Medical Diseases and Disorders

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  1. acne
    an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands
  2. allergy
    hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance
  3. amnesia
    partial or total loss of memory
  4. anxiety
    a state of worry and nervousness in mental disorders
  5. aphasia
    inability to use language because of a brain lesion
  6. arthritis
    inflammation of a joint or joints
  7. ascites
    accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  8. asthma
    respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
  9. astigmatism
    impaired eyesight common in nearsighted people
  10. atherosclerosis
    a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries
  11. autism
    a condition involving social and communication difficulties
  12. botulism
    food poisoning from ingesting botulin
  13. bronchitis
    inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  14. cancer
    a malignant growth caused by uncontrolled cell division
  15. carcinoma
    any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue
  16. cataract
    disease that involves the clouding of the lens of the eye
  17. cellulitis
    an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  18. chickenpox
    an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  19. chlamydia
    a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
  20. cholera
    an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  21. cirrhosis
    a chronic disease interfering with the liver's functioning
  22. cold
    viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages
  23. colitis
    inflammation of the colon
  24. constipation
    irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
  25. cough
    a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
  26. dementia
    mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  27. depression
    mental state characterized by a despondent lack of activity
  28. diabetes
    a disease characterized by high glucose levels in the blood
  29. diarrhea
    frequent and watery bowel movements
  30. dyslexia
    impaired ability to learn to read
  31. eczema
    an inflammatory condition of the skin
  32. encephalitis
    inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
  33. endometriosis
    the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  34. epilepsy
    a nervous disorder characterized by convulsions
  35. gastritis
    inflammation of the lining of the stomach
  36. glioma
    a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
  37. gonorrhea
    a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
  38. gout
    a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  39. headache
    pain in the head
  40. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  41. hernia
    rupture in tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  42. herpes
    viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  43. hypermetropia
    abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  44. hypertension
    a disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high
  45. hypothyroidism
    an underactive thyroid gland
  46. impotence
    an inability (usually of the male animal) to copulate
  47. influenza
    an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  48. insomnia
    an inability to sleep
  49. insomnia
    an inability to sleep
  50. jaundice
    yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
  51. leprosy
    communicable disease characterized by wasting of body parts
  52. leukemia
    disease characterized by overproduction of white blood cells
  53. lipoma
    a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  54. lisp
    a speech defect that involves mispronouncing "s" and "z"
  55. lupus
    any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  56. lymphoma
    a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant
  57. malaria
    a disease caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite
  58. measles
    a contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots
  59. melanoma
    any of several malignant neoplasms consisting of melanocytes
  60. meningitis
    infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
  61. menopause
    the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  62. migraine
    a severe, recurring headache
  63. mumps
    an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  64. myeloma
    a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  65. myopia
    eyesight abnormality in which distant objects appear blurred
  66. narcolepsy
    a disorder characterized by sudden episodes of deep sleep
  67. neuralgia
    acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  68. osteoporosis
    abnormal loss of bony tissue due to a lack of calcium
  69. pertussis
    a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  70. piles
    pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
  71. plague
    any large-scale calamity
  72. psoriasis
    a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
  73. rubella
    a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester
  74. sarcoma
    a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue
  75. schizophrenia
    a psychotic disorder characterized by distortions of reality
  76. sinusitis
    inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  77. smallpox
    a contagious viral disease caused by the Variola major virus
  78. spondylitis
    inflammation of a spinal joint
  79. syphilis
    a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  80. tetanus
    an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system
  81. thrush
    candidiasis of the oral cavity
  82. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  83. tuberculosis
    infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of bacilli
  84. typhoid
    infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
  85. ulcer
    an inflammatory lesion resulting in decay of tissue
  86. urticaria
    an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  87. vitiligo
    skin condition characterized by patches of unpigmented skin
  88. wart
    a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin
Created on March 5, 2013

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