Unit 3: Chapter 10

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  1. imperialism
    a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
    The late 1800s marked the peak of European imperialism, with much of Africa and Asia under foreign domination. Under imperialism, stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations—economically, politically, culturally, or militarily.
  2. nationalism
    the doctrine that your country's interests are superior
    Competition among European nations for large empires was the result of a rise in nationalism, or devotion to one's nation. Nationalism usually suggests that a nation's people believe themselves, their ideals, and their goals to be superior to those of other nations.
  3. annex
    take territory as if by conquest
    Supporters of expansion denied that the United States sought to annex foreign lands. (To annex is to join a new territory to an existing country.)
  4. banana republic
    a country whose economy majorly depends on one product
    By 1913, Keith's United Fruit Company not only exported 50 million bunches of bananas a year to the United States, it also played a significant role in the governments and economies of Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras. As a result, some people began calling the Central American nations banana republics.
  5. arbitration
    the hearing and determination of a dispute by a referee
    Arbitration is the settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides and come to a decision.
  6. jingoism
    fanatical patriotism
    The intense burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy that followed came to be known as jingoism. The name came from a line in a British song of the 1870s: "We don't want to fight, yet by Jingo! if we do, We've got the ships, we've got the men, and got the money too."
  7. amendment
    a statement that is added to a proposal or document
    The Platt Amendment stipulated that the Cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements, must allow the United States to establish naval bases as needed on the island, and must give the United States the right to intervene whenever necessary.
  8. sphere of influence
    the area over which a nation has power or control
    Countries such as Russia, Germany, Britain, France, and Japan were seeking spheres of influence, or areas of economic and political control, in China.
  9. corollary
    something that follows or accompanies naturally
    In December 1904 and 1905, Roosevelt issued messages to Congress that became known as the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. In this corollary, or extension of a previously accepted idea, Roosevelt denied that the United States wanted any more territory.
  10. dollar diplomacy
    foreign policy influenced by economic considerations
    By this he meant maintaining orderly societies abroad through increased American investment in foreign economies. Although some of Taft's contemporaries mocked his approach, calling it dollar diplomacy, Taft himself later used this term with pride.
  11. racism
    the prejudice that one people are superior to another
    Racism is a belief that differences in character or intelligence are due to one's race. Many Americans of this period believed that people of Anglo-Saxon heritage were superior to other races.
  12. compulsory
    required by rule
    Maintaining the necessary armed forces required more taxation, debt, and possibly even compulsory, or required, military service.
  13. fleet
    a group of warships organized as a tactical unit
    The Great White Fleet, as the gleaming white ships were called, made a big impression everywhere it sailed. For American citizens, the fleet clearly showed the benefits of having a powerful navy.
Created on July 27, 2021 (updated July 30, 2021)

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