Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow Ch. 2-5

This vocabulary list covers words from Susan Bartoletti's Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow and is intended for use by middle school students.
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definitions & notes only words
  1. eligible
    qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen
    On Sunday, more than six million Austrian voters are eligible to take part in the elections.BBC (Sep 29, 2013)
  2. voluntary
    of your own free will or design
    A voluntary evacuation order was issued for another 2,000 homes in Colorado Springs as embers drifted over the city.Reuters (Jun 14, 2013)
  3. descent
    properties attributable to your ancestry
    Soccer players of African descent have been taunted during matches.New York Times (Aug 12, 2013)
  4. Caucasian
    of or relating to Caucasian people
    Latino voters, while they lag behind Caucasian and African-American voting levels, are also stepping up their political participation.BusinessWeek (Jan 17, 2012)
  5. handicapped
    people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
    “But we had two weeks to consider what awaited these handicapped children.”New York Times (Jan 13, 2013)
  6. covet
    wish, long, or crave for
    Some coveted New York real estate is about to go up for grabs.Washington Post (Jul 3, 2013)
  7. individuality
    the distinct personality of someone
    The website, according to the lawsuit, focuses on "encouraging individuality through different forms of expression."Reuters (Jul 2, 2013)
  8. pummel
    strike, usually with the fist
    Even after Sumner lapsed into unconsciousness, Butler kept up the savage pummeling until his cane broke.BusinessWeek (Dec 9, 2011)
  9. loaf
    be lazy or idle
    Mr. Castro has repeatedly railed against egalitarianism, which he loosely defined as one worker loafing while another works hard.New York Times (Jul 7, 2013)
  10. financial
    involving fiscal matters
    Naturally his widow is distraught, but her financial future is assured.Economist (Sep 26, 2013)
  11. civil right
    right belonging to a person by reason of citizenship
    Today's civil rights activists came to Washington with concerns that include jobs, voting rights and gun violence.BBC (Aug 24, 2013)
  12. sanctity
    the quality of being holy
    He was in the sanctity of his office now and capable of clearer thinking.Vandenburg, G. L.
  13. disband
    cause to break up or cease to function
    To help shore up Allen Park’s finances, current leaders are planning to disband the police and fire departments.BusinessWeek (Aug 24, 2012)
  14. concentration camp
    a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
    Last month, with election campaigning already under way, the German Chancellor Angela Merkel went to Dachau, Nazi Germany's first concentration camp.BBC (Sep 18, 2013)
  15. relent
    give in, as to influence or pressure
    But the North Koreans insisted on the aid being part of any agreement, and the United States relented.New York Times (Feb 29, 2012)
  16. curriculum
    an integrated course of academic studies
    But deaf awareness charity Signature points out that sign language is included on the education curriculum in Sweden, Norway and Finland.BBC (Jun 17, 2013)
  17. standardized
    brought into conformity with a standard
    Not judge each child on a series of standardized exams.BBC (Jun 19, 2013)
  18. authority figure
    someone who is regarded as an authority by someone else
    He quietly rejected authority figures — teachers, coaches, host families — who treated him with what he sensed was distrust.New York Times (Dec 4, 2011)
  19. harass
    annoy continually or chronically
    As such, many of the women are harassed by the police for ‘passively soliciting’.Newsweek (Jul 31, 2013)
  20. intrepid
    invulnerable to fear or intimidation
    The intrepid maiden closed the door noiselessly, and by the time the sentinel had reappeared was sitting stiffly erect, on guard once more.Madison, Lucy Foster
  21. censored
    suppressed or subject to censorship
    Lou's films have long focused on sensitive subjects like sex, violence and politics, and have repeatedly been censored by China's cultural authorities.Seattle Times (Nov 24, 2012)
  22. blacklist
    put on a list so as to banish or cause to be boycotted
    Last November a controversial law took effect which blacklists websites considered harmful to children.BBC (May 24, 2013)
  23. boycott
    refuse to sponsor; refuse to do business with
    Gays bars in the United States and other countries began boycotting Russian vodka earlier this month in protest at the laws.Reuters (Aug 10, 2013)
  24. filth
    any substance considered disgustingly foul or unpleasant
    Prosecutors later described the condition in the apartment as “deplorable, with cockroaches, filth everywhere.”New York Times (Dec 14, 2011)
  25. Holocaust
    the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime from 1941 until 1945
    He was later a sailor on vessels bringing Holocaust survivors to Israel.New York Times (Jun 11, 2013)
  26. anti-Semitism
    the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
    Corruption, racism and anti-Semitism are rampant in places like Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary.BBC (Sep 20, 2013)
  27. persecution
    causing someone to suffer
    Decades of systematic persecution by the Burmese authorities has made sectarian violence inevitable, said Elaine Pearson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch's Asia division.Reuters (Jun 11, 2012)
  28. profit
    gain money or materially
    Steyer has his shirt sleeves rolled up above the elbow as he says, “today, we look at who profits if Keystone is built.BusinessWeek (Sep 17, 2013)
  29. law-abiding
    adhering strictly to laws and rules and customs
    Thus begins White’s slow slide from law-abiding, underachieving schmo to homicidal drug lord.New York Times (Aug 30, 2013)
  30. synagogue
    the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
    There are now only a tiny number of Egyptian Jews remaining in the country, and most synagogues are used mainly by tourists.The Guardian (Mar 13, 2013)
  31. looting
    plundering during riots or in wartime
    Rioting and looting broke out in 62 cities from coast to coast.Time (Apr 5, 2013)
  32. perpetrator
    someone who commits wrongdoing
    "The perpetrators should be punished severely as they have ruined my life."Reuters (Aug 24, 2013)
  33. insurance
    promise of reimbursement in the case of loss
    "Usually insurance companies will cover things like labs, the basic diagnostic testing," Smith said.Reuters (Sep 18, 2013)
  34. quota
    a prescribed number
    Large numbers of Asian immigrant families, of course, began residing there in the 1960s, when exclusionary immigration quotas were loosened in the United States.New York Times (Apr 26, 2013)
  35. reparation
    compensation for an insult or injury
    Germany, whose forces occupied Greece in World War Two, says it has already paid all reparations owed.Reuters (Apr 24, 2013)
  36. compulsory
    required by rule
    Mr Hung was three days away from completing his compulsory one-year military service when he died.BBC (Jul 29, 2013)
  37. lament
    express grief verbally
    “The anarchists have taken over,” Mr. Reid lamented on the Senate floor Thursday morning.New York Times (Sep 12, 2013)
  38. dormitory
    a large sleeping room containing several beds
    We slept in common dormitories, without any privacy, on thin mattresses we’d made ourselves.Salon (May 1, 2013)
  39. camaraderie
    the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability
    A sort of camaraderie has evolved, based on the shared experience of long hours and loneliness.New York Times (Mar 22, 2012)
  40. paramilitary
    of or relating to a group of civilians organized to function like or to assist a military unit
    More important, Zhou controlled the country’s large contingent of armed police, a paramilitary of former soldiers, specifically charged with handling social unrest.Newsweek (Sep 3, 2013)
  41. auxiliary
    functioning in a supporting capacity
    The remainder of the auxiliary pumps were placed in the reciprocating and turbine engine rooms.Government, British
  42. reclaim
    reassert one's right or title to
    In his speech, Mr. Obama sought to reclaim global leadership on climate change for the United States.New York Times (Jun 26, 2013)

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