Essential Science Vocabulary: The Scientific Method

Whether you want to brush up on biology, study space science, or prep for a physics test, this collection of science vocabulary is for you! Our lists cover essential terms and concepts from all major scientific disciplines.
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Full list of words from this list:

  1. hypothesis
    a tentative insight that is not yet verified or tested
  2. experiment
    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
  3. control
    a standard against which other conditions can be compared
  4. model
    a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  5. graph
    a visual representation of the relations between quantities
  6. precision
    the quality of being reproducible in amount or performance
  7. accuracy
    the quality of being near to the true value
  8. assumption
    a hypothesis that is taken for granted
  9. procedure
    a process involved in a particular form of work
  10. observation
    the act of making and recording a measurement
  11. inference
    a conclusion you can draw based on known evidence
  12. method
    a way of doing something, especially a systematic way
  13. framework
    a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  14. data
    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  15. prediction
    a statement made about the future
  16. quantitative
    expressible as an amount that can be measured
  17. qualitative
    involving distinguishing attributes
  18. bias
    a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
  19. constant
    a quantity that does not vary
  20. variable
    a quantity that can assume any of a set of values
  21. chart
    a visual display of data or information
  22. trend
    a general direction in which something tends to move
  23. empirical
    derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
  24. evidence
    knowledge on which to base belief
Created on March 9, 2021 (updated March 12, 2021)

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