your country's interests are superior
Competition among European nations for large empires was the result of a rise in
nationalism, or devotion to one's nation.
Nationalism usually suggests that a nation's people believe themselves, their ideals, and their goals to be superior to those of other nations.
a country whose economy majorly depends on one product
By 1913, Keith's United Fruit Company not only exported 50 million bunches of bananas a year to the United States, it also played a significant role in the governments and economies of Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras. As a result, some people began calling the Central American nations
The intense burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy that followed came to be known as
jingoism. The name came from a line in a British song of the 1870s: "We don't want to fight, yet by Jingo! if we do, We've got the ships, we've got the men, and got the money too."
a statement that is added to a proposal or document
Amendment stipulated that the Cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements, must allow the United States to establish naval bases as needed on the island, and must give the United States the right to intervene whenever necessary.
In December 1904 and 1905, Roosevelt issued messages to Congress that became known as the Roosevelt
Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. In this
corollary, or extension of a previously accepted idea, Roosevelt denied that the United States wanted any more territory.
foreign policy influenced by economic considerations
By this he meant maintaining orderly societies abroad through increased American investment in foreign economies. Although some of Taft's contemporaries mocked his approach, calling it
dollar diplomacy, Taft himself later used this term with pride.