hypertension

If you've got hypertension, you've got high blood pressure, and you're likely to be on medication to bring it down to a safe level.

Hyper- is a prefix that means "over" or "beyond" — if you're hyper you're wildly energetic. Tension means "stretching" or "straining." Hypertension, therefore, means "straining beyond." With hypertension, your blood pressure is abnormally high, causing a strain on your blood vessels. This condition can result in serious health problems, such as heart attack and stroke.

Definitions of hypertension
  1. noun
    a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
    synonyms: high blood pressure
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    Antonyms:
    hypotension
    abnormally low blood pressure
    types:
    show 5 types...
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    essential hypertension, hyperpiesia, hyperpiesis
    persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
    malignant hypertension
    severe hypertension that runs a rapid course and damages the inner linings of the blood vessels and the heart and spleen and kidneys and brain
    secondary hypertension
    hypertension that is secondary to another disease
    white-coat hypertension
    temporary rise in blood pressure in the doctor's office
    portal hypertension
    increase in blood pressure in the veins of the portal system caused by obstruction in the liver (often associated with alcoholic cirrhosis), causing enlargement of the spleen and collateral veins
    type of:
    cardiovascular disease
    a disease of the heart or blood vessels
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