personal as opposed to real property
I wish you’d put your mind on all your house and
unrestrained by convention or propriety
And now a second time Melantho’s voice rang
brazen in Odysseus’ ears
conformity with rules or standards
Your name has gone out under heaven like the sweet honor of some god-fearing king, who rules in
equity over the strong: his black lands bear both wheat and barley, fruit trees laden bright, new lambs at lambing time—and the deep sea gives great hauls of fish by his good strategy, so that his folk fare well.
a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
Two sons Deukalion had: Idomeneus, who went to join the Atreidai before Troy in the beaked ships of war; and then myself, Aithon by name—a
stripling next my brother.
generosity evidenced by a willingness to give freely
You would soon know our love! Our
bounty, too: men would turn after you to call you blessed.
humorously sarcastic or mocking
Dear guest, no foreign man so sympathetic ever came to my house, no guest more likeable, so
wry and humble are the things you say.
hate coupled with disgust
Well you know, my hand has been against the world of men and women;
odium and distrust I’ve won.
not admitting of passage or capable of being affected
Before them a great boar lay hid in undergrowth, in a green thicket proof against the wind or sun’s blaze, fine soever the needling sunlight,
impervious too to any rain, so dense that cover was, heaped up with fallen leaves.
extreme distress of body or mind
Then joy and anguish seized her heart; her eyes filled up with tears; her throat closed, and she whispered, with hand held out to touch his chin: “Oh yes! You are Odysseus!
scold or reprimand severely or angrily
And out of the night sky Athena came to him; out of the nearby dark in body like a woman; came and stood over his head to
chide him: “Why so wakeful, most forlorn of men? Here is your home, there lies your lady; and your son is here, as fine as one could wish a son to be.”
a period of sleeplessness
Now you, too, go to sleep. This all night
vigil wearies the flesh.
rule or have supreme power
Evil may be endured when our days pass in mourning, heavy-hearted, hard beset, if only sleep
reign over nighttime, blanketing the world’s good and evil from our eyes.
a state of misfortune or affliction
“O Father Zeus, if over land and water, after
adversity, you willed to bring me home, let someone in the waking house give me good augury, and a sign be shown, too, in the outer world.”
linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason
You others go fetch water from the spring; no
loitering; come straight back.
restraint consisting of a rope or chain
My own feelings keep going round and round upon this
tether: can I desert the boy by moving, herds and all, to another country, a new life among strangers?
be bossy towards
“It goes against the grain, my lords, but still I say we take this
hectoring by Telemakhos. You know Zeus balked at it, or else we might have shut his mouth a long time past, the silvery speaker.”
state of disgrace or loss of self-respect
Granted you mean at last to cut me down: I welcome that—better to die than have
humiliation always before my eyes, the stranger buffeted, and the serving women dragged about, abused in a noble house.
express criticism towards
as long as hope remained in you to see Odysseus, that great gifted man, again, you could not be
reproached for obstinacy, tying the suitors down here
take arbitrarily or by force
My lords, hear me: suitors indeed, you
commandeered this house to feast and drink in, day and night, my husband being long gone, long out of mind.
steal goods; take as spoils
he, Antmoos, destined to be the first of all to savor blood from a biting arrow at his throat, a shaft drawn by the fingers of Odysseus whom he had mocked and
plundered, leading on the rest, his boon companions.
hold back to a later time
Today the islanders held holiday, a holy day, no day to sweat over a bowstring. Keep your head.
Postpone the bow.
belief about the future
Suppose this exile put his back into it and drew the great bow of Odysseus—could he then take me home to be his bride? You know he does not imagine that! No one need let that
prospect weigh upon his dinner! How very, very improbable it seems.
open disrespect for a person or thing
Contempt was all you had for the gods who rule wide heaven,
contempt for what men say of you hereafter.
look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval
Odysseus glowered under his black brows and said: “Not for the whole treasure of your fathers, all you enjoy, lands, flocks, or any gold put up by others, would I hold my hand. There will be killing till the score is paid.
prepare oneself for action or a confrontation
Odysseus, when he saw his adversaries
girded and capped and long spears in their hands shaken at him, felt his knees go slack, his heart sink, for the fight was turning grim.
of, affecting, or being on or near the surface
Amphi'medon’s point bloodied Telemakhos’ wrist, a
superficial wound, and Ktesippos’ long spear passing over Eumaios’ shield grazed his shoulder, hurtled on and fell.
motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
I had no part in what they did: my part was visionary—reading the smoke of sacrifice.
Scruples go unrewarded if I die.
violent pangs of suffering
Think of a catch that fishermen haul in to a halfmoon bay in a fine-meshed net from the white-caps of the sea: how all are poured out on the sand, in
throes for the salt sea, twitching their cold lives away in Helios’ fiery air: so lay the suitors heaped on one another.
defeat in a competition, race, or conflict
To glory over slain men is no piety. Destiny and the gods’ will
vanquished these, and their own hardness.
in a wild or reckless manner
When the great room was cleaned up once again, at swordpoint they forced them out, between the roundhouse and the palisade,
pell-mell to huddle in that dead end without exit.
a bottomless gulf or pit
Few men can keep alive through a big surf to crawl, clotted with brine, on kindly beaches in joy, in joy, knowing the
abyss behind: and so she too rejoiced, her gaze upon her husband, her white arms round him pressed as though forever.
knowledge of the future, as from a divine source
The moment of revelation he foretold was this, for you may share the
fill something that had previously been emptied
Take care of what is left me in our house; as to the flocks that pack of wolves laid waste they’ll be
replenished: scores I’ll get on raids and other scores our island friends will give me till all the folds are full again.
They would have boarded ship that night and fled except for one man’s wisdom—
venerable Nestor, proven counselor in the past.
But I might add—don’t take offense—your own appearance could be tidier. Old age yes—but why the
squalor, and rags to boot?
His mother at his bier never
bewailed him, nor did I, his father, nor did his admirable wife, Penelope, who should have closed her husband’s eyes in death and cried aloud upon him as he lay.
pass out from weakness or physical or emotional distress
Odysseus held him
swooning until he got his breath back and his spirit and spoke again
pose a question
At this point, querying Zeus, Athena said: “O Father of us all and king of kings, enlighten me. What is your secret will?
give in, as to influence or pressure
yielded to her, and his heart was glad.
someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
Both parties later swore to terms of peace set by their
arbiter, Athena, daughter of Zeus who bears the stormcloud as a shield—though still she kept the form and voice of Mentor.