grant relief from a rule or requirement to
From this moment you are
exempted from rules governing rudeness.
forbidden by law
From this moment you are
prohibited from dream-telling.
struck with fear, dread, or consternation
But he was a little
dismayed that his schedule left no time, apparently, for recreation.
Jonas might be feeling dread or consternation ("fear resulting from the awareness of danger") about his upcoming training as a Receiver, especially since the Chief Elder had warned him about the indescribable pain. But these feelings are not the same as the discouraging sense of disappointment at discovering that his new schedule would leave him no time to play.
force somebody to do something
Reading it again, however, he realized that it didn’t
compel him to be rude; it simply allowed him the option.
an act of limiting
restriction of medication unnerved him.
an ability to understand the meaning of something
Jonas swallowed hard, trying without success to imagine what such pain might be like, with no medication at all. But it was beyond his
within the realm of possibility
Now, empowered to ask questions of utmost rudeness—and promised answers—he could,
conceivably (though it was almost unimaginable), ask someone, some adult, his father perhaps: “Do you lie?”
having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate
The bed, in an alcove at the far end of the room, was draped with a splendid cloth embroidered over its entire surface with
The intricate designs on the cloth represent the complex memories that Jonas will receive; the designs were embroidered into the cloth with a needle, which parallels the painstaking transfers of the memories through the Receiver's hands into Jonas's body and mind. Just as the cloth contains the intricacies for the functional bed underneath, the Receiver holds the complex memories so that the rest of the community can work and sleep more easily.
obvious to the eye or mind
But the most
conspicuous difference was the books.
decrease in size, extent, or range
The failure of the previous selection was ten years ago, and my energy is starting to
a person who inherits some title or office
But that does not mean I am perfect, and when I tried before to train a
successor, I failed.
The phrase "I failed" turns the word "successor" into a pun ("success" and "successor" come from the same Latin words "sub" which means "after" and "cedere" which means "to go"). The Giver was unsuccessful in training his successor, who's supposed to come after him and replace him as the Receiver. Even though one can inherit the trait of light eyes that enables perception and reception, s/he must be chosen and trained for the title and office of Receiver.
transfer to another
“Simply stated,” he said, “although it’s not really simple at all, my job is to
transmit to you all the memories I have within me.
skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands
This one had a switch, which the man deftly snapped to the end that said OFF.
bring shame or dishonor upon
The room was absolutely silent, and for a moment Jonas feared that he might
disgrace himself now, on the first day of his training, by falling asleep.
an overwhelming number or amount
He could see a bright, whirling
torrent of crystals in the air around him, and he could see them gather on the backs of his hands, like cold fur.
making lively and joyful
The snow was piled now around it, and he pushed with his body, moving it forward, not wanting the
exhilarating ride to end.
hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion
Tentatively he opened his eyes—not his snow-hill-sled eyes, for they had been open throughout the strange ride.
no longer in use
It wasn’t a practical thing, so it became
obsolete when we went to Sameness.
to become aware of through the senses
You should be able to
perceive the name without being told.
Almost everyone in the community has dark eyes, which represent their inability to see beyond the present. But Jonas, Gabe, and the Giver all have different, lighter eyes, which enable them to perceive and receive the world in all its forms and colors throughout history.
in a questioning manner
“The Chief Elder told me—she told everyone—and you told me, too, that it would be painful. So I was a little scared. But it didn’t hurt at all. I really enjoyed it.” He looked
quizzically at the old man.
physically and mentally fatigued
He seemed terribly
cautionary advice about something imminent
He was very aware of his own
admonition not to discuss his training.
lasting for a markedly brief time
This time it was not a
fleeting impression. This time the sled had—and continued to have, as he blinked, and stared at it again—that same mysterious quality that the apple had had so briefly.
humorously sarcastic or mocking
Then he smiled wryly. “You’ve come very quickly to that conclusion,” he said. “It took me many years. Maybe your wisdom will come much more quickly than mine.”
the feeling of being thwarted in attaining your goals
But when the conversation turned to other things, Jonas was left, still, with a feeling of
frustration that he didn’t understand.
not consistent with or using reason
He found that he was often angry, now: irrationally angry at his groupmates, that they were satisfied with their lives which had none of the vibrance his own was taking on.
so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm
Jonas glanced around at the
astonishing array of volumes. From time to time, now, he could see their colors.
take up mentally
“They really suffered for a while. Finally it subsided as the memories were
assimilated. But it certainly made them aware of how they need a Receiver to contain all that pain. And knowledge."
"Assimilate" also means "make alike" or "become like one's environment" (Latin "similis" means "like"), which would be a desirable action in a community that "went to Sameness." The Giver is not exactly sure what happened to the memories when they were released, and he doesn't explain how they got assimilated. They couldn't go back to him, so they could have somehow just slowly blended into space and into the people's minds so that they were no longer shockingly different images and emotions.
enclosed firmly in a surrounding mass
He watched the landscape for glimpses of the green that he knew was
embedded in the shrubbery; when it came flickering into his consciousness, he focused upon it, keeping it there, darkening it, holding it in his vision as long as possible until his head hurt and he let it fade away.
after an unspecified period of time or a long delay
"Lie down," he said. "It’s time, I suppose. I can’t shield you forever. You’ll have to take it all on