Folklore, legends, myths and fairy tales have followed childhood through the ages, for every healthy youngster has a wholesome and instinctive love for stories fantastic, marvelous and
come up with after a mental effort
Yet the old time fairy tale, having served for generations, may now be classed as "historical" in the children's library; for the time has come for a series of newer "wonder tales" in which the stereotyped genie, dwarf and fairy are eliminated, together with all the horrible and blood-curdling incidents
devised by their authors to point a fearsome moral to each tale.
allow to remain in a place or maintain a property or feature
It aspires to being a modernized fairy tale, in which the wonderment and joy are
retained and the heartaches and nightmares are left out.
a flaw on a surface resulting when an applied substance does not adhere (as an air bubble in a coat of paint)
Once the house had been painted, but the sun
blistered the paint and the rains washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else.
The definition is for "blister" as a noun but the example sentence is using it as a verb to describe the effect of the sun on the paint. The lack of color on the house matches the lack of joy in Aunt Em and Uncle Henry; this could be because they have blisters ("an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid") from working so hard on the farm.
very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
She was thin and
gaunt, and never smiled now.
in a cheerless manner
As it was, the jar made her catch her breath and wonder what had happened; and Toto put his cold little nose into her face and whined
fear resulting from the awareness of danger
"Oh, dear! Oh, dear!" cried Dorothy, clasping her hands together in
dismay. "The house must have fallen on her. Whatever shall we do?"
providing abundant nourishment
Dorothy ate a
hearty supper and was waited upon by the rich Munchkin himself, whose name was Boq.
Another definition of "hearty" is "showing warm and sincere friendliness"--this describes the mood surrounding the supper, because the Munchkins are all happy and thankful to Dorothy for freeing them from the Wicked Witch.
reach a decision
This worried Dorothy a little, but she knew that only the Great Oz could help her get to Kansas again, so she bravely
resolved not to turn back.
in a serious manner
While Dorothy was looking
earnestly into the queer, painted face of the Scarecrow, she was surprised to see one of the eyes slowly wink at her.
so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
"I'm not feeling well," said the Scarecrow, with a smile, "for it is very
tedious being perched up here night and day to scare away crows."
How can a Scarecrow with no brains have mental weariness? The word "tedious" could be the first clue that the visitors to Oz already have what they are looking for.
an instance of misfortune
It never hurt him, however, and Dorothy would pick him up and set him upon his feet again, while he joined her in laughing merrily at his own
cause to lose courage
After this the enchanted axe cut off my arms, one after the other; but, nothing
daunted, I had them replaced with tin ones.
characterized by careless unconcern
Little Toto, now that he had an enemy to face, ran barking toward the Lion, and the great beast had opened his mouth to bite the dog, when Dorothy, fearing Toto would be killed, and
heedless of danger, rushed forward and slapped the Lion upon his nose as hard as she could
"No, but you tried to," she
something that causes great unhappiness
"It is my great
sorrow, and makes my life very unhappy. But whenever there is danger, my heart begins to beat fast."
During the rest of that day there was no other adventure to
mar the peace of their journey.
set at a high angle (of a slope)
The sides were so
steep that none of them could climb down, and for a moment it seemed that their journey must end.
"What shall we do?" asked Dorothy
characterized by hard work and perseverance
But it takes time to make a raft, even when one is as
industrious and untiring as the Tin Woodman, and when night came the work was not done.
showing pensive sadness
So they sat down upon the bank and gazed wistfully at the Scarecrow until a Stork flew by, who, upon seeing them, stopped to rest at the water's edge.
easily broken or damaged or destroyed
"I always did like flowers," said the Lion. "They seem so helpless and
"Frail" is an adjective that can describe both physical and emotional natures. The Lion likes the physical frailty of flowers because 1) it doesn't scare him and 2) it reminds him of his emotional frailty (lack of courage).
angered at something unjust or wrong
"Only a mouse!" cried the little animal, indignantly. "Why, I am a Queen--the Queen of all the Field Mice!"
having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones
"We will!" cried all the mice, in a
feel happiness or joy
The road was smooth and well paved, now, and the country about was beautiful, so that the travelers
rejoiced in leaving the forest far behind, and with it the many dangers they had met in its gloomy shades.
trouble or confusion resulting from complexity
"It has been many years since anyone asked me to see Oz," he said, shaking his head in
silly or trivial
"He is powerful and terrible, and if you come on an
idle or foolish errand to bother the wise reflections of the Great Wizard, he might be angry and destroy you all in an instant."
Wanting to go home or to have a brain, heart, and courage does not seem like a silly thing, but thinking that a Wizard would give all that to them just for the asking does make Dorothy and her friends seem like other definitions of "idle" ("not in action or at work" and "lacking a sense of restraint and responsibility").
in fortunate circumstances financially
Everyone seemed happy and contented and
dominance or power through legal authority
Therefore I have no brains, and I come to you praying that you will put brains in my head instead of straw, so that I may become as much a man as any other in your
force somebody to do something
And if he is the lovely Lady, I shall pretend to spring upon her, and so
compel her to do my bidding.
burn superficially or lightly
His first thought was that Oz had by accident caught on fire and was burning up; but when he tried to go nearer, the heat was so intense that it
singed his whiskers, and he crept back tremblingly to a spot nearer the door.
The Wicked Witch was so angry when she saw her black bees in little heaps like fine coal that she stamped her foot and tore her hair and
gnashed her teeth.
unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
There was a rushing of many wings, a great chattering and laughing, and the sun came out of the dark sky to show the Wicked Witch surrounded by a crowd of monkeys, each with a pair of
immense and powerful wings on his shoulders.
damaged by blows or hard usage
Here they dropped the poor Woodman, who fell a great distance to the rocks, where he lay so
battered and dented that he could neither move nor groan.
causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
Then she said to Dorothy, harshly and severely: "Come with me; and see that you mind everything I tell you, for if you do not I will make an end of you, as I did of the Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow."
in a submissive or spiritless manner
Dorothy went to work
meekly, with her mind made up to work as hard as she could; for she was glad the Wicked Witch had decided not to kill her.
marked by skill in deception
But the wicked creature was very
cunning, and she finally thought of a trick that would give her what she wanted.
join or fuse with an alloy
And when the tinsmiths came, bringing with them all their tools in baskets, she inquired, "Can you straighten out those dents in the Tin Woodman, and bend him back into shape again, and
solder him together where he is broken?"
polish and make shiny
Others polished the blade until all the rust was removed and it glistened like
When he grew to manhood, Quelala, as he was called, was said to be the best and wisest man in all the land, while his manly beauty was so great that Gayelette loved him dearly, and
hastened to make everything ready for the wedding.
troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
The waiting was tiresome and wearing, and at last they grew
vexed that Oz should treat them in so poor a fashion, after sending them to undergo hardships and slavery.
give as a gift
The four travelers passed a sleepless night, each thinking of the gift Oz had promised to
bestow on him.
in a punctual manner
Promptly at nine o'clock the next morning the green-whiskered soldier came to them, and four minutes later they all went into the Throne Room of the Great Oz.
humble in spirit or manner
"For my part, I am content in knowing I am as brave as any beast that ever lived, if not braver," said the Lion modestly.
express criticism towards
As she left them the milkmaid cast many reproachful glances over her shoulder at the clumsy strangers, holding her nicked elbow close to her side.
having little elasticity
"That was too bad," said Dorothy, "but really I think we were lucky in not doing these little people more harm than breaking a cow's leg and a church. They are all so
Another definition of "brittle" is "lacking warmth and generosity of spirit"--this could describe the emotional nature of the china animals and people; because they are so physically brittle, they are more likely to run away than welcome strangers into their country.
a group of persons together in one place
As he spoke several of the beasts caught sight of him, and at once the great
assemblage hushed as if by magic.
noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline
A chorus of
boisterous laughter came from the other rocks, and Dorothy saw hundreds of the armless Hammer-Heads upon the hillside, one behind every rock.
keep from having, keeping, or obtaining
"By means of the Golden Cap I shall command the Winged Monkeys to carry you to the gates of the Emerald City," said Glinda, "for it would be a shame to
deprive the people of so wonderful a ruler."
in a grave and sedate manner
Dorothy now took Toto up
solemnly in her arms, and having said one last good-bye she clapped the heels of her shoes together three times, saying: "Take me home to Aunt Em!"
Dorothy's solemnity here is not the same as Uncle Henry's at the beginning, where he was described as "gray also, from his long beard to his rough boots, and he looked stern and solemn, and rarely spoke." Dorothy is temporarily sad that going home means leaving her newfound friends in Oz, while Uncle Henry is always sad that he is stuck in Kansas in a life filled with the same hard work every day.